‘Developmental State’ as an Alternative Development Path in Ethiopia: Miracle or Mirage?

in Bandung
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?

Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.

Help

 

Have Institutional Access?

Login with your institution. Any other coaching guidance?

Connect

As an alternative development track, developmental state ideology has been openly introduced in the public policy makings of the Ethiopian state only after 2000. In essence, developmental state ideology could be understood as building the capacity of a state to address its diverse development challenges. As such, it is basically about creating enabling normative, structural, institutional, technical, and administrative environments in a given state to achieve its national development vision. In this regard, there are five defining features to evaluate as to whether a given state is indeed developmental: democratic nation building practices with committed political leadership, autonomous and effective bureaucracy, coordinated national development planning, sound social policy, and institutional capacity. In light of these conceptualizations and characterizations of the fundamentals of developmental state, the paper aims to contribute to our understanding of the actual state of developmental state ideology in Ethiopia by critically exploring and evaluating its actual performance. Accordingly, the findings of this paper reveal that Ethiopia fails to satisfy the basic standards of being a developmental state as it claims to be. Thus, the paper argues that the so-called ‘developmental state’ in Ethiopia is something that is mirage, and not actually or really embraced and practiced.

Sections
References
  • Abebe A . (2012). Rule by law in Ethiopia: Rendering constitutional limits on government power nonsensical. cghr Working Paper 1. University of Cambridge Centre of Governance and Human Rights.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Jazeera Al . (2016). Ethiopia declares state of emergency over protests. 10 Oct 2016. Retrieved from http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2016/10/ethiopia-declares-state-emergency-protests-161009110506730.html.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Allo A.K. (2018). Torture, state terrorism and Ethiopia’s transformation. Al Jazeera 23 June. Retrieved from https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/abiy-ahmed-transforming-ethiopia-face-adversity-180622112645741.html.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Arriola R. and Lyons T. (2016). Ethiopia’s 100% election. Journal of Democracy 277688.

  • Bagchi K. (2004). The developmental state in history and in the twentieth century. New Delhi: Regency Publications.

  • Bekele S. and Regassa T. (2012). Democratization in a developmental state: The case of Ethiopia. issues challenges and prospects. undp Ethiopia Development Brief (1) Addis Ababa.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Clapham C. (2017). The Ethiopian developmental state. Third World Quarterlydoi: .10.1080/01436597.2017.1328982

  • De Waal A. (2012). The theory and practice of Meles Zenawi. African Affairs112 (446) 148155.

  • Economic Report on Africa (era). (2011). Governing Development in Africa: The Role of the State in Economic Transformation. Economic Commission for AfricaAfrican Union. Retrieved from https://www.uneca.org/sites/default/files/PublicationFiles/era2011_eng-fin.pdf.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Edigheji Omano . (2010). A democratic developmental state in Africa? A concept paper. Johannesburg: Centre for Policy Studies. Edigeji Omano (Ed.) Constructing a democratic developmental state in South Africa. Cape Town: Human Sciences Research Council.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Education Development Center (edc). (2018). Livelihoods for Resilience: Labor Market Assessment Report. Retrieved from http://usaid.gov/pdf docs PAOOHVDN.pdf.

    • Export Citation
  • Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (eprdf). (2017). Official Statement. Retrieved from http://www.tigraionline.com/articles/eprdf-meeting-concludes.html.

  • Fisseha T. and Tadesse M. (2011). Ethiopia and the aprm a Path to Nowhere? A critical assessment. Open Society FoundationSouth Africa.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • House Freedom . (2015). Overview. Retrieved from https//freedomhouse.org/report/freedom…/2015/Ethiopia.

