The Party’s Turn to Public Repression: An Analysis of the ‘709’ Crackdown on Human Rights Lawyers in China

in China Law and Society Review
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The intensified and more public repression of civil society in China is part of a global shift toward deepened and technologically smarter dictatorship. This article uses the example of the ‘709’ government campaign against Chinese human rights lawyers to discuss this shift. It argues that the Party-State adopted more public and sophisticated forms of repression in reaction to smarter forms and techniques of human rights advocacy. In contrast to liberal legal advocacy, however, the Party-State’s authoritarian (or neo-totalitarian) propaganda is not bounded by rational argument. It can more fully exploit the potential of the political emotions it creates. Along with other forms of public repression, the crackdown indicates a rise of anti-liberal and anti-rationalist conceptions of law and governance and a return to the romanticisation of power.

The Party’s Turn to Public Repression: An Analysis of the ‘709’ Crackdown on Human Rights Lawyers in China

in China Law and Society Review

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  • Jing Tian (田莹). 2018. 天津二中院回应翟岩民案传言:与事实严重不符 [Tianjin No. 2 Intermediate Court Responds to the Zhai Yanmin Case: Serious Inconsistency with the Facts] 2 August 2018 http://news.sohu.com/20160802/n462274313.shtml.

  • China Institute u.s. . 2015. Anne-Marie Brady - Propaganda and Thought Work in the Xi Jinping Era2 July 2015https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pf2pvH9Qxpo.

  • Veg Sebastian . 2015. New Spaces New Controls: China’s Embryonic Public Sphere Current History September 2015 pp. 203209.

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  • Gong Wang (王工) et al. 2010. 敦请最高人民检察院立即对重庆打黑运动中的刑讯逼供问题依法调查的公开信 [Open letter requesting Supreme People’s Procuracy immediately to open an investigation into the use of torture in the Chongqing anti-mafia campaign] published 23 August 2010 at http://www.gongfa.com/html/gongfaxinwen/201008/23-1347.html.

  • Qiaoling Wang . 2017. Chinese rights lawyer Li Chunfu mentally disturbed and physically ruined after abuse in custody translated by Cao Yaxue ChinaChange 13 January 2017available at https://chinachange.org/2017/01/13/chinese-rights-lawyer-li-chunfu-mentally-disturbed-and-physically-ruined-after-abuse-in-custody/.

  • Ruseng Wang (王如僧). 2017. 中国法院的无罪率数据说明了什么 Nanfang Dushibao 28 November 2017 http://epaper.oeeee.com/epaper/A/html/2017-11/06/content_84109.htm.

  • Yu Wang (王宇). 2017. 王宇、包龙军:致敬!“709”案辩护人! [Wang Yu and Bao Longjun salute the criminal defenders in the 907 cases!] Botan 9 July 2017 https://botanwang.com/articles/201707/%E7%8E%8B%E5%AE%87%E6%9B%9D%E5%85%89%E9%85%B7%E5%88%91%E3%80%80%E6%84%9F%E8%B0%A2%E5%85%B3%E6%B3%A8%E4%BF%83%E5%A4%84%E5%A2%83%E6%94%B9%E5%96%84.html.

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  • Weiquanwang.  2014.  黑龙江省农垦总局法制教育中心(俗称“青龙山洗脑班”以下简称“黑监狱”) [Legal Education Centre of the Heilongjiang Province General Bureau of Farm Reclamation (popularly known as Qinglongshan Brainwashing Class)] at <http://wqw2010.blogspot.co.uk/2014/04/blog-post_2873.html >.

  • Wong Edward. 2016. Clampdown in China restricts 7000 foreign organizations New York Times 28 April 2016 available at <http://www.nytimes.com/2016/04/29/world/asia/china-foreign-ngo-law.html?_r=0>.

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  • Yang Xie and Jiangang Chen . 2017. Transcript of interviews with lawyer Xie Yang (3) – dangling chair beating threatening lives of loved ones and framing others translated by Cao Yaxue ChinaChange 21 January 2017 https://chinachange.org/2017/01/21/transcript-of-interviews-with-lawyer-xie-yang-3-dangling-chair-beating-threatening-lives-of-loved-ones-and-framing-others/.

