Embodied Cognition and Perception: Dewey, Science and Skepticism

In: Contemporary Pragmatism
View More View Less
  • 1 Department of Philosophy, American University in Cairo, auc Avenue, p.o. Box 74, Cairo 11835, Egypt, crippenm@aucegypt.edu

Purchase instant access (PDF download and unlimited online access):

€29.95$34.95

This article examines how Modern theories of mind remain even in some materialistic and hence ontologically anti-dualistic views; and shows how Dewey, anticipating Merleau-Ponty and 4E cognitive scientists, repudiates these theories. Throughout I place Dewey’s thought in the context of scientific inquiry, both recent and historical and including the cognitive as well as traditional sciences; and I show how he incorporated sciences of his day into his thought, while also anticipating enactive cognitive science. While emphasizing Dewey’s continued relevance, my main goal is to show how his scientifically informed account of perception and cognition combats skepticism propagated by certain scientific visions, exacerbated by commonplace notions about mind, that jointly suggest that human beings lack genuine access to reality.

  • Aristotle. 1941. On Dreams. Beare J.I. , trans, in The Basic Works of Aristotle, ed. McKeon Richard (New York: Random House), pp. 618625.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bach-y-Rita Paul . 1983. “Tactile Vision Substitution: Past and future,” International Journal of Neuroscience 19: 2936.

  • Bach-y-Rita Paul . 1984. “The Relationship between Motor Processes and Cognition in Tactile Vision Substitution,” in Cognition and Motor Processes, eds. Sanders A.F. and Prinz W. (New York: Springer), pp. 150159.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bach-y-Rita Paul and Kercel Stephen . 2002. “Sensory Substitution and Augmentation: Incorporating Humans-in-the-Loop” Intellectica 2: 287297.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Chudoba E. 2017. “What Controls and What Is Controlled? Deweyan Aesthetic Experience and Shusterman’s Somatic Experience.” Contemporary Pragmatism 14, page range.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Crippen Matthew . 2010. “William James on Belief: Turning Darwinism against Empiricistic Skepticism,” Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society, 46: 477502.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Crippen Matthew . 2011. “William James and his Darwinian Defense of Freewill.” In 150 Years of Evolution: Darwin’s Impact on Contemporary Thought and Culture, ed. Wheeler Mark (San Diego: San Diego State University Press), pp. 6889.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Crippen Matthew . 2014. “Body Phenomenology, Somaesthetics and Nietzschean Themes in Medieval Art,” Pragmatism Today 5: 4045.

  • Crippen Matthew . 2015. “Pictures, Experiential Learning and Phenomenology,” in Visual Learning, vol. 5: Saying by Showing, Showing by Saying—Pictures, Parables, Paradoxes, eds. Benedek András and Nyiri Kristof (New York: Peter Lang), pp. 8390.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Crippen Matthew . 2016a. “Dewey, Enactivism and Greek Thought,” in Pragmatism and Embodied Cognitive Science: From Bodily Interaction to Symbolic Articulation, eds. Madzia Roman and Jung Matthias (Boston: De Gruyter), pp. 229246.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Crippen Matthew . 2016b. “Dewey on Arts, Sciences and Greek Philosophy,” in Visual Learning: Time, Truth, Tradition, Benedek András and Veszelszki Ágnes (New York: Peter Lang), 153159.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Daugman John . 2001. “Brain Metaphor and Brain Theory,” in Philosophy and the Neurosciences: A Reader, eds. Bechtel William , Mandik Pete , Mundale Jennifer and Stufflebeam Robert (Oxford: Blackwell Publishers), pp. 2336.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Dewey John . 1908. “The Practical Character of Reality,” in Philosophy and civilization [1931] (New York: Minton, Balch and Company), pp. 3556.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Dewey John . 1920. Reconstruction in Philosophy (New York: Henry Holt and Company).

  • Dewey John . 1925. Experience and Nature (Chicago: Open Court Publishing Company).

  • Dewey John . 1929. The Quest for Certainty (New York: Minton, Balch and Company).

  • Dewey John . 1934. Art as Experience (New York: Minton, Balch and Company).

  • Dreyfus Hubert . 2003. Existential Phenomenology and the Brave New World of the Matrix, The Harvard review of Philosophy , 11: 1831.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Galton Francis . 1883. Inquiries into Human Faculty (New York: Macmillan).

