Melchior Leydecker (1642–1721): Reformed Scholasticism of a Catholic Character in Calvin’s Footsteps

in Church History and Religious Culture
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This article argues that the theological position of Melchior Leydecker as a Reformed scholastic theologian is especially characterised by a broad orientation with respect to the theological tradition. He is undoubtedly a theologian in Calvin’s footsteps. At several very important points in his theology, such as the doctrine of Scripture and the doctrine of the Trinity, this is clear. Nevertheless, his orientation with respect to pre-Reformation (scholastic) theology is broader. Leydecker’s position is to be seen and interpreted as an extension of the theological insights of authors like Augustine, Bradwardine, and Turrettini. This conclusion is based upon an examination of some of Leydecker’s principal works in systematic theology, namely his De providentia Dei (1677), Fax veritatis (1677), and Synopsis (1684).

Melchior Leydecker (1642–1721): Reformed Scholasticism of a Catholic Character in Calvin’s Footsteps

in Church History and Religious Culture

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14

Ibid.2.6.23–24. Cf. Leydecker De providentia Dei thesis 41.

19

Bert Loonstra‘De leer van God en Christus in de Nadere Reformatie,’ in Theologische aspecten van de Nadere Reformatieed. Th. Brienen et al. (Zoetermeer 1993) pp. 99–150. Loonstra bases himself for this on Leydecker’s Veritas euangelica (1688) which he considers Leydecker’s main work in the field of the systematic theology. This last point seems debatable to me. I myself would suggest that Leydecker’s Synopsis theologiae christianae (1684) and Fax veritatis (1677) instead deserve this qualification.

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