The Reception of John Calvin’s Work by Petrus van Mastricht (1630–1706)

in Church History and Religious Culture
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Although Petrus van Mastricht (1630–1706) praises John Calvin (1509–1564) as one of the best commentators of Scripture, he rarely refers to Calvin’s work in his Theoretico-practica theologia, and if he does, he conflicts or concurs. This contribution explores the reception of Calvin’s work by Mastricht, thereby focusing on exegetical continuities and discontinuities in their comments on the Psalms. It concludes that Mastricht gives more attention to etymological and philological issues of the Hebrew text than Calvin does, and emphasizes more than him the doctrine of immensity and the concept of the covenant.

The Reception of John Calvin’s Work by Petrus van Mastricht (1630–1706)

in Church History and Religious Culture

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  • 4

    For example MastrichtTheoretico-practica theologia2.2–7 10 (2×) 11 (2×) 12–13 14–16 (3×) 20 (2×) and 23.

  • 11

    Ibid.3.9.8 (p. 374).

  • 12

    Ibid.5.1.2 (p. 391): “per semen illud πληθυντικῶς collectivè intelligunt Christum cum omnibus suis electis sic Calvinus Rivetus Pareus qui in suo Calvino orthodox …”; see also 5.8.1 (p. 476).

  • 13

    Ibid.5.20.22 (p. 545): “Quibus nemo felicius ora obturaverit quam ipse Calvinus Instit. lib. II. c. 16. §. 12. & in Harmon.”

  • 20

    Ibid.2.23.2 (p. 231): “Beatitudinis communicatae ‮נעמות‬ ‮בימינך‬ amaenitates in dextrâ tuâ. Hîc rursus non diffiteor verba posse usurpari de beatitudine Dei: sed tamen etiam de beatitudine creaturarum participatâ.”

  • 24

    Ibid.2.9.2 (p. 117): “Textus habet elogium seu celebrationem quandam Dei cuius argumentum est infinita eius magnitudo. […] Magnus dicitur ‮גדול‬. Refertur vel ad quantitatem vel ad qualitatem […] quod infinitus sit: vel magnitudinem […]. Scil. à magnitudine omnia excedente seu infinitâ […]. Et magnitudinis eius non est investigatio: ‮אין‬ ‮חקר‬.”

  • 34

    Ibid.2.10.2 (p. 122): “Declaret & probet μερισμῷ seu distributione terminorum omnipraesentis huius immensitatis pro triplici distantiae differentia …”

  • 35

    Ibid.2.10.2 (p. 121): “[Q]uibus argumentum Psaltes praestiturus providentiae divinae; Dei immensitatem velut per partes ac terminos delineat.” Ibid. iii p. 122 “Hinc igitur nil clarius pellucet quam quod Deus immensus & omnipraesens sit essentiâ pariter & cognitione iuxta ac operatione; coëxistens omni spacio & omni creaturae in spacio.”

  • 42

    Ibid.2.26.2 (p. 251): “1. Fœdus œconomicum … Ex abrupto introducitur persona secunda loquens nempe idem Rex de quo vers. 6 quales sermonum alternationes non raræ sunt in Cantico aliisque scriptis Poëticis.” This sentence is found verbatim in Poole’s commentary with the reference “Gej[erus].” See Matthew Poole Synopsis criticorum aliorumque Scripturae Sacrae interpretum et commentatorum 5 vols. (London 1669–1676) 2: 509.

  • 46

    Ibid.2.26.2.2.B.1 (p. 251): “Filiatio ‮בני‬ ‮את‬ Filius meus tu supple es. ‮אתה‬ hîc non est pro Vocativo: O Fili mi ut Grotius suis hypothesibus antitrinitariis serviens volebat.”

  • 47

    Ibid.2.26.2 (p. 251): “Ex quo patet tum Filii deitas; tum distinctio personalis inter Patrem & Filium.”

  • 48

    Ibid.2.26.2 (p. 252): “Denotatur dominium Mediatorium ei ex redemptione.”

  • 49

    Ibid.2.9.11 (p. 120): “infinita Dei magnitudo argumentum nobis suppeditat quò infinitis laudibus.”

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