Children’s Right to Be Heard: What Children Think

In: The International Journal of Children's Rights
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  • 1 University of Milan

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This article analyses the implementation in Italy of the children’s right to be heard in judicial and administrative proceedings and investigates children’s point of view about this right. The article is organized in two sections. In the first I present an overview of Italian law on children’s hearing in legal proceedings in the civil law context, and the opinion of legal professionals about child’s hearing. In the second I present some findings of a research aiming at identifying children’s perceptions and opinions on the right to be listened to if their parents decide to separate.

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  • 7)

    As Luigi Fadiga (2004) rightly pointed out, the Italian Government, instead of identifying some “categories of controversy, (…) indicated seven articles of the Civil Code (…). What is more, those rules could not possibly by any stretch of the imagination be grouped in any logical order or according to any homogeneous categories”. The identified articles are the following: Article 145 of the Civil Code (intervention of the judge in case of disagreement between spouses concerning the orientation of family life), Article 244, last paragraph, (illegitimacy action promoted by the special curator of the child aged 16 and over), Article 247, last paragraph, (passive legitimisation in illegitimacy actions in case of death of the presumed father, mother or child), Article 264 par. 2 (authorization given to the child aged 16 and over to lodge an appeal against legitimisation), Article 274 (admissibility of the judicial paternity action), Article 322 (nullity of the actions taken by the parents in the name and on behalf of their underage child without the required authorisations), and Article 323 of the Civil Code (forbidden actions for the parents).

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