International Models of Child Participation in Family Law Proceedings following Parental Separation / Divorce

in The International Journal of Children's Rights
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?

Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.

Help

 

Have Institutional Access?

Login with your institution. Any other coaching guidance?

Connect

This article reports on the findings of a 2009 survey conducted under the auspices of the Childwatch International Research Network about how children’s participation rights, as set out in Articles 12 and 13 of the UNCRC, are respected in private family law proceedings internationally. Court-based and alternative dispute resolution processes and the roles of relevant professionals engaged in child-inclusive practices are considered, as well as religious, indigenous and customary law methods of engaging with children. The findings from the 13 participating countries confirm an increasing international commitment to enhancing children’s participation in family law decision-making, but depict a wide variety of approaches being used to achieve this. Case studies from Australia, India, Israel and New Zealand are included to illustrate differing models of children’s participation currently in use in decision-making processes following parental separation.

Sections
References
  • Australian Bureau of StatisticsFamily Characteristics and Transitions (Australia: Australian Bureau of Statistics2006–2007).

  • BajpaiA.Child Rights in India: Law Policy and Practice (India: OUP2006).

  • BandhopadhyayP.K.Family courts in RajasthanCentral India Law Quarterly 5(2) (1992): 254.

  • Baroness Hale of RichmondChildren’s participation in family law decision-making: Lessons from abroadAustralian Journal of Family Law 20(2) (2006): 119126.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BoshierP.The Child’s Voice in Process: Which Way is Forward? Speech by the Principal Family Court Judge to the Association of Family and Conciliation Courts Annual Conference New Orleans USA 29 May 2009.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BoshierP.TaylorN.J. & SeymourF.Early intervention in New Zealand Family court casesFamily Court Review 49(4) (2011): 818830.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CairnsL.Participation with purpose’. In Children Young People and Social Inclusion: Participation for What?. eds. TisdallE.K.M.DavisJ.M.HillM. (Bristol: The Policy Press2006).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • De VausD.Diversity and Change in Australian Families: Statistical Profiles (2004). Retrieved 1 June 2010 from http://www.aifs.gov.au/institute/pubs/diversity/DiversityAndChange.pdf

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GoldsonJ.Hello I’m a Voice Let Me Talk’ - Child-inclusive Mediation in Family Separation (Wellington: Families Commission Innovative Practice Report No. 1/06 2006).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GoldsonJ. & TaylorN.J.Child-inclusion in dispute resolution in the New Zealand Family CourtNew Zealand Family Law Journal 6(7) (2009): 201209.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GollopM.SmithA.B. & TaylorN.J.Children’s involvement in custody and access arrangements after parental separationChild and Family Law Quarterly 12(4) (2000): 383399.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GrahamA.Life is like the seasons: Responding to change, loss and grief through a peer based education programChildhood Education 80(6) (2004): 317322.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GrahamA. & FitzgeraldR.Exploring the promises and possibilities for children’s participation in family relationship centresFamily Matters 84 (2010): 5360.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Henaghan R.M. ‘Why judges need to know and understand childhood studies’. In Law and Childhood Studies. ed. M. Freeman (Current Legal Issues volume 14 London: Oxford University Press in press).

  • HonigM.How is the child constituted in childhood studies?’. In The Palgrave Handbook of Childhood Studies. eds. QvortrupJ.CorsaroW. & HonigM. (New York: Palgrave Macmillan2009).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • HumphreysC.HoughtonC. & EllisJ.Literature Review: Better Outcomes for Children and Young People Experiencing Domestic Abuse (Scottish Government June 2008).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • JamesA.L.Competition or Integration? The next step in childhood studies?Childhood 17(4) (2010): 485499.

  • KiernanK.Cohabitation and Divorce across Nations and Generations (London: London School of Economics and Political Science2003).

  • LansdownG.The Evolving Capacities of the Child (Florence: UNICEF Innocenti Centre2005).