  • Gibson J.J. 1979. The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception (Boston: Houghton-Mifflin).

  • Hoffman Donald . 2009. “The Interface Theory of Perception: Natural Selection Drives True Perception to Swift Extinction,” in Object Categorization: Computer and Human Vision Perspectives, eds. Dickinson Sven , Leonardis Aleš , Schiele Bernt and Tarr Michael J. (New York: Cambridge University Press), 148165.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hoffman Donald . 2011. “The Construction of Visual Reality”, in Hallucination: Research and Practice, eds Blom Jan Dirk and Sommer Iris (New York: Springer), pp. 715.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hoffman Donald and Prakash Chetan . 2014. Objects of consciousness, Frontiers in Psychology, 17: n.p.

  • Hutto Daniel and Myin Erik . 2013. Radicalizing Enactivism Basic Minds without Content (Cambridge, ma: mit Press).

  • James William . 1907/1987. Pragmatism, in William James: Writings 1902–1910, ed. Kuklick Bruce (New York: Library of America), pp. 479624.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lakoff George and Johnson Mark 1980. Metaphors We Live By (University of Chicago Press).

  • Lakoff George and Johnson Mark 1999. Philosophy in the Flesh (New York: Basic Books).

  • Merleau-Ponty Maurice . 1945. Phenomenology of perception, trans. Colin Smith [1962] (New York: Routledge and Kegan Paul).

  • Myin Erik and Degenaar Jan . 2014. “Enactive Vision,” in The Routledge Handbook of Embodied Cognition, ed. Shapiro Lawrence (New York: Routledge), pp. 9098.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Nietzsche Friedrich . 1968. The Will To Power [a posthumously published collection of Nietzsche’s working notes], eds. and trans. Kaufmann Walter and Hollingdale R.J. (New York: Vintage Books).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Nyíri Kristof . 2014. Meaning and Motoricity: Essays on Image and Time (New York: Peter Lang).

  • Noë Alva . 2004. Action in Perception (Cambridge, ma: mit Press).

  • Noë Alva . 2009. Out of our heads: Why You Are not Your Brain, and other Lessons from the Biology of Consciousness (New York: Hill and Wang).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • O’Regan Kevin and Noë Alva . 2001. A Sensorimotor Account of Vision and Visual Consciousness, Behavior and Brain Sciences 24: 939973.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Peirce C.S. 1878/1982. “How to Make our Ideas Clear,” in Writings of Charles S. Peirce: A Chronological Edition , Vol. 3, ed. Kloesel Christian (Bloomington: Indiana University Press), pp. 257276.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Rockwell Teed . 2005. Neither Brain nor Ghost: A Nondualist Alternative to the Mind- Brain Identity Theory (Cambridge, ma: mit Press).

  • Rockwell Teed . 2014. “How Computational Neuroscience Revealed that the Pragmatists Were Right,” in Neuroscience, Neurophilosophy and Pragmatism: Brains at Work in the World, eds. Solymosi Tibor and Shook John (New York: Palgrave Macmillan), pp. 5770.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Schulkin Jay . 2004. Bodily Sensibility: Intelligent Action (New York: Oxford University Press).

  • Schulkin Jay . 2016. “Foraging for Coherence in Neuroscience: A Pragmatist Orientation,” Contemporary Pragmatism 13: 128.

  • Solymosi Tibor and Shook John . 2013. “Neuropragmatism: A Neurophilosophical Manifesto.” The European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy, 5: 212234.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Thompson Evan 2007. Mind in life: Biology, Phenomenology, and the Sciences of Mind . (Cambridge, ma: Harvard University Press).

  • Edward Titchener . 1909. Lectures on the Experimental Psychology of the Thought- Processes (New York: Macmillan).

  • Washburn Margaret , 1916. Movement and Mental Imagery: Outlines of a Motor Theory of the Complexer Mental Processes (Boston: Houghton).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Zampini M. and Spence C. 2004. The Role of Auditory Cues in Modulating the Perceived Crispness and Staleness of Potato Chips. Journal of Sensory Studies 19: 347363.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 448 141 6
Full Text Views 241 17 3
PDF Views & Downloads 49 19 1