The Right to Belong and Immigration: A Feminist Pragmatist Analysis

in Contemporary Pragmatism
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?

Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.

Help

 

Have Institutional Access?

Login with your institution. Any other coaching guidance?

Connect

The “right to belong” is a human right in two ways. First, there is the right to belong in a limited sense, i.e., to the extent necessary for individuals to secure all other human rights, such as those recognized by the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Second, there is a deeper aspect of the right to belong, that which is necessary to flourish as a human being. To establish, first, that the right to belong in a limited sense should be a human right, I draw upon Hannah Arendt’s claim that stateless persons are without rights, as only communities can grant them. I argue that this limited level of belonging is a necessary but insufficient condition for human flourishing. Full human flourishing requires belonging on a deeper level. To articulate the nature of this deeper level of belonging I draw on Simone Weil’s definition of the “need for roots” and John Dewey and Jane Addams’ constructions of the self as social. I then show how “belonging” in a deeper sense necessarily connects with how a person is perceived and received by individuals and institutions in a community and argue that full perception by and participation in a community is necessary for humans to flourish. Thus, the right to belong imposes an ethical obligation on other members of the community to perceive undocumented immigrants as full human persons with the potential to lead flourishing lives.

The Right to Belong and Immigration: A Feminist Pragmatist Analysis

in Contemporary Pragmatism
Sections
References
  • Addams Jane . 1916/2002. Democracy and Social Ethics. Chicago: University of Illinois Press.

  • Addams Jane . 1999. Twenty Years at Hull House. Bedford Press.

  • Arendt Hannah . 1948/1994. The Origins of Totalitarianism. New York: Harcourt Press.

  • Dewey John . Art as Experience. The Later Works vol. 10: 1934. Edited by Boydston Jo Ann Southern Illinois University Press1987.

  • Dewey John . Contribution to Encyclopedia of Social Sciences. The Later Works vol. 8 : 1933. Edited by Boydston Jo Ann Southern Illinois University Press 1985 2.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Dewey John . Creative Democracy—The Task Before Us. The Later Works vol. 14: 1939–1941. Edited by Boydston Jo Ann Southern Illinois University Press 1988.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Dewey John . “The Need for the Recovery of Philosophy.” The Middle Works vol. 10: 1916–1917. Edited by Boydston Jo Ann Southern Illinois University Press 1980.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Dewey John . Essays Reviews Miscellany and The Public and Its Problems. The Later Works vol. 2: 1925–1927. Edited by Boydston Jo Ann Southern Illinois University Press1984.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Dewey John . “Search for the Great Community.” Essays Reviews Miscellany and The Public and Its Problems. The Later Works vol. 2: 1925–1927. Edited by Boydston Jo Ann Southern Illinois University Press1984.

    • Export Citation
  • Dewey John . “Time and Individuality.” Essay. The Later Works vol. 14: 1939–1941. Edited by Boydston Jo Ann Southern Illinois University Press 1988.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Fischer Marilyn . 2000. “Jane Addams’s Feminist Ethics” in Presenting Women Philosophers. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Fraser Nancy . 2000. ‘Rethinking Recognition’. New Left Review. Vol 3: 107120.

  • Fraser Nancy . 2001. “Recognition Without Ethics?Theory Culture & Society. 18:2–3: 2142.

  • Honneth Axel . 1995. The Struggle for Recognition: The Grammar of Social Conflicts. Cambridge: Polity.

  • Jordan Miriam and Nixon Ron . 2018. “New ‘Zero-Tolerance’ Policy for Immigrants Crossing Illegally.” The New York Times May 8 2018: A17(L).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • National Immigration Law Center. 2018. “DREAM ACT,” “DREAM ACT Summary,” “DREAM ACT 2017: Summary and Answers to Frequently Asked Questions.” www.nilc.org August 1 2018.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • National Immigration Law Center. 2018. daca”. www.nilc.org, July 10, 2018.

  • Radford Jynnah and Budiman Abby . “Facts on U.S. Immigration 2016: Statistical Portrait of the Foreign-Born Population in the United States.” The Pew Research Center: Hispanic Trends. www.pewhispanic.org/2018/09/14/facts-on-u-s-immigrants. Accessed 30 November 2018.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Seigfried Charlene Haddock . 2004. “Ghosts Walking Underground: Dewey’s Vanishing MetaphysicsTransactions of the Charles Peirce Society (Winter 2004 Vol. xl No. 1) 53–78.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Seigfried Charlene Haddock . 2002. “Introduction to the Illinois Edition” in Democracy and Social Ethics. Chicago: University of Illinois Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Siddiqui Sabrina and Laughland Oliver . 2017. “Trump Plans to Greatly Expand Number of Immigrants Targeted for Deportation.” The Guardian February 212017.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Specia Megan . “United Nations Agrees on Migration Pact, but United States is Conspicuously Absent.” The New York Times June 13 2018.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sullivan Shannon . 2001. Living Across and Through Skins: Transactional Bodies Pragmatism and Feminism. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Taylor Charles . 1994. “The Politics of Recognition.” Multiculturalism: Examining the Politics of Recognition. Ed. Gutmann Amy . Princeton: Princeton University Press: 2573.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • United Nations General Assembly. “Universal Declaration of Human Rights.” United Nations 217 (iii)A 1948. Paris Art. 1. http://www.un-.org/en/universal-declaration-human-rights/. Accessed 21 October 2018.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • United Nations General Assembly. “Status of Ratification of 18 International Human Rights Treaties” and “The Core International Human Rights Instruments and their Monitoring Bodies.” United Nations. https//www.ohchr.org/EN/ProfessionalInterest/Pages/CoreInstruments. Accessed 26 October 2018.

    • Export Citation
  • U.S. Department of Justice Office of Public Affairs. 2018. “Attorney General Announces Zero Tolerance for Criminal Illegal Entry.” U.S. Department of Justice: April 6 2018. https://www.justice.gov/opa/pr.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Vargas José . 2011. “My Life as an Undocumented Immigrant.” New York Times June 26 2011.

  • Viljoen Frans . “International Human Rights Law: A Short History.” UN Chronicle: The Magazine of the United Nations. Vol. xlvi no. 1 & 2. January 2009. Unchronicled.un.org. Accessed 10 November 2018.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Weil Simone . 1952. The Need for Roots: Prelude to a Declaration of Duties Towards Mankind. New York: Ark Paperbacks.

  • Yee Vivian Davis Kenan and Patel Jugal . 2017. “Here’s the Reality about Illegal Immigrants in the United States.” The New York Times March 62017.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
Index Card
Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 41 41 2
Full Text Views 2 2 0
PDF Downloads 1 1 0
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0