Realizing Children’s Right to Health

Additional Value of the Optional Protocol on a Communications Procedure for Children

in The International Journal of Children's Rights
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This contribution sketches the background and development of the Optional Protocol on a Communications Procedure for Children under the Convention on the Rights of the Child. It analyzes the additional value of the Optional Protocol for realizing children’s right to health. It does so by analyzing how children’s right to participation is integrated in the Protocol and how this influences the possibility to make complaints on deficits in realizing economic, social and cultural rights, most specifically children’s right to health. It concludes by suggesting ways to strengthen opportunities for children to become actively involved in advocating for their own right to health.

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References

3

In April 2012, the Committee on the Rights of the Child issued a call for submission for preparation of a General Comment on children’s rights and business. See: http://www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/crc/callsubmissionsCRC_BusinessSector.htm. Submissions were received from 28 contributors. See: http://www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/crc/SubmissionsCRCBusinessSector.htm.

10

Y. Lee, ‘Celebrating important milestones for children and their rights’, in International Journal of Children’s Rights, Volume 18, (2010).

11

S. Lembrechts, ‘Wiens klachtrecht? Het kind-concept in het derde Facultatief Protocol bij het Verdrag inzake de Rechten van het kind betreffende de instelling van een communicatieprocedure’, in Tijdschrift voor Jeugd- en Kinderrechten, Issue 2, (2012) 97.

16

Detrick, The Convention on the Rights of the Child: A Guide to the Travaux Préparatoires (Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1992) 23. Chapter on Participants in the Drafting Process.

18

On 28 February 2012, the Optional Protocol on a communications procedure for children was opened for signature in a ceremony in Geneva. It was signed by 20 States, including Brazil, Costa Rica, Peru, Uruguay, Chile, Spain, Italy, Portugal, Austria, Belgium, Germany, Finland, Luxembourg, the Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Serbia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mali and Maldives. Available at: http://www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/crc/OPIC_Ceremony.htm. As of 7 July 2012, 23 States have signed the Protocol: http://treaties.un.org/Pages/ViewDetails.aspx?src=TREATY&mtdsg_no=IV-11-d&chapter=4&lang=en.

28

U.N. Doc A/HRC/8/NGO/6, 26 May 2008.

29

U.N. Doc A/HRC/RES/11/1, 17 June 2009. Resolution of the General Assembly to establish an open-ended working group on an Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child to provide a communications procedure, 17 June 2009.

39

C. Phillips, ‘Klachtrecht bij het Comité inzake de rechten van het Kind’, in Tijdschrift voor Familie- en Jeugdrecht, Issue 4, (April 2012) 93.

51

S. Lembrechts, ‘Wiens klachtrecht? Het kind-concept in het derde Facultatief Protocol bij het Verdrag inzake de Rechten van het Kind betreffende de instelling van een communicatieprocedure’, in Tijdschrift voor Jeugd- en Kinderrechten, Issue 2, (2012).

55

S. Lembrechts, ‘Wiens klachtrecht? Het kind-concept in het derde Facultatief Protocol bij het Verdrag inzake de Rechten van het Kind betreffende de instelling van een communicatieprocedure’, in Tijdschrift voor Jeugd- en Kinderrechten, Issue 2, (2012) 99–103.

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