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  • Xing Bingyin and Liu Hao (邢丙银 刘旌). 2015. 申诉者之江西黄志强案/澎湃独家视频[Huang Zhiqiang one of the complainants (seeking retrial)] 23 May 2015 http://m.thepaper.cn/newsDetail_forward_1334199.

  • Yang Fan (扬帆). 2017. “江天勇案”开庭 家属斥当局自编自导庭审 [Hearing in Jiang Tianyong case: Family criticise it as a self-scripted self-directed courtroom production of the authorities] Radio Free Asia 22 August 2017 http://www.rfa.org/mandarin/yataibaodao/renquanfazhi/yf1-08222017103322.html.

  • Fan Yang . 2016. China Arrests Two Lawyers One Activist on Subversion Charges Radio Free Asia12 January 2016http://www.rfa.org/english/news/china/arrests-01122016125405.html.

  • Yang Fan (扬帆). 2015. 范木根案发生两年 公民苏州聚会声援 [On second anniversary of Fan Mugen case citizens gather in Suzhou to express support]. Radio Free Asia 5 December 2015. http://www.rfa.org/mandarin/yataibaodao/renquanfazhi/yf2-12052015082848.html.

  • Yang Guobin . 2009. The Power of the Internet in China: Citizen Activism Online Columbia University Press 2009.

  • Yuan Yulai (袁裕来). 2015. 办案手记:谢阳律师诉湖南省司法厅案 Lawyer Yuan Yulai’s Blog 22 April 2015 http://yuanyulai.blog.caixin.com/archives/71678.

  • Xueran Zhang . 2012. China’s All-Star Legal Team Pleads for Defendants’ Rights On Social Media Tea Leaf Nation 25 July 2012 at http://tealeafnation.com/2012/07/bilingual-brew-chinas-all-star-legal-team-pleads-for-defendants-rights-on-social-media.

  • Zhao Kiki . 2015. China Clears Police Officer in Death of Unarmed Man but Controversy Isn’t Over New York Times Sinosphere Blog 15 May 2015http://sinosphere.blogs.nytimes.com/2015/05/15/china-police-shooting-xu-chunhe/.

  • Zhongguo Chang’an Net (中国长安网). 2016. 天津二中院回应翟岩民案传言:与事实严重不符 [Tianjjin Second Intermediary Court responds to rumours in ZhaiYanmin case: severe inconsistency with facts] http://news.sohu.com/20160802/n462274313.shtml.

  • Chinese Communist Party Central Committee Decision concerning Some Major Questions in Comprehensively Moving Governing the Country According to the Law Forward 28 October 2014 translated by Rogier Creemers and Jeremy Daum at China Copyright and Media Blog.

  • Criminal Law of the People’s Republic of China; bilingual version available at http://www.npc.gov.cn/englishnpc/Law/2007-12/13/content_1384075.htm.

  • International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (adopted 20 December 2006 entered into force 23 December 2010) 2716 UNTS 3.

  • United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders ‘Basic Principles on the Role of Lawyers 7 September 1990’ available at http://www.ohchr.org/EN/ProfessionalInterest/Pages/RoleOfLawyers.aspx.

  • 中央政法委《关于建立律师参与化解和代理涉法涉诉信访案件制度的意见(试行)》[Party Central Political-Legal Committee Opinion on Establishing a System for Lawyers to Participate in Resolving and Acting as Representatives in Litigation-Related Petitioning Cases (Trial Version)] (10 November 2015) available at <http://www.moj.gov.cn/index/content/2015-11/10/content_6348175.htm?node=7337 >.

  • 中华人民共和国国家安全法 [National Security Law of the People’s Republic of China] passed on 1 July 2015 at the 15th meeting of the Standing Committee of the 12th National People’s Congress.

  • China Human Rights Lawyers Concern Group (CHRLCG)

  • Chinese Human Rights Defenders (CHRD)

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