Campus Culture Wars and the Sociology of Morality

in Comparative Sociology
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

In 2014 Comparative Sociology published our analysis of microaggression complaints – a comparative and theoretical piece addressing microaggression complaints as a form of social control indicative of a distinct moral culture. The article attracted a surprising amount of attention in popular media, and with this attention came confusion and controversy. Here we respond to popular accounts of our work, addressing common criticisms and confusions as well as the sociological question of why the article produced such strong reactions. We conclude by clarifying the sociology of morality’s role in moral debates and suggesting ways that sociological knowledge can inform debate and guide reform.

Campus Culture Wars and the Sociology of Morality

in Comparative Sociology

Sections

References

  • AlexanderScott “All in All, Another Brick in the Motte.” Slate Star Codex 2014 Blog November 3. Retrieved October 22 2015 (http://slatestarcodex.com/2014/11/03/all-in-all-another-brick-in-the-motte/)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Art of Manliness “Podcast # 153: Microaggressions and the Rise of Vicitmhood Culture.” 2015 Audio Podcast November 8. Retrieved December 11 2015 (http://www.artofmanliness.com/2015/11/08/podcast-153-microaggressions-and-the-rise-of-victimhood-culture/)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • AyersEdward Vengeance and Justice: Crime and Punishment in the 19th-Century American South 1984 New York Oxford University Press

  • BaileyRonald “Victimhood Culture in America: Beyond Honor and Dignity.” Reason 2015 September 11 Retrieved October 22 2015 (https://reason.com/blog/2015/09/11/victimhood-culture-in-america-beyond-dig)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BarbashFred “The War on ‘Microaggressions’: Has It Created a ‘Victimhood Culture’ on Campuses?” Washington Post 2015 October 28 Retrieved December 12 2015 (https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/morning-mix/wp/2015/10/28/the-war-over-words-literally-on-some-american-campuses-where-asking-where-are-you-from-is-a-microaggression/)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BaumgartnerM.P. BlackDonald “Social Control From Below.” Toward a General Theory of Social Control 1984 Volume 1 Orlando Academic Press 303 345 Fundamentals

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BeckerHoward S. Outsiders: Studies in the Sociology of Deviance 1963 New York The Free Press

  • BlackDonald The Behavior of Law 1976 San Diego Academic Press

  • BlackDonald Sociological Justice 1989 New York Oxford University Press

  • BlackDonald “The Epistemology of Pure Sociology.” Law and Social Inquiry 1995 20 3 829 870

  • BlackDonald “Dreams of Pure Sociology.” Sociological Theory 2000 18 3 343 367

  • BlackDonald Moral Time 2011 New York Oxford University Press

  • BlackDonald “On the Almost Inconceivable Misunderstandings Concerningthe Subject of Value-Free Social Science.” The British Journal of Sociology 2013 64 4 763 780

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BloorDavid Knowledge and Social Imagery. 1976 Boston Routledge and Kegan Paul

  • Brigham Young University Radio “The Matt Townsend Show,” 2015 Audio Podcast September 29. Retrieved November 3 2015 (http://www.byuradio.org/episode/afc34ea7-0ae0-4f68-8beb-18b0dd9c0c77?playhead=820&autoplay=true)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CampbellBradley “Anti-Minotaur: The Myth of a Sociological Morality.” Society 2014a 51 5 443 451

  • CampbellBradley “Sociology, Morality, and Social Solidarity: On Christian Smith’s Sacred Project of American Sociology.” Altruism Morality and Social Solidarity Forum: Newsletter of the AMSS Section of the American Sociological Association 2014b 5 4 4 8

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CampbellBradley The Geometry of Genocide: A Study in Pure Sociology 2015 Charlottesville, VA University of Virginia Press

  • CampbellBradleyManningJason “Microaggression and Moral Cultures.” Comparative Sociology 2014 13 6 692 726

