As the international community comes to grips with climate destabilization, it has begun to evaluate potentially risky technologies, such as geoengineering, to mitigate the effects of warming. The geoengineering technology known as solar-radiation management (srm) poses many risks. There is also great uncertainty about whether society will decide to deploy srm in the future. Managing these risks and uncertainties requires adaptive governance that will be responsive to new knowledge and changing social systems. We analyse the dimensions of public participation and norm-formation mechanisms of current srm-related legal regimes and governance proposals. We find that there is a need for the social sciences, including legal and governance scholars, to engage with the theoretical and pragmatic challenges of engaging diverse and vulnerable publics fairly and efficiently.
Royal Society, ‘Geoengineering the Climate: Science, Governance and Uncertainty’, Science Policy Centre Report10/09 (2009), and National Academy of Sciences, Advancing the Science of Climate Change (Washington, dc: National Academies Press, 2010).
Clean Air Act Amendments of1990, 42usc 7671–7671q (usc 2012), Pub. L. 101–549, title vi, §602(a), Nov. 15, 1990, 104 Stat. 2649.
In2014, the Wyoming Weather Modification Pilot Program reported the first somewhat positive results from a six-year cloud-seeding study, after a 2003 us National Academy of Sciences study reported that there was little evidence that weather modification reliably worked: David Zook, ‘New Cloud Seeding Study From Wyoming’, High Country News, 27 December 2014, available at <www.hcn.org/articles/a-new-wyoming-cloud-seeding-study>.
Rhode Island H 5480 (2015), <https://legiscan.com/RI/text/H5480/id/1125840>.
D. E. Winickoff and M. B. Brown, ‘Time for a Government Advisory Committee on Geoengineering Research’, Issues in Science and Technology(2013) 79–85, 81.
Brian Merchant, ‘Scientists Propose First Major Framework for Climate Engineering Experiments’, Motherboard, 18 August 2014, <http://motherboard.vice.com/read/the-royal-society-of-london-proposes-framework-for-geoengineering-climate-engineering> (hereinafter Media coverage of Berlin Declaration).