Writing in Turns: An Analysis of Scribal Hands in the Bamboo Manuscript Suan shu shu 筭數書 (Writings on Mathematical Procedures) from Zhangjiashan Tomb No. 247 (張家山247號墓漢簡《筭數書》寫手再探)

in Bamboo and Silk
No Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

Refining our previous study in Jianbo 簡帛 12 (2016), this article examines the back-and-forth between scribal hands in the Suan shu shu 筭數書 from Zhangjiashan 張家山 M247 (sealed ≥186 b.c.e.). Introducing an improved methodology, we establish a link between one of the Suan shu shu’s scriptors and four other manuscripts in the same tomb, offering a hand-informed reading of the former to hypothesize what this means.

以《簡帛》第12輯(2016 年)的原作爲基礎,本文對張家山247號漢墓《筭數書》寫手輪流交替書寫的現象進行分析。在介紹我們對原有方法論的改進後,本文把《筭數書》的兩位寫手之一與隨葬的四種文本串聯,再由字跡、文意對讀解釋其意味。

Writing in Turns: An Analysis of Scribal Hands in the Bamboo Manuscript Suan shu shu 筭數書 (Writings on Mathematical Procedures) from Zhangjiashan Tomb No. 247 (張家山247號墓漢簡《筭數書》寫手再探)

in Bamboo and Silk

Sections

References

  • Barbieri-Low Anthony J. and Yates Robin D. S. Law State and Society in Early Imperial China: A Study with Critical Edition and Translation of the Legal Texts from Zhangjiashan Tomb No. 247 (Leiden: Brill2015).

  • Chemla Karine “Numerical tables in Chinese writings devoted to mathematics: From early imperial manuscripts to printed Song-Yuan books” East Asian Science Technology and Medicine 44 (2016) 69–121.

  • Chemla Karine and Morgan Daniel Patrick Math Lessons” in Manuscript Cultures article forthcoming.

  • Chemla Karine and Shuchun Guo Les neuf chapitres: le classique mathématique de la Chine ancienne et ses commentaires (Paris: Dunod2004).

  • Chōkazan Kankan Sansūsho kenkyūkai 張家山漢簡「算數書」研究會 Kankan Sansūsho: Chūgoku saiko no sūgakusho 漢簡「算數書」:中國最古の數學書 (Kyōto: Hōyū shoten2006).

  • Cullen Christopher The Suàn Shù Shū 算數書 “Writings on Reckoning”: A Translation of a Chinese Mathematical Collection of the Second Century bc with Explanatory Commentary (Cambridge: Needham Research Institute2004).

  • Dauben Joseph W. 算書書 Suan Shu Shu, a Book on Numbers and Computations: English Translation with CommentaryArchive for History of Exact Sciences 62 (2008) 91178.

  • Giele Enno Using Early Chinese Manuscripts as Historical Source MaterialsMonumenta Serica 51 no. 1 (2003) 40938.

  • Giele Enno Signatures of ‘Scribes’ in Early Imperial ChinaAsiatische Studien/ Études Asiatiques 59.1 (2005) 35387.

  • Guo Shirong 郭世榮 “Suan shu shu kanwu” 《算數書》勘誤 Neimenggu shifan daxue xuebao (ziran kexue Hanwen ban) 內蒙古師範大學學報(自然科學漢文版) 30.3 (2001) 27685.

  • Guo Shuchun 郭書春 “ Suan shu shu jiaokan《算數書》校勘 Zhongguo keji shiliao 中國科技史料 22.3 (2001) 20219.

  • Hsing I-tien 邢義田 Di bu ai bao: Handai de jiandu 地不愛寶:漢代的簡牘 (Beijing: Zhonghua shuju2011).

  • Hsing I-tien “Handai jiandu gongwen shu de zhengwen, fuben, caogao he qianshu wenti” 漢代簡牘公文書的正文、副本、草稿和簽署問題Zhongyang yanjiuyuan lishi yuyan yanjiusuo jikan 中央研究院歷史語言研究所集刊 82.4 (2011) 60178.

  • Jia Yuwen 賈玉文 and Zou Mingli 鄒明理 Zhongguo xingshi kexue jishu daquan: wenjian jianyan 中國刑事科學技術大全·文件檢驗 (Beijing: Zhongguo renmin gongan daxue chubanshe2002).

  • Li Jingrong The Ernian Lü Ling Manuscript” (Ph.D. diss. Universität Hamburg2014).

  • Li Songru 李松儒 Zhanguo jianbo ziji yanjiu: yi Shangbo jian wei zhongxin 戰國簡帛字迹研究:以上博簡爲中心 (Shanghai: Shanghai guji chubanshe2015).

  • Liu Jinhua 劉金華 “Shishuo Zhangjiashan Han jian Suan shu shu de wenben jiegou wenti” 試説張家山漢簡《算數書》的文本結構問題 Wuhan daxue Jianbo wang 武漢大學簡帛網 December 8 2003http://www.jianbo.org/admin3/list.asp?id=1078.

  • Liu Xiaoyi 劉曉芸 and You Yifei 游逸飛 “Cong chutu weizhi yu neirong chongpai Zhangjiashan Han jian Ernian lüling ‘Chuanshi lü’ de lüwen cixu” 從出土位置與內容重排張家山漢簡《二年律令·傳食律》的律文次序 Wuhan daxue Jianbo wang 武漢大學簡帛網 August 14 2013 http://www.bsm.org.cn/show_article.php?id=1880.

  • Milburn Olivia ‘Gai Lu’: A Translation and Commentary on a Yin-Yang Military Text Excavated from Tomb M247, ZhangjiashanEarly China 33/34 (2010) 10140.

