Economic Liberalization and Intergenerational Mobility in Occupational Status

in Comparative Sociology
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One of the most important components of post-socialist transition has been economic liberalization. This article inquiries into how the latter is associated with intergenerational mobility in occupational status. Using European Values Studies (evs) data from the nationally representative samples for a large number of post-socialist societies, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (ebrd) index of economic liberalization, and multilevel mixed-effects linear regressions, I test the “meritocracy as functional imperative” perspective which implies that life chances depend on the efficiency considerations of liberalized economy. The derived results are robust to alternative model and variable specifications and suggest that economic liberalization explains cross-national differences in intergenerational status reproduction, and is better suited for macro-sociological models of mobility in occupational status than other conventional contextual explanations such as economic development and income inequality.

Economic Liberalization and Intergenerational Mobility in Occupational Status

in Comparative Sociology

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Figures

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    Effect of parents’ isei from country-level ols regression models
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    Bivariate relationships between Intergenerational isei association and economic liberalization, development and inequality.

    Notes: All derived ols coefficients are statistically significant at the 0.01 level or higher. Two-letter country codes (iso 3166) are employed to describe the countries.

    Source: Author’s calculations based on data from evs (2010) and various macro-data sources described in Table 1.

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    Effects of economic liberalization on the relationship between parental and respondents’ isei scores.

    Notes: Marginal effects are derived from the model with the same specification as in Table 2. Dashed lines show 95% confidence intervals.

    Source: Author’s calculations based on data from evs (2010) and ebrd (2010).

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