This article aims to point out that there are still substantial differences between public and private workers. Using the Eurostat Statistical classification of economic activities in the European Community, we define the public workers as those who are employed in Administration, Health and Education. The measure of targeted jobs is provided by the Labour Force Survey (lfs) which is a large sample survey among private households. By following this approach, we can present several significant results. In every European country, public workers have an average aggregate employment tenure higher than private workers, a higher proportion of women and a higher proportion of high skilled workers. Beyond these global differences, we point out that the divide between public and private sector is differently shaped, according to the country and to the social status.
BezesPhilippeLodgeMartinJCN Raadschelders“Historical Legacies and Dynamics of Institutional Change in Civil Service Systems.”The Civil Service in the 21st Century: Comparative Perspectives2007Palgrave Macmillan121136
GiordanoRaffaelaDepaloDomenicoCoutinho PereiraManuelEugèneBrunoPapapetrouEvangeliaPerezJavierReissLukasRoterMojcaThe Public Sector Pay Gap in a Sselection of Euro Area Countries20111406European Central Bank
MassoJaanKrilloKerly“Labour Markets in the Baltic States During the Crisis 2008–2009: The Effect on Different Labour Market Groups”,201179The University of Tartu Faculty of Economics and Business Administration Working Paper