  • Mo Zihan 墨子涵 ( Morgan Daniel P. ) and Lin Lina 林力娜 (Karine Chemla) “Ye you lunzhe xiede: Zhangjiashan Han jian Suan shu shu xieshou yu bianxu chutan” 也有輪着寫的:張家山漢簡《筭數書》寫手與編序初探 Jianbo 簡帛 12 (2016) 23551.

  • Morgan Daniel Patrick What Good’s a Text? Textuality, Orality, and Mathematical Astronomy in Early Imperial ChinaArchives internationales d’histoire des sciences 65.2 (2015) 5174.

  • Morgan Daniel Patrick On the Potential of Corpus-Based Handwriting Analysis: A Refined Analysis of the Zhangjiashan Tomb Library” Paper presented at Scribal Hands and Scribal Practices in Manuscripts from Warring States and Early Imperial China Universität Heidelberg November 16 2016. https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01368873.

  • Nagata Hidemasa 永田英正 “Chōkazan Kankan Ninen ritsuryō no jitai ni tsuite no shokan” 張家山漢簡「二年律令」の字体についての所感 Chōko ryūiki bunka kenkyūjo nenpō 長江流域文化研究所年報 4 (2006) 15.

  • Peng Hao 彭浩 Zhangjiashan Han jian Suan shu shu zhushi 張家山漢簡《算數書》註釋 (Beijing: Kexue chubanshe2001).

  • Richter Matthias L. Tentative Criteria for Discerning Individual Hands in the Guodian Manuscripts” in Wen Xing 邢文 ed. Rethinking Confucianism: Selected Papers from the Third International Conference on Excavated Chinese Manuscripts Mount Holyoke College April 2004 (San Antonio: Trinity University2006) 13247.

  • Richter Matthias L. The Embodied Text: Establishing Textual Identity in Early Chinese Manuscripts (Leiden: Brill2013).

  • Staack Thies Yuelu Qin jian Wei yu deng zhuang si zhong juance yi de bianlian: yiju jianbei huaxian he jianbei fanyin ziji fuyuan juanzhou yuanmao” 嶽麓秦簡《爲獄等狀四種》卷冊一的編聯——依據簡背劃綫和簡背反印字跡復原卷軸原貌 trans. Li Jingrong 李婧嶸 Hunan daxue xuebao (shehui kexue ban) 湖南大學學報(社會科學版) 27.3 (2013) 2025.

  • Staack Thies Identifying Codicological Sub-Units in Bamboo Manuscripts: Verso Lines RevisitedManuscript Cultures 8 (2015) 15786.

  • Thote Alain Daybooks in Archaeological Context” in Harper Donald J. and Kalinowski Marc eds. Books of Fate and Popular Culture in Early China: The Daybook Manuscripts of the Warring States Qin and Han (Leiden: Brill forthcoming).

  • Wang Haicheng Writing and the Ancient State: Early China in Comparative Perspective (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press2014) 275300.

  • Zhangjiashan ersiqi hao Han mu zhujian zhengli xiaozu 張家山二四七號漢墓整理小組 Zhangjiashan Han mu zhujian (ersiqi hao mu) 張家山漢墓竹簡(二四七號墓) (Beijing: Wenwu chubanshe2001) 1.

  • Zhu Hanmin 朱漢民 and Songchang Chen 陳松長 eds. Yuelu shuyuan cang Qin jian (er) 嶽麓書院藏秦簡(貳) (Shanghai: Shanghai cishu chubanshe2011).

  • Zhou Célestin X. 周霄漢 “Preliminary Study on the Complete Collection of Detailed Annotation and Analogical Methods of the Nine Chapters (九章詳注比類算法大全) (1488)” Paper presented at Université Paris Diderot Paris April 3 2015.

Figures

  • View in gallery

    Heading–body comparison. “Hand A” is highlighted in grey, the rest belonging to “Hand B.”

  • View in gallery

    Unsuccessful criteria, Suan shu shu graphological analysis. Prevalent character forms such as these proved highly variable across A and B as identified via the stable character forms in Figure 3.

  • View in gallery

    Successful criteria: (a) 又 component, angle, square vs. round; (b) 爲; (c) 實, final stroke and composition (毌 vs. 尹); (d) 廣, “feet” and component symmetry; (e) 木 · 禾 component symmetry; (f) exaggerated end-stroke.

  • View in gallery

    Lower-margin “signatures”

  • View in gallery

    Attempt to explain the textual order of the “Xiang cheng” table. With hypothetical original A, the Suan shu shu copyist’s eye skips from slip 1 to 3 in the original. Alerted to his/her mistake by “Checker” Yang’s dot midway through, the copyist then abruptly inserts the missing text from slip 2 in the middle of slip 4 (starting from the first character prior to the omission, 卅 “30”), before continuing with slip 5. Alternatively, with hypothetical original B, there is a misplaced slip in the original (slip 4, which should go between 1 and 2), and the copyist for some unknown reason copies 卅 “30” twice (once between original slips 1 and 2 and a second time at the beginning of the original slip 4). Dark gray indicates serious mid-slip ruptures in the Suan shu shu’s textual order.

  • View in gallery

    “Fingerprint database” for Zhangjiashan M247. enll = Ernian lüling; gl = Gai Lu; lp = *Lipu; ms = Mai shu; qc = *Qiance; sss = Suan shu shu; ys = Yin shu; zys = Zouyan shu. Grey indicates all ziji that we can eliminate as belonging to the same hand.

  • View in gallery

    Alternation of scribal hands in “Shao guang” (black highlighting represents A).

Information

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 243 243 8
Full Text Views 240 240 31
PDF Downloads 19 19 0
EPUB Downloads 4 4 0