The Number of Parties and Party System Nationalization in an Integrated Analytical Framework

In: Comparative Sociology
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  • 1 Department of Political Sciences and Sociology, European University at St. Petersburg, Gagarinskaya 3, St Petersburg, 191187, Russia

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This study develops a methodological tool for integration of research on party system fragmentation and party system nationalization. The method is built by decomposing a standard indicator of fragmentation, the effective number of parties, into individual-party components (effective size scores), and weighting them by nationalization scores, which allows for disaggregating the number of parties into two distinct components, the effective numbers of national and regional parties. As a result, it becomes possible to assess the influences of substantively important factors upon the components of the number of parties and the overall level of fragmentation in a methodologically consistent, quantifiable way. In addition, the proposed framework of analysis differentiates between direct and indirect effects upon party system fragmentation. A preliminary empirical test on a sample from 90 countries demonstrates that the proposed framework for analysis allows for achieving a rich and nuanced understanding of the factors of party system fragmentation.

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  • 1

    Elections in this analysis: Albania 2009, Angola 2008, Antigua and Barbuda 1999, Argentina 2011, Armenia 2012, Australia 2007, Austria 2008, Azerbaijan 2010, Bahamas 2007, Bangladesh 2008, Barbados 2008, Belize 2012, Bolivia 2005, Bosnia and Herzegovina 2010, Botswana 2004, Brazil 2006, Bulgaria 1997, Cambodia 2013, Canada 2008, Cape Verde 2001, Costa Rica 2006, Croatia 2007, Cyprus 2011, Czech Republic 2006, Denmark 2011, Dominica 2005, Dominican Republic 2006, El Salvador 2008, Equatorial Guinea 1993, Estonia 2003, Finland, 2007, France 2002, Gambia 2007, Germany 2009, Ghana2004, Grenada 1999, Guinea-Bissau 2004, Guyana 2006, Honduras 2001, Hungary 1994, Iceland 2009, India 2004, Indonesia 2004, Ireland 2007, Italy 2008, Jamaica 2002, Japan 1993, Kenya 1997, Liechtenstein 2009, Luxembourg 2009, Macedonia 2008, Malawi 1999, Malaysia 2004, Malta 2008, Mauritius 2010, Mexico 2006, Mozambique 2009, Nepal 2008, New Zealand 2008, Nicaragua 2006, Nigeria 2003, Norway 2009, Pakistan 2008, Panama 2009, Paraguay 2008, Peru 2011, Philippines 2007, Poland 2007, Portugal 2009, Romania 2000, Russia 2003, Seychelles 2007, Singapore 2006, Slovenia 2008, South Africa 2009, South Korea 2000, Spain 2004, Sri Lanka 2010, St. Kitts and Nevis 2010, St. Lucia 2006, Suriname 2010, Sweden 2010, Taiwan 2004, Togo 2007, Trinidad and Tobago 2010, United Kingdom 1997, United States 2006, Uruguay 2009, Zambia 2006, Zimbabwe 2005.

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