  • House Freedom . (2016). Anxious dictators wavering democracies global freedom under pressure. Internet: https//freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/freedom-world-2016.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Fritz V. and Menocal R. (2006). (Re) building Developmental States: From Theory to Practice . Overseas Development InstituteLondon. Retrieved April 15 2018. www.odi.org/resources/docs/2328pdf.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gamora G . (2014). Developmental State in Africa: The Emerging Experience of Ethiopia. A Paper accepted by the Ethiopian Economic Association for July 2014 Conference, Presentation and Subsequent publication.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gebremariam T. (2017). The ‘Democratic Developmental State’ in Ethiopia: Origin, Challenges and Prospects. In Sonja Assefa and Taa’a (eds.) Cultures of Democracy in Ethiopia: From Theory to Lived Experiences (pp. 88105). Addis Abeba: A publication of the zriedrich-Ebert-StiftungEthiopia.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gudina M. (2004). Ethiopia: Constraints to transition and democratization. In Nhema A. (ed) The quest for peace in Africa245267. Addis Ababa: OSSREA.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gudina M. (2006). Contradictory interpretations of Ethiopian history: The need for a new consensus. In Turton D. (ed.) Ethnic federalism: The Ethiopian experience in comparative perspective (pp. 119130). Oxford: James Currey.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Watch Human Rights . (2015). Ethiopia 2015 human rights report. Retrieved from https://www.state.gov/documents/organization/252893.pdf.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Jebena B.A. (2015). Ethnic Federalism and Democratic Developmental State in Ethiopia: Some Points of Contradiction. International Journal of Political Science and Development3(7) 291300.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kebede M. (2011). The fallacy of tplf’s developmental state. Ethiopian Review June 14 Retrieved from www.ethiopianreview.com/index/33340.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kenha S. (2011). Impact of Ethnic Federalism in Building Developmental State of Ethiopia. A Masters Research Paper. The Hague, Netherlands. Retrieved from http://thesis.eur.nl/pub/10713.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Leftwich A. (2008). Developmental states effective states and poverty reduction: The primacy of politics. United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (unrisd) Project on Poverty Reduction and Policy Regimes. Retrieved April 15 2018. www.unrisd.org/80256B3C005BCCF9/search/EE2D4DF655F6077BC1257A5D004C7E5E? open document.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Maipose S. (2003). Economic development and the role of the state in Botswana. dpmn Bulletin X (2). Retrieved from www.dpmf.org/images/Botswana-ecdevtmaipose.html.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Matfess H. (2015). Rwanda and Ethiopia: Developmental authoritarianism and the new politics of African strong men. African Studies Review 58181204.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Mengisteab K. (2007). Identity politics, democratisation and state building in Ethiopia’s federal arrangement. African Journal on Conflict Resolution7(2) 6392.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Meyns P. (2010). Botswana: a Developmental State in Africa. In Peter Meyns and Charity Musamba (eds.) The Developmental State in Africa: Problems and Prospects. inef Report 10 1. Institute for Development and Peace. University of Duisburg Essen. Retrieved from http://inef.uni-due.de.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ministry of Education (MoE). (2015). Education Sector Development Programme v (esdp v) . Addis Ababa: International Institute of Educational Planning (IIIEP).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Mkandawire T. (2001). Thinking about developmental states in Africa. Cambridge Journal of Economics25(3) 289313.

  • Foundation Mo Ibrahim . (2015). The 2015 Ibrahim index of African governance: Key findings. Retrieved from http://www.moibrahimfoundation.org/news/2015/the-2015-ibrahim-index-of-african-governance-key-findings.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MoFED. (2010). Growth and transformation plan 2010/11–2014/15. Retrieved from www.iea.org/media/pams/…/Ethiopia_GTP_2010to2915.

  • Praeg Bertus . (2006). Ethiopia and political renaissance in Africa. New York: Nova Publishers.

  • Ahmed Prime Minister Abiy . (2018). PMAbiy Ahmed unveils a new cabinet. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IjSbtDzEp9g.

  • Bekele Sehen and Regassa Tsegaye . (2012b). Democratization in a Developmental State: The Case of Ethiopia Issues Challenges and Prospects. UNDP EthiopiaDevelopment BriefNo. 1.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sen A. (1999). Development as freedom. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.

  • The Economist Intelligence Unit. (2016). Democracy index 2015: Democracy in an age of anxiety. Internet: www.eiu.com.

  • International Transparency . (2018). Corruption Perception Index 2017. Retrieved from https://www.transparency.org/news/feature/corruption_perceptions_index_2017.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • United Nations Development Programme (undp). (2018). Human Development Indices and Indicators: 2018 statistical update.

  • Woldegiyorgis A. (2014). The Ethiopian Developmental State and Its Challenges. ssrn Electronic Journal. Retrieved from .

  • World Bank. (2017). Pro-poor Investments in Ethiopia Accelerate Economic Growth. Retrieved from https://olc.worldbank.org/content/pro-poor-investments-ethiopia-accelerate-economic-growth.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Zenawi M. (2006). Africa’s development: dead ends and new beginnings . Retrieved from African_Development-Dead_Ends_and_New_Beginnings_by_Meles_Zenawi.pdf.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Zenawi M. (2012). State and markets: neoliberal limitations and the case for a developmental state. In Noman A. Botchwey K. Stein H. & Stiglitz J. (Eds.) Good growth and governance in Africa: rethinking development strategies (pp. 140169). New York: Oxford University Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
Index Card
Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 117 117 37
Full Text Views 4 4 0
PDF Downloads 1 1 0
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0