Options for a Compliance Mechanism in a 2015 Climate Agreement

in Climate Law
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As parties to the un Framework Convention on Climate Change move towards developing ‘a Protocol, another legal instrument or an agreed outcome with legal force’ in Paris in 2015, they are also addressing the question whether and in what form to include a compliance mechanism in the Paris agreement. This article explores options for incorporating a compliance mechanism into a 2015 climate agreement.

Options for a Compliance Mechanism in a 2015 Climate Agreement

in Climate Law




Anke Herold‘Experiences with Articles 5, 7, and 8 Defining the Monitoring, Reporting and Verification System under the Kyoto Protocol,’ in Promoting Compliance in an Evolving Climate Regimeedited by Jutta Brunnée Meinhard Doelle and Lavanya Rajamani (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press2012) 122–146.


David G. Victor‘The Operation and Effectiveness of the Montreal Protocol’s Non-Compliance Procedure’ in The Implementation and Effectiveness of International Environmental Commitments: Theory and Practiceedited by David G. Victor Kal Raustiala and Eugene B. Skolnikoff (Cambridge MA London: MIT Press 1998) 137–176; Jonas Tallberg ‘Paths to Compliance: Enforcement Management and the European Union’ 56(3) International Organization (2002) at 609–643.


Sebastian Oberthür‘Die Wirksamkeit von Verrechtlichung: Die Compliance-Mechanismen internationaler Umweltregime’ in Politik und Umweltedited by Klaus Jacob Frank Biermann Per-Olof Busch and Peter H. Feindt (Politische Vierteljahresschrift Sonderheft 39/2007) 73–93.


Francesca R. Jacur‘Triggering Non-Compliance Procedures’ in Non-Compliance Procedures and Mechanisms and the Effectiveness of International Environmental Agreementsedited by Tullio Treves Laura Pineschi Attila Tanzi Cesare Pitea Chiara Ragni and Francesca R. Jacur (The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press 2009) 373–387.


 See also René LefeberAn Inconvenient Responsibility (Utrecht: Eleven2009) at 10–11.


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