  • LansdownG.The realisation of children’s participation rights’. In A Handbook of Children and Young People’s Participation: Perspectives from Theory and Practice. eds. Percy-SmithB. & ThomasN. (London: Routledge2010).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • McIntoshJ.WellsY. & LongC.Child-focused and child-inclusive family dispute resolution: One year findings from a prospective study of outcomesJournal of Family Studies 13(1) (2007): 825.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MeltonG.Background for a General Comment on the Right to Participate: Article 12 and Related Provisions of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (Prepared for use by the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child September 2006).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MonkD.Children and the law’. In An Introduction to Childhood Studies (2nd ed.). ed. KehilyM.J. (Berkshire: Open University Press2009).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MoragT.RivkinD. & SorekY.Child participation in the family courts – lessons from the Israeli Pilot projectThe International Journal of Law Policy and the Family (2012) 26(1): 130.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MillI.Conversations with children: A judge’s perspective on meeting the patient before operating on the familyNew Zealand Family Law Journal 6(3) (2008): 7279.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • NewellS.GrahamA. & FitzgeraldR.Results of an International Survey Regarding Children’s Participation in Decision-Making Following Parental Separation’ Report to the Childwatch International Research Network’s Children and the Law Thematic Study Group (Australia: Centre for Children and Young People, Southern Cross University November 2009).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • ParkinsonP. & CashmoreJ.The Voice of a Child in Family Law Disputes (London: Oxford University Press2008).

  • Percy-SmithB. & ThomasN. eds. A Handbook of Children and Young People’s Participation (London: Routledge2010).

  • Practice Note: Lawyer for the Child: Code of Conduct (issued by the New Zealand Principal Family Court Judge 24 March 2011).

  • ProutA. & JamesA.A new paradigm for the sociology of childhood? Provenance, promise and problems’. In Constructing and Reconstructing Childhood. ed. JamesA. & ProutA. (London: Falmer Press1997).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • PryorJ. & RodgersB.Children in Changing Families: Life after Parental Separation (Oxford: Blackwell2001).

  • SchuzR.The right of the child to participate: Theory v Practice in the family courts’ (in Hebrew) The Family in Law (2) (2008): 207271.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • ShochetmanE.Consideration of the wishes of a minor in child custody cases’ (in Hebrew) Netanya Law Review 4 (2005): 545.

  • SmartC.NealeB. & WadeA.The Changing Experience of Childhood (Cambridge: Polity Press2001).

  • SmithA.B.Interpreting and supporting participation rights: Contributions from sociocultural theoryThe International Journal of Children’s Rights 10(1) (2002): 7388.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SmithA.B.TaylorN.J. & GollopM.M. eds. Children’s Voices: Research Policy and Practice (Auckland: Pearson Education2000).

  • SmithA.B.TaylorN.J. & TappP.Rethinking children’s involvement in decision-making after parental separationChildhood 10(2) (2003): 201216.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • TaylorN.J.The voice of children in family lawChildren’s Legal Rights Journal 18(1) (1998): 214.

  • TaylorN.J.Care of Children: Families Dispute Resolution and the Family Court (Dunedin: University of Otago PhD thesis 2005).

  • TaylorN.J.What do we know about involving children and young people in family law decision-making? A research updateAustralian Journal of Family Law 20(2) (2006a): 154178.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • TaylorN.J.Establishment of the New Zealand Family CourtNew Zealand Family Law Journal 5(7) (2006b): 169180.

  • TaylorN.J. & GollopM.Children’s Participation in Family Law Proceedings Research Report for the Childwatch International Children and the Law Study Group (Dunedin: University of Otago Children’s Issues Centre May 2007).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • TaylorN.J.TappP. & HenaghanR.M.Respecting children’s participation in family law proceedingsThe International Journal of Children’s Rights 15(1) (2007): 6182.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • ThéryI.The “Interest of the Child” and the regulation of the post divorce familyInternational Journal of Sociology of Law 14 (1985): 341358.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • TisdallE.K.M.BrayR.MarshallK. Children’s participation in family law proceedings: A step too far or a step too small?Journal of Social Welfare & Family Law 26(1) (2004): 1733.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • UNICEF Fact sheet: The right to participation. (2008a). Retrieved 26 June 2011 from http://www.unicef.org/crc/files/Right-to-Participation.pdf.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • UNICEF Convention on the Rights of the Child. Retreived 26 June 2011 from http://www.unicef.org/crc/index_30177.html.

  • United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child. General Comment No. 12: The Right of the Child to be Heard (Geneva: CRC/C/GC/12 1 July 2009).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • WoodheadM.Childhood studies: Past, present and future’. In An Introduction to Childhood Studies (2nd ed). ed. KehilyM. (London: Open University Press2009).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • YoungL.Children and ‘Family Law”. In Children and the Law in Australia. eds. MonahanG. & YoungL. (Sydney: LexisNexis Butterworths2008).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 24)

    Section 26 Hindu Marriage Act 1955.

Index Card
Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 180 176 15
Full Text Views 254 254 2
PDF Downloads 48 48 1
EPUB Downloads 1 1 0