Upgrading Employability of Unemployed as Constructive Individualization

in Comparative Sociology
No Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?

Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.


Have Institutional Access?

Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Unemployment is the major barrier hindering constructive individualization in European societies. The upgrading of the employability of unemployed is an efficient mechanism for reducing destructive impacts of unemployment on individuals and society. The upgrading can be achieved both on the “supply” and the “demand” side of the labor market. How can the upgrading of employability of unemployed be facilitated in order to increase their chances for constructive individualization in working life? A comprehensive answer requires concept development, operationalization of concepts and testing of results. In the article the process is exemplified by references to active labor market policies in Austria and Slovenia. The analysis of similarities and differences between the cases leads to the identification of promising approaches to upgrading the employability of unemployed.

Upgrading Employability of Unemployed as Constructive Individualization

in Comparative Sociology



  • Aktive Arbeitsmarkt-Politik in Österreich 1994–2012. Wien: Bundesministerium für Arbeit Soziales and Konsumentenschutz 2012 Retrieved July 08 2013 http://www.bmask.gv.at/cms/site/attachments/2/7/9/CH2124/CMS1249975678352/dokumentation_aktive_arbeitsmarktpolitik_1994-2012_final_121213.pdf

  • StiftungBertelsmann Bertelsmann Transformation Index 2006 Gütersloh Bertelsmann Stiftung

  • ClasenJochenCleggDaniel Regulating the Risk of Unemployment: National Adaptations to Post-industrial Labour Markets in Europe 2011 Oxford etc. Oxford University Press

  • CrusecJoan E.HastingsPaul D. Handbook of Socialization: Theory and Research 2007 New York Guilford Press

  • European Commission Standard Eurobarometer 78 2012a Brussels EC

  • European Commission Education and Training Monitor 2012 2012b Strasbourg EC SWD (2012) 373 final. Retrieved June 26 2013 http://ec.europa.eu/education/news/rethinking/sw373_en.pdf

  • Fakulteta za uporabne druzbene studije [School of Advanced Social Studies] Slovenski utrip 2013 Ljubljana FUDŠ [Slovenian pulse] March

  • FriehsIngeborg Active Labour Market Policies in Austria 2013 Vienna Public Employment Services Retrieved September 04 2013 http://de.slideshare.net/EESCsocsection/04-ingeborg-friehs

  • GaliJordi Unemployment Fluctuations and Stabilization Policies: A New Keynesian Perspective 2011 Cambridge, MA MIT Press

  • GenovNikolai GenovNikolai “The Challenge of Four Global Trends” Global Trends and Regional Development 2012 New York Routledge 1 23

  • GononPhillippKrausKatrinOelkersJürgenStolzStefanie Work Education and Employability 2008 Bern etc. Peter Lang

  • GreggPaulTomineyEmma The Wage Scar from Youth Unemployment 2004 Bristol: The University of Bristol. cmpo Working Paper Series No. 04/097

  • IgnjatovićMiroljub Mismatch of Labour Market Needs and Skills in Slovenia 2011 Retrieved April 04 2013 http://www.eu-employment-observatory.net/resources/reports/Slovenia-AdhocRequest-MismatchofLMneedsandskillsinSlovenia.pdf

  • International Monetary Fund World Economic Outlook October 2013. Transitions and Tensions 2013 Washington, D.C. International Monetary Fund Retrieved February 02 2014 http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2013/02/

  • JahodaMarieLazarsfeldPaul FelixZeiselHans The Sociography of an Unemployed Community 1972 [1933] London Tavistock

  • Labour Market Policy Slovenia 2011 – final data 2013 Ljubljana Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia Retrieved August 06 2013 http://www.stat.si/eng/novica_prikazi.aspx?id=5270

  • LorenzMaren Vandalismus als Alltagsphänomen 2009 Hamburg Hamburger Edition

  • McQuaidRonald W.LindsayColin ‘The Concept of Employability’ Urban Studies 2005 Vol. 42 No. 2 197 219

  • National Intelligence Council Global Trends 2030: Alternative Worlds 2012 Washington, DC NIC Retrieved February 24 2013

  • Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development Slovenia: Towards a Strategic and Efficient State 2012 Paris OECD Retrieved April 14 2013 http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/governance/oecd-public-governance-reviews-slovenia_9789264173262-en.

  • Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development OECD Economic Survey of Austria 2013a Paris OECD Retrieved December 02 2013 http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/oecd-economic-surveys-austria-2013_eco_surveys-aut-2013-en#page70

  • Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development Better Life Index 2013b Paris OECD Retrieved December 02 2013 http://www.oecdbetterlifeindex.org/countries/slovenia/

  • Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development Better Life Index 2013c Paris OECD Retrieved December 02 2013 http://www.oecdbetterlifeindex.org/countries/austria/

  • ParodiGiulianaSciulliDario Social Exclusion: Short and Long Term Causes and Consequences 2012 Heidelberg Physica-Verlag (Online-Ressource)

  • Progress towards the Lisbon Objectives in Education and Training, Indicators and Benchmarks 2008 Brussels CEC Retrieved October 04 2013 http://ec.europa.eu/education/lifelong-learning-policy/doc/report08/report_en.pdf

  • RoncevicBorutSustersicJanezWostnerPeterValicTamara Besednjak ‘Quo vadis, Slovenia? Between Framework Conditions and Internal Capabilities’ Managing Global Transitions 2010 8 4 353 380

  • SprukViljem Mladi na trg dela [Young people in the labour market] 2013 Ljubljana Zavod Republike Slovenije za zaposlovanje

  • Studiengruppe “International Vergleichende Sozialforschung” Universität Graz & Institut für empirische Sozialforschung Wien Direkte Demokratie in Österreich. Ergebnisse einer repräsentativen Umfrage 2012 Graz/Wien IVS/IFES Retrieved April 26 2013 http://www.ifes.at/sites/default/files/downloads/direkte_demokratie-bericht.pdf

  • ThalmannDanielMusseSoraia Raupp Crowd Simulation 2013 London Springer

  • World Economic Forum The Global Competitiveness Report 2012–2013 2012 Geneva WEF Retrieved May 23 2013 http://reports.weforum.org/global-competitiveness-report-2012-2013/

  • Zakon o interventnih ukrepih na področju trga dela in starševskega varstva /ZIUPTDSV/ [Act on emergency measures in the field of labor market and parental care] 2013 Retrieved September 14 2013 http://zakonodaja.gov.si/rpsi/r05/predpis_ZAKO6715.html


  • View in gallery
    Unemployment rate among age groups 15–64, 15–24 and 25–29 in Slovenia 2002–2012Q4 (in %)
  • View in gallery
    Unemployment rate among age groups 15–64, 15–24 and 25–29 in Austria 2002–2012 Q4(in %)
  • View in gallery
    Factors influencing the upgrading of the employability of unemployed


Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 23 23 2
Full Text Views 178 178 26
PDF Downloads 4 4 0
EPUB Downloads 2 2 0