Fragments of the Northern Routes: The Trade in Chinese Ceramics in the Golden Horde Territories

瓦伦蒂娜-布鲁科莱里 (Valentina Bruccoleri), 北方之路的碎片: 金帐汗国境内的中国陶瓷贸易

瓦倫蒂娜-布魯科萊里 (Valentina Bruccoleri), 北方之路的碎片: 金帳汗國境內的中國陶瓷貿易

ヴァレンティーナ・ブルッコレリ (Valentina Bruccoleri), 北方ルートの断片: ジョチ・ウルス領における中国陶磁器貿易

발렌티나 브루콜레리 (Valentina Bruccoleri), 북방 루트의 일부: 조치울루스 영토의 중국 도자기 무역

Валентина Брукколери (Valentina Bruccoleri), Фрагменты северных путей: торговля китайской керамикой на территории Золотой Орды

In: Crossroads
Valentina Bruccoleri Postdoctoral Fellow, Marco Polo Centre for Global Europe-Asia Connections, Ca’ Foscari University Venice Italy

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The role of Chinese ceramics in the interconnections of the Mongol khanates is not a new subject; however, most studies focus on the artistic exchanges between Yuan China and Ilkhanid Iran. Besides the well-known southern mainland route that linked these two regions, written sources and archaeological evidence also bear witness to intense commercial activity along the northern routes that passed over the Caspian Sea to the Caucasian region, relaying between the major cities of the Golden Horde khanate. The Chinese stoneware and porcelain excavated in some of these cities, including Saray, Saraijuk, Azov, Majar, and Bolgar, have been published among other materials in various excavations reports and articles covering these regions, but have never been considered as a whole. This article aims to provide an initial survey on the presence of fourteenth-century Chinese ceramics in the Golden Horde khanate, draw a preliminary picture of the typologies of the exported wares, and set the basis for further studies in the field.

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