Australia’s Digital Policy Agenda

Adopting a Children’s Rights Approach

in The International Journal of Children's Rights
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

Children’s engagement with online technologies may seem second nature, yet the impact that the Internet has on their lives is shaped by a powerful public policy agenda that largely overlooks children’s interests. Australia’s digital policy framework is dominated by discourses of safety and risk on the one hand and, on the other, neoliberal arguments about the possibilities for economic growth offered by e-commerce. In the midst of such powerful discourses it is difficult for children’s voices to be heard. This paper offers a close textual analysis of the Australian public policy context for regulating cyberspace. Finding a discursive duopoly that overlooks children’s interests, the author identifies two key features of a rights-based approach to challenge the dominant narratives currently serving the interests of the private sector and the State.

Australia’s Digital Policy Agenda

Adopting a Children’s Rights Approach

in The International Journal of Children's Rights

Sections

References

AltobelliT.Cyber-Abuse – A New Worldwide Threat to Children’s Rights’. Family Law Review48(3) (2010): 459481.

Attorney General’s DepartmentEquipping Australia against Emerging and Evolving Threats. Discussion Paper (CanberraCommonwealth of Australia2012).

Australian Bureau of StatisticsChildren’s Participation in Cultural and Leisure Activities (2006) Cat No 4901.0.

Australian Bureau of StatisticsHousehold Use of Information Technology Australia 2012–13 (2014) Cat No 8146.0.

Australian Communications and Media AuthorityClick and Connect: Young Australians’ Use of Online Social Media (MelbourneCommonwealth of Australia2009).

Australian Communications and Media AuthorityCommunications Report 2010–11 (MelbourneCommonwealth of Australia2011).

Australian Communications and Media AuthorityLike Post Share: Young Australians’ Experiences of Social Media (MelbourneCommonwealth of Australia2013).

Australian Communications and Media AuthorityCyber[Smart] (undated) at http://www.cybersmart.gov.au/.

Australian Crime Commission Submission to the Joint Select Committee On Cyber-Safety (2012) at http://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/House_of_Representatives_Committees?url=jscc/senior_australians/subs.htm.

Australian Federal Police ‘Response to the Public Discussion Paper: Connecting with confidence: optimising Australia’s Digital future’ (2011).

Australian Human Rights Commission Media Release ‘BackMeUp anti-cyberbullying campaign exceeds expectations’ (2012) at http://www.hreoc.gov.au/about/media/media_releases/2012/63_12.html.

Australian Human Rights Commission Media Release ‘Something in Common’ (2013) at http://somethingincommon.gov.au/backmeup.

Australian Parliamentary Joint Select Committee on Cyber-Safety ‘Terms of Reference: Inquiry into Cyber-Safety for Senior Australians’ (2010) at http://aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/House_of_Representatives_Committees?url=/jscc/senior_australians/tor.htm.

Australian Parliamentary Joint Select Committee on Cyber-SafetyHigh-Wire Act: Cyber-safety and the Young (CanberraCommonwealth of Australia2011).

Australian Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and SecurityReport of the Inquiry into Potential Reforms of Australia’s National Security Legislation (CanberraCommonwealth of Australia2013).

BajkowskiJ. ‘Conroy seizes Cyber whitepaper’. Government News (Monday 29 October 2012) at http://www.governmentnews.com.au/2012/10/29/article/Conroy-seizes-Cyber-whitepaper/QMDSHZDJFA.html.

BakerR. K. & WhiteK. M.In Their Own Words: Why Teenagers Don’t Use Social Networking Sites’. Cyberpsychology Behviour and Social Networking 14 (2011): 395398.

Bluett-BoydN.FilebornB.QuadaraA. & MooreS.The role of emerging communication technologies in experiences of sexual violence: A new legal frontier? (MelbourneAustralian Institute of Family Studies2013).

BurchellG.GordonC. & MillerP. The Foucault Effect: Studies in Governmentality. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press1991).

Castan Centre for Human Rights LawSubmission to the Victorian Parliament Inquiry into Sexting (2011) at http://www.parliament.vig.gov.au/lawreform/article/946.

Department of Prime Minister and CabinetConnecting with Confidence: Optimising Australia’s Digital Future (CanberraCommonwealth of Australia2011).

DombrowskiS. C.GischlarK. L. & DurstT.Safeguarding Young People from Cyber Pornography and Cyber Sexual Predation: A Major Dilemma of the Internet’. Child Abuse Review16 (2007): 153-170.

EekelaarJ.The interests of the child and the child’s wishes: the role of dynamic self-determinism’International Journal of Law Policy and the Family8 (1) (1994): 4261.

GearyB.Office of the Child Safety Commissioner Submission to the Victorian Parliament Inquiry Into Sexting (2011a) at http://www.parliament.vig.gov.au/lawreform/article/946.

GearyB.Office of the Child Safety Commissioner Submission to the Australian Parliamentary Joint Select Committee on Cyber-Safety (2011b) at http://ccyp.vic.gov.au/childsafetycommissioner/downloads/submission-cyber-safety-senate-inquiry.pdf.

GibsonW.The Science in Science Fiction’. (audio file) Talk of the nation (30 November 1999) at http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=1067220.

GreenL et al. ‘Risks and safety for Australian children on the Internet: Full findings from the au Kids Online survey of 9-16 year olds and their parents’. Cultural Science4 (1) (2011): 1-73.

HallS.Policing the Crisis: Mugging the State and Law and Order (New York: Holmes and Meier1978).

Hoffmann-EksteinJ et al. Children’s agency in communities: a review of the literature and the policy and practice context (Paddington: The Benevolent Society2008).

