Conceptual Blending with moral accounting Metaphors in Christian Exegesis

in Cognitive Semantics
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?

Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.


Have Institutional Access?

Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?


The paper argues for the crucial role of conceptual blending in creating and developing of Christian doctrine. It assumes that typological patristic exegesis of the early Christian period, viewed through the lens of Conceptual Blending Theory, may be regarded as a series of conceptual integration processes, with typological blends as building blocks of Christian doctrine, including the doctrine of salvation. To prove this, the paper discusses selected Adam-Christ typological blends present in the writings of the early Christian authors, seeing in them linguistic realizations of moral accounting metaphor that underlies the doctrine of salvation and demonstrating in this way a key role of conceptual integration in shaping Christian doctrine.



Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture nt Ib, Matthew 14–28. 1998. OdenT. C. and SimonettiManlio (eds.), Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press.

Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture; nt iii, Luke 2003. OdenT. C. and JustArthur A.Jr (eds.), Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press.

Ante-Nicene Fathers. Vols. i-ix. 2004. Philip Schaff (ed.), Grand Rapids, MI: Christian Classics Ethereal Library. Downloadable at:

BarcelonaAntonio. 2003. The metaphorical and metonymic understanding of the trinitarian dogma. International Journal of English Studies 3:127.

BrownPeter. 2000. Augustine of Hippo. A Biography. Berkeley, CA : University of California Press.

DanielouJean. 1960. From Shadows to Reality. Studies in the Biblical Theology of the Fathers. Westminster, MD: The Newman Press.

DesCampMary Therese. 2007. Metaphor and Ideology. Liber Antiquitatum Biblicarum and Literary Methods through a Cognitive Lens. Leiden: Brill.

DesCamp, ThereseMary and SweetserEve. 2005. Metaphors for God: Why and how do our choices matter for humans? The application of contemporary cognitive linguistic research to the debate on God and metaphor. Pastoral Psychology 53: 207238.

FauconnierGilles and TurnerMark. 2002. The Way We Think: Conceptual Blending and the Mind’s Hidden Complexities. New York: Basic Books.

FoulkesFrancis. 1958. The Acts of God. A Study of the Basis of Typology in the Old Testament. London: Tyndale.

GavrilyukPaul L and CoakleySarah. 2012. The Spiritual Senses Perceiving God in Western Christianity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

HartDavid Bentley. 2009. Atheist Delusions: The Christian Revolution and Its Fashionable  Enemies. New Haven& London: Yale University Press.

HauserAlan J. and WatsonDuane F.. 2003. Introduction and overview. In HauserA. J. and WatsonD. F. (eds.), A History of Biblical Interpretation, 155. Grand Rapids, MI : William B. Eerdmans.

HeineRonald E. 2007. Reading the Old Testament with the Ancient Church (Evangelical Ressourcement): Exploring the Formation of Early Christian Thought. Grand Rapids, MI : Baker Academic.

HoweBonnie. 2006. Because You Bear This Name: Conceptual Metaphor and the Moral Meaning of 1 Peter. Leiden: Brill.

HumfressCaroline. 2012. Controversialist: Augustine in combat. In VesseyM. (ed.), A Companion to Augustine, 323335. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.

JäkelOlaf. 2003. How can Mortal Man understand the road he travels? Prospects and problems of the cognitive approach to religious metaphor. In FeyaertsK. (ed.), The Bible through Metaphor and Translation: A Cognitive Semantic Perspective, 55-86. Berlin: Peter Lang.

JohnsonMark. 1993. Moral Imagination. Implications of Cognitive Science for Ethics.Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press.

KannengiesserCharles. 2004. Handbook of Patristic Exegesis: The Bible in Ancient Christianity. Vol. 1. Boston: Brill.

KittelGerhard and FriedrichGerhard (eds.). 1985. Theological Dictionary of the New Testament. Transl. BromileyG. W. . Grand Rapids, MI : William. B. Eerdmans.

KövecsesZoltán. 2008. The biblical story retold. Symbols in action. A cognitive linguistic perspective. In Zic FuchsM. and BrdarM. (eds.), Converging and Diverging Tendencies in Cognitive Linguistics, 325354. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

LakoffGeorge and Mark Johnson. 1999. Philosophy in the Flesh: the Embodied Mind & its Challenge to Western Thought. New York: Basic Books.

LundhaugHugo. 2010. Images of Rebirth: Cognitive Poetics and Transformational Soteriology in the Gospel of Philip and the Exegesis on the Soul. Leiden: Brill.

NietzscheFriedrich 1977. Truth and lie in an extra moral sense. In KaufmannWalter (ed.), The Portable Nietzsche, 4247. New York: Penguin Books.

PelikanJaroslav. 1975. The Christian Tradition: A History of the Development of Doctrine, Vol. 1: The Emergence of the Catholic Tradition (100–600). Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

PfatteicherPhilip H. 2013. Journey into the Heart of God: Living the Liturgical Year. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

RistJohn M. 1993. Augustine on free will and predestination. In E. Fergusson, D. M. Scholer and P. C. Finney (eds.), Doctrines of Human Nature, Sin, Salvation in the Early Church, 180209. New York: Garland.

AugustineSaint. 2008. Confessions. A New Translation by Henry Chadwick. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

SandersE. P. 1995. The Historical Figure of Jesus. London: Penguin Books.

SwainLarry, J. 2014. Moses. A central figure in the New Testament. In J. Beal (ed.) Illuminating Moses. A History of Reception from Exodus to the Renaissance. Leiden-Boston: Brill 59–81.

SweetserEve. 1991. From Etymology to Pragmatics: Metaphorical and Cultural Aspects of Semantic Structure, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

SweetserEve and Gilles Fauconnier. 1996. Cognitive links and domains: Basic aspects of mental space theory. In Fauconnier and E.G., Sweetser (eds.), Spaces, Worlds, and Grammar. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press.

SweetserEve. 2005. An eye for an eye versus turning the other cheek: Moral Accounting in the Gospel of Matthew. Downloadable at:

AugustineSt. 1995. Tractates on the Gospel of John, 112+124. Tractates on the First Epistle of John, transl. John W. Rettig. Washington, d.c.: The Catholic University of America Press.

TannerNorman. 2011. New Short History of the Catholic Church. London: Burns & Oates.

Thaden, Robert H. von Jr. 2014. Pauline rhetorical invention. In GreenJ. B. and HoweB. (eds.), Cognitive Linguistic Explorations in Biblical Studies, 99-120. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.

MaarenVan, John. 2013. The Adam-Christ typology in Paul and its development in the early church fathers. Tyndale Bulletin 64: 275297.

WassellBlake, E. and Stephen R. Llewelyn. 2014. “Fishers of Humans,” the contemporary theory of metaphor, and conceptual blending theory. Journal of Biblical Literature133: 627646.

YoungM. Frances. 2002. Biblical Exegesis and the Formation of Christian Culture. Peabody, MA : Hendrickson Publishers.

YoungM. Frances. 2003. Alexandrian and Antiochene exegesis. In HauserA. J. and WatsonD. F. (eds.), A History of Biblical Interpretation, 334354. Grand Rapids, MI : William B. Eerdmans.



Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 17 17 2
Full Text Views 22 22 7
PDF Downloads 2 2 1
EPUB Downloads 4 4 2