Normative Pluralism

In: Contemporary Pragmatism
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  • 1 Department of Philosophy, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Av. Universidad 3000, Ciudad Universitaria, Coyoacán, 04510, México, Distrito Federal monigomi73@yahoo.com

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This article suggests that an epistemological and ontological pluralist perspective may enable human beings to cooperate each other and live with less injustice. Intercultural cooperation may help for a reformulation of the Human rights in order to consider aspects of different ways of life like the variations of moral, political and judicial norms. I expound that Liberal pluralism does not respond adequately to present day multiculturalism. Additionally, I explain that Human rights are not inclusive norms for all ways of life.

I definitely sustain that some communities do not have to agree to live in the same moral world as others, but, that it is indeed necessary to know each other’s differences so as to be able to respect them.

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  • 1

    Seyla Benhabib, The claims of culture: equality and diversity in the global era (New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2002), Chapter 6.

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  • 2

    José Manuel Bermudo, Filosofía y Globalización (Bogotá: Fundación Ciudad Don Bosco, 2003), Chapter vi.

  • 3

    John Rawls, Political Liberalism (New York: Columbia University Press, 1993), Lecture v, 5.

  • 8

    Bermudo, Filosofía y Globalización, p. 187.

  • 11

    José Manuel Bermudo, Filosofía Polítíca (Barcelona: Ediciones del Serbal, 2005), pp. 178–179.

  • 13

    Bermudo, Filosofía Política, p. 179.

  • 14

    Wittgenstein, Investigaciones Filosóficas, p. 206.

  • 15

    Bermudo, Filosofía Política, pp. 179–180.

  • 22

    Habermas, Verdad y justificación, p. 282.

  • 27

    Chantal Mouffe, The Democratic Paradox (New York: Verso, 2005).

  • 28

    Richard Rorty, Philosophy as Cultural Politics. Philosophical Papers (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007), pp. 42–55.

  • 31

    John Dewey, Theory of Valuation (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1939).

  • 33

    Rorty, El pragmatismo, una versión, p. 218.

  • 36

    Stanley Cavell, The claim of reason. Wittgenstein, skepticism, morality and tragedy. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1979), p. 180.

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  • 39

    Oakeshott, El racionalismo en la política, p. 59.

  • 42

    Wittgenstein, Investigaciones filosóficas, p. 241.

  • 48

    James Tully, Strange Multiplicity. Constitutionalism in an age of diversity (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995), p. 106.

  • 52

    Cavell, The claim of reason, p. 268.

  • 53

    Stanley Cavell, Conditions Handsome and Unhandsome (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1988), p. 24.

  • 54

    Cavell, The claim of reason, pp. 269, 312.

  • 56

    James Tully, “Wittgenstein and Political Philosophy: Understanding Practices of Critical Reflection,” Political Theory, 17, no. 2 (1989): 181–182.

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