Human Rights Act 2004 (act).

Human Rights (Parliamentary Scrutiny) Act 2011 (Cth).

FoundationInspireSubmission to the Joint Select Committee on Cyber-Safety (2011).

KaneD. Director Corporate Security and Investigations/Officer of Internet Trust and Safety Telstra Corporation Transcript of Evidence for the Joint Select Committee on Cyber-Safety (8 July 2011) at http://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/House_of_Representatives_Committees?url=jscc/hearings.htm.

KehilyM. J.An Introduction to Childhood Studies (New York: Open University Press2008).

KendallH.Teenage Sexting: The symptom not the problem’. Right Now (July 29 2012) at http://rightnow.org.au/topics/children-and-youth/teenage-sexting-the-symptom-not-the-problem/.

KlimaN.DornN. & Vander BekenT.Risk calculation and precautionary uncertainty: two configurations within crime assessment’. Crime Law and Social Change 55 (2011): 1531.

Law Reform Commission of Western AustraliaCommunity Protection (Offender Reporting) Act 2004 Final Report (2012) at http://www.lrc.justice.wa.gov.au/P/project_101.aspx.

League of NationsGeneva Declaration of the Rights of the Child. Adopted by the League of Nations on 26 September 1924.

LivingstoneS.A Rationale for Positive Online Content for Children’. Communication Research Trends28 (3) (2008): 1216.

LivingstoneS.Regulating the Internet in the interests of children: Emerging British, European and international approaches’. In The handbook on global media and communication policy. eds. R. Mansell & M. Raboy (Chichester: Wiley 2011a): 505–524.

LivingstoneS. et al. Risks and safety on the Internet: the perspectives of European children: full findings and policy implications from the eu Kids Online survey of 9–16 year olds and their parents in 25 countries. (London: London School of Economics and Political Science2011b).

LivingstoneS.A Global Agenda for Children’s Rights in the Digital Age (New York: UNICEF2013).

LusthausJ.Trust in the world of cybercrime’. Global Crime13 (2) (2012): 7194.

MartinN. & RiceJ.Children’s cyber-safety and protection in Australia: An analysis of community stakeholder views’. Crime Prevention and Community Safety143 (2012) 165181.

Mission AustraliaYouth Survey of 2013 (2013) at https://www.missionaustralia.com.au/what-we-do-to-help-new/young-people/understanding-young-people/annual-youth-survey

National Children’s and Youth Law CentreSubmission to the Victorian Parliament Inquiry Into Sexting (2011) at http://www.parliament.vic.gov.au/lawreform/article/946.

The Nielson CompanyThe Australian Internet and Technology Report – Edition 12 (Sydney: The Nielson Company2010).

PhairN. quoted in ‘Facebook accused of being lax on child porn’. The Age (21 August 2012) at http://www.theage.com.au/technology/technology-news/facebook-accused-of-being-lax-on-child-porn-20120820-24i5v.html#ixzz247y3WFhD.

The Privacy Act 1998 (Cth).

ThirdA et al. Intergenerational attitudes towards Social Networking and Cyber-safety: A living lab (Melbourne: Cooperative Research Centre for Young PeopleTechnology and Wellbeing2011).

ThomasN.Towards a theory of children’s participation’. International Journal of Children’s Rights15 (2) (2007): 199218.

Tutoring Australasia Pty LtdSubmission to the Joint Select Committee on Cyber-Safety (2011).

unicefThe Oslo Challenge The Convention on the Rights of the Child unicef Fact Sheet (1999) at http://www.unicef.org/malaysia/Factsheet-CRC-Oslo-Challenge.pdf.

United NationsUniversal Declaration of Human Rightsga Res 217A (III) un gaor 3rd session 183 plen mtg un Doc A/810 (10December 1948).

United NationsDeclaration of the Rights of the Child. Adopted by General Assembly resolution 1386 (XIV) of 10 December 1959.

United NationsConvention on the Rights of a Child opened for signature 20 November 1987 1577 unts 3 (entered into force 2September 1990).

United NationsUnited Nations Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children child prostitution and child pornography. un gaor 54th sess Agenda Item 116 a un Doc A/res/54/263 (25 May 2000).

United Nations Committee on the Rights of the ChildGeneral Comment No. 5: General measures of implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child 34th sess un Doc crc/gc/2003/5 (19 September – 3 October 2003).

United Nations Human Rights CouncilThe Promotion protection and enjoyment of human rights on the Internetun hrc 20th sess Agenda Item 3 un Doc A/hrc/ 20/L.13 of (5 July 2012).

United Nations Committee on the Rights of the ChildConcluding Observations: Australia 60th sess 1725th mtg un Doc crc/C/aus/CO/4 (28 August 2012).

Victorian Charter of Human Rights and Responsibilities Act2006 (vic).

Victorian Law Reform Commission ‘When sex goes tech’. Law Institute Journal85 (11) (2011).

Victorian Law Reform CommissionInquiry Into Sexting: Final Report (Melbourne: Victorian Law Reform Commission2013).

The voice of youth for the Internet Governance Forum (2011) at http://www.youthigfproject.com/2011nairobi.html.

Victorian Law Reform CommissionSex Offenders Registration: Final Report (Melbourne: Victorian Law Reform Commission2012).

2

Issued in November 1999at a meeting organised by the Norwegian government and the United Nations Children’s Fund (unicef) the Oslo challenge charges that children’s rights be respected by all involved in children’s relationship to the media (unicef 1999).

Information

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 23 23 11
Full Text Views 63 63 56
PDF Downloads 4 4 2
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0