As Beautiful as an Artwork! (芸術作品のように美しい!——芸術美と自然美についての再考)

Reconsidering Artistic and Natural Beauty

in Culture and Dialogue
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The difference and similarity between artistic and natural beauty has been a much-debated topic amongst aestheticians. Allen Carlson – a leading scholar in environmental aesthetics since the late 1970s – claims that we should not appreciate natural beauty in terms of artistic beauty. For Carlson, appreciating “nature as nature” is fundamental.

In my eyes, it is hard to deny that nature should be appreciated as nature. However, it is also true that influences from our aesthetic appreciation of artworks should be taken into account when it comes to appreciating the natural environment. To support this argument, I will show that the expression “as beautiful as an artwork!” does not run against the fundamental of “nature as nature” when applied to natural beauty.

芸術美と自然美の差異は、美学者のあいだでも多く議論される話題のひとつである。1970年代より環境美学を牽引してきたアレン・カールソンは、自然美を芸術美の規範で以て鑑賞するべきではないと主張する。かれにとって、「自然を自然として」鑑賞することが根本的に重要なことがらである。

本稿もまた、自然を自然として鑑賞するという要請そのものを否定することはしない。しかし、自然環境の鑑賞について考える際、芸術作品の美的鑑賞からの影響もまた数え入れられるべきだということもひとつの事実である。このことを示すために、本稿では「芸術作品のように美しい!」という表現は、「自然を自然として」という基礎的な要請に反するものではないことを明らかにする。

This article is in Japanese.

As Beautiful as an Artwork! (芸術作品のように美しい!——芸術美と自然美についての再考)

Reconsidering Artistic and Natural Beauty

in Culture and Dialogue

Sections

References

1

Ronald Hepburn“Contemporary Aesthetics and the Neglect of Natural Beauty,” in Aesthetics and the Philosophy of Art – The Analytic Tradition: An Anthologyeds. Peter Lamarque and Stein Haugom Olsen. (Blackwell Publishing: Oxford 2004 [1966]) 521-534.

2

Cf. Allen Carlson“On the Possibility of Quantifying Scenic Beauty,” in Landscape Planning 4 131-172; Yrjö Sepänmaa The Beauty of Environment: A General Model for Environmental Aesthetics (Helsinki: Suomalainen Tiedeakathemia 1986).

4

Noël Carroll“On Being Moved By Nature: Between Religion and Natural History,” in Landscape Natural Beauty and the Artseds. S. Kemal and I. Gaskell (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1993): Malcolm Budd The Aesthetic Appreciation of Nature (Oxford: Oxford University Press 2002): Patricia Matthews “Scientific Knowledge and the Aesthetic Appreciation of Nature” in Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 60 1 (2002): 37-48; Glenn Parsons “Nature Appreciation Science and Positive Aesthetics” in British Journal of Aesthetics 42 3 (2002): 279-295.

5

Allen CarlsonAesthetics and the Environment: The Appreciation of Nature Art and Architecture (London: Routledge2000) 42-47.

8

Robert SteckerAesthetics and the Philosophy of Art (2nd edition) (Plymouth: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.2010) 22.

9

SepänmaaThe Beauty of Environment37.

11

SepänmaaThe Beauty of Environment41.

12

SibleyApproach to Aesthetics18.

13

CarlsonNature and Landscape: An Introduction to Environmental Aesthetics (New York: Columbia University Press2009) 123-126.

14

Ibid.126.

15

Ibid.113.

16

Ronald Hepburn“Contemporary Aesthetics and the Neglect of Natural Beauty,” in Aesthetics and the Philosophy of Art – The Analytic Tradition: An Anthologyeds. Peter Lamarque and Stein Haugom Olsen. (Blackwell Publishing: Oxford 2004 [1966]) 521-534.

17

Cf. Allen Carlson“On the Possibility of Quantifying Scenic Beauty,” in Landscape Planning 4 131-172; Yrjö Sepänmaa The Beauty of Environment: A General Model for Environmental Aesthetics (Helsinki: Suomalainen Tiedeakathemia 1986).

19

Noël Carroll“On Being Moved By Nature: Between Religion and Natural History,” in Landscape Natural Beauty and the Artseds. S. Kemal and I. Gaskell (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1993): Malcolm Budd The Aesthetic Appreciation of Nature (Oxford: Oxford University Press 2002): Patricia Matthews “Scientific Knowledge and the Aesthetic Appreciation of Nature” in Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 60 1 (2002): 37-48; Glenn Parsons “Nature Appreciation Science and Positive Aesthetics” in British Journal of Aesthetics 42 3 (2002): 279-295.

20

Allen CarlsonAesthetics and the Environment: The Appreciation of Nature Art and Architecture (London: Routledge2000) 42-47.

21

Ibid. p. 46.

22

SteckerAesthetics and the Philosophy of Art22.

23

SepänmaaThe Beauty of Environment37.

24

SibleyApproach to Aesthetics91-92.

25

SepänmaaThe Beauty of Environment41.

26

SibleyApproach to Aesthetics18.

27

CarlsonNature and Landscape123-126.

28

Ibid.126.

29

Ibid.113.

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