The Moscow Declaration on the Rights of the Child (1918)

A Contribution from the Hidden History of Children’s Rights

in The International Journal of Children's Rights
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The Moscow Declaration on the Rights of the Child, which came into being during the course of the Russian Revolution in 1917–18, thanks to a group of socially and politically engaged pedagogues, exemplifies an emancipatory current in the history of children’s rights. Exploring original sources, the author presents this little-known declaration in detail, explains its political and intellectual background, and commends its impact and historical relevance. He concludes that the declaration provides a valuable contribution to the theory and practice of children’s rights, which deserves enhanced attention.

The Moscow Declaration on the Rights of the Child (1918)

A Contribution from the Hidden History of Children’s Rights

in The International Journal of Children's Rights

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References

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Yet in 1931Makarenko (1964: 498) who was just rising up as a state pedagogue felt compelled to polemicise against such perceptions. ‘The opinions about discipline and about the position of the personality in the collective were borrowed with an affinity towards Rousseau. […] At the education conferences at times rhetoric about the ‘rights of the child’ rang out like abstract discussions about pedagogical ideals based essentially on the ‘Declaration of Human and Civil Rights’ with minimal additions by Tolstoy and the latest European individualism’.

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    K. N. Ventcel‘: Otdelenie shkoly ot gosudarstva i deklaracija prav rebenka, Titlepage Original

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    Assembly of Infants, 1923.

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