Civic donation work following the Wenchuan earthquake represents the largest donation initiative and one-time philanthropic undertaking ever in Chinese history. While conducting an in-depth summary of relevant experiences related to this work, it is necessary to provide a careful analysis of the inherent contradictions and questions raised by such a donation initiative. These factors include difficulties and incomplete mechanisms within the donor management system, significant disparities between existing donor policies and their actual operation, and an extremely weak overall sense of philanthropy within modern society as a whole. This is compounded by the absence of a government department in the field of philanthropic work. As such, donors lack the necessary statistical information on which to base their efforts, making compilation of data particularly difficult. These contradictions and issues compel China to accelerate improvements in its philanthropic institutions and mechanisms, such as building statistical information systems, cultivating professionals, establishing grass-roots organizations, and fostering awareness throughout the entire society to improve and hasten the pace of Chinese philanthropic development.