Introduction

Faithful to the Cross in a Moving World: Late Medieval Carthusians as Devotional Reformers

In: Church History and Religious Culture
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  • 1 University of Groningen
  • 2 Utrecht University
  • 3 3 tom.gaens@twelvemonks.be

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This is the introduction to the thematic issue Faithful to the Cross in a Moving World: Late Medieval Carthusians as Devotional Reformers. The editors discuss how the Carthusian order expanded in the Late Middle Ages and how, in contrast to the first Carthusians, new charterhouses were created in or close to the cities. The introduction studies how this change came about, connecting it to the order's origin in the monastic reform movement of the eleventh and twelfth centuries, the changing economy of piety in the Late Middle Ages, and developing ideas as to what was the best form of religious of religious life.

  • 6

    See, for instance, Dennis D. Martin, “Carthusians as Public Intellectuals: Cloistered Religious as Advisors to lay Elites on the Eve of the Protestant Reformation,” in Reassessing Reform: A Historical Investigation into Church Renewal, ed. Christopher M. Bellitto and David Z. Flanagin (Washington, 2012), 232–253 and, by the same author, Fifteenth-Century Carthusian Reform. The World of Nicholas Kempf [Studies in the history of Christian thought 49] (Leiden, 1992); Frans Hendrickx and Tom Gaens eds., Amo te, sacer ordo Carthusiensis. Jan De Grauwe, passionné de l’ Ordre des Chartreux [Miscellanea Neerlandica 38/Studia Cartusiana 1] (Leuven, 2012); Heinrich Rüthing, Der Kartäuser Heinrich Egher von Kalkar (1328–1408) [Veröffentlichungen des Max-Planck-Instituts für Geschichte 18/Studien zur Germania Sacra 8] (Göttingen, 1967); Stephen J. Molvarec and Tom Gaens ed., A Fish Out of Water? From Contemplative Solitude to Carthusian Involvement in Pastoral Care and Reform Activity [Miscellanea Neerlandica 41/Studia Cartusiana 2] (Leuven, 2013); K. Pansters ed., The Carthusians in the Low Countries. Studies in Monastic History and Heritage [Miscellanea Neerlandica 43/Studia Cartusiana 4] (Leuven, 2014); Kent Emery Jr., Dionysii Cartusiensis. Opera Selecta. Prolegomena. Bibliotheca manuscripta IA–IB: Studia bibliographica, 2 vols. [Corpus christianorum. Continuatio mediaevalis 121–121A] (Turnhout, 1991).

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  • 8

    Tom Gaens and Frans Hendrickx, “Het vaste ritme van verandering. Vijf eeuwen kartuizergeschiedenis in de Nederlanden (1314–1796),” in Het geheim van de stilte. De besloten wereld van de Roermondse kartuizers, ed. Krijn Pansters (Zwolle, 2009), 30–47, 249–253.

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  • 24

    Tom Gaens, “Les chartreux de Zelem lez Diest et la clôture des monastères dépendant du chapitre de Windesheim,” in Liber amicorum James Hogg. Kartäuserforschung 1970–2006. Internationale Tagung Kartause Aggsbach 28.8–1.9.2006, Kartause Mauerbach, ed. Meta Niederkorn-Bruck, 6 vols. [Analecta Cartusiana 210: 1–6] (Salzburg 2007–2008), 1: 133–174; Gaens, “Fons hortorum” (see above, n. 3), 62–67.

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