The current studies about the transformation of government-organized foundation (go-foundation) usually focus on “de-administration.” Basing on new institutionalism and resource dependence theory, the study adds substantive rationality to explain go-foundation transformation in China, and chooses 4 typical cases in Lushan earthquake relief in 2013. The study finds that, the go-foundation goes towards two different directions during transformation: one is resource-oriented marketization and the other is value-oriented socialization. Different from enterprises, the influencing factors of foundation transformation not only include the institution system and resources but also inherent philanthropic value.
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