Women, Jung and the Hebrew Bible


An Evaluation of Jungian Interpretations of Hebrew Bible Texts by Way of the Book of Ruth


In: Biblical Interpretation

This paper evaluates Jungian psychoanalytic approaches to Hebrew Bible texts by way of two readings of the book of Ruth: those of Yehezkel Kluger and Nomi Kluger-Nash. In so doing, it provides a brief synopsis of Jungian approaches to Hebrew Bible texts and the process of individuation. It then evaluates the two readings mentioned according to the author and Ricoeur’s criteria for adequate interpretation. Having done so, it attempts to draw conclusions on the general (and potential) value of Jungian biblical hermeneutics, particularly as it affects the appraisal of women in the Hebew Bible and the incorporation of Jewish tradition and scholarship in Hebrew Bible hermeneutics. Finally, it endeavours to sketch a way forward.


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  • 8

    See, for example, Edinger 2004. To be fair, Edinger passed away before he was able to complete this work. Had he lived, I am sure he would have completed the work in far more depth. As it stands, this work, published posthumously, analyzes only a few images from select Psalms in lecture format.

  • 9

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  • 32

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  • 35

    See Schüssler-Fiorenza 1988: 9; Mouton 2002: 8; and Efthimiadis-Keith 2010b: 100–101 for a discussion of these shifts in biblical interpretation.

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