Romanian Courts and the un Convention on the Rights of the Child: A Case Study

in The International Journal of Children's Rights
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Romania has been a party to the un Convention on the Rights of the Child (crc), 1989, since 1990, and since then the crc is directly applicable by the courts and other state bodies. For a long time the country struggled to provide adequate protection for the rights of children. Well-known systemic problems affecting Romanian children were institutionalisation, inter-country adoptions, an inadequate child justice system, poverty, and discrimination, to name but a few. This article examines the application of the crc by the courts, and the impact which this has had on the protection of children’s rights in Romania. The selected constitutional and judicial (i.e. ordinary courts) jurisprudence examined in the article shows that courts have only marginally provided impetus for systemic change, but have, however, contributed to the protection of individual rights. A few potential causes for this state of affairs – divided into factors relating to the justice system in Romania and crc-related factors – are discussed.

Romanian Courts and the un Convention on the Rights of the Child: A Case Study

in The International Journal of Children's Rights

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Van Bueren (2007) especially pp. 18–23 discusses several matters in which the ECtHR jurisprudence and the position of the crc Committee which interprets the crc are at odds such as corporal punishment and the right to know one’s identity. Distinguishing features of the two Conventions include the different range of rights protected the different formulation of state obligations and the impact of the general principles of the crc which is gathering momentum in children’s rights litigation (for ilustrations see Liefaard & Doek 2015).

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Selejan-Guţan (2010 pp. 303 309) is more cynical and asks rhetorically whether the reliance on the ECtHR’s case law ‘is an act of free will or of mere obedience to internal and external political factors’ such as the eu integration process and criticism from European institutions.

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Vandenhole (2015) discussing the case of Belgium; Kilkelly (2015) discussing the ECtHR jurisprudence.

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