  • CampbellBradleyManningJason “Microaggression and Changing Moral Cultures.” The Chronicle of Higher Education 2015a July 9 Retrieved October 21 2015 (http://chronicle.com/article/MicroaggressionChanging/231395/)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CampbellBradleyManningJason “Campbell and Manning Respond to Readers’ Comments.” 2015b Guest Post on Jonathan Haidt’s Righteous Mind Blog September 15. Retrieved October 22 2015 (http://righteousmind.com/campbell-and-manning-respond-to-readers-comments/)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CampbellBradleyManningJason “The New Millennial ‘Morality’: Highly Sensitive and Easily Offended.” Time 2015c November 17 Retrieved December 11 2015 (http://time.com/4115439/student-protests-microaggressions/)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • ChaitJonathan “Not a Very P.C. Thing to Say: How the Language Police Are Perverting Liberalism.” New York Magazine 2015 January 27 Retrieved October 22 2015 (http://nymag.com/daily/intelligencer/2015/01/not-a-very-pc-thing-to-say.html)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CooneyMark Warriors and Peacemakers: How Third Parties Shape Violence 1998 New York New York University Press

  • CooneyMark Is Killing Wrong?: A Study in Pure Sociology 2009 Charlottesville, VA University of Virginia Press

  • CooneyMark WrightRichard “Honor cultures and violence.” Oxford Bibliographies Online 2012 New York Oxford University Press doi: 10.1093/obo/9780195396607-0160

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CooneyMark “Family Honour and Social Time.” The Sociological Review 2014 62 S2 87 106

  • CoyneJeremy A. “Halloween-Costume Fracas Spreads to My University.” Why Evolution is True 2015 Blog. Retrieved December 11 2015 (https://whyevolutionistrue.wordpress.com/2015/11/18/halloween-costume-fracas-spreads-to-my-university/)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • DavoranErin “Guest Column: Women Can’t Be Sexist.” The Post 2015 Retrieved October 22 2015 (http://www.thepostathens.com/opinion/guest-column-women-can-t-be-sexist/article_5c378728-cb5b-11e4-a44d-27a1b52d655c.html?mode=jqm)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Dean-JohnsonLiamDunbarAidanGorodilovaAnastasiyaSedivyNicoShiverMadison “Dean-Jonson ’16, Dunbar ’16, Gorodilova ’16, Sedivy ’17, Shiver ’17: On Whiteness, Free Speech and Missing the Point.” The Brown Daily Herald 2015 October 19 Retrieved October 22 2015 (http://www.browndailyherald.com/2015/10/19/dean-johnson-16-dunbar-16-gorodilova-16-sedivy-17-shiver-17-on-whiteness-free-speech-and-missing-the-point/)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • DuarteJose L.CrawfordJarret T.SternCharlottaHaidtJonathanJussimLeeTetlockPhilip E. “Political Diversity Will Improve Social Psychological Science.” Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2015 38 doi:10.1017/S0140525X14000430

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • DurkheimEmile The Rules of the Sociological Method and Selected Texts on Sociology and Its Method 1982 New York Free Press

  • DurkheimEmile The Division of Labor in Society 1984 New York The Free Press

  • ElsbachKimberly D.SuttonRobert I. “Acquiring Institutional Legitimacy Through Illegitimate Actions: A Marriage of Institutional and Impression Management Theories.” Academy of Management Journal 1992 35 4 699 738

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • EtzioniAmitai “Don’t Sweat the Microaggressions.” The Atlantic 2014 April 8 Retrieved October 22 2015 (http://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2014/04/dont-sweat-the-microaggressions/360278/)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FriedersdorfConor “The Rise of Victimhood Culture.” The Atlantic 2015a September 11 Retrieved October 21 2015 (http://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2015/09/the-rise-of-victimhood-culture/404794/)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FriedersdorfConor “Why Critics of the ‘Microaggressions’ Framework Are Skeptical.” The Atlantic 2015b September 14 Retrieved October 21 2015 (http://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2015/09/why-critics-of-the-microaggressions-framework-are-skeptical/405106/)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FriedersdorfConor “Readers Lament the Rise of Victimhood Culture.” The Atlantic 2015c September 18 Retrieved October 21 2015 (http://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2015/09/readers-lament-the-rise-of-victimhood-culture/405784/)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FriedersdorfConor “Is ‘Victimhood Culture’ a Fair Description?” The Atlantic 2015d September 19 Retrieved October 21 2015 (http://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2015/09/the-problems-with-the-term-victimhood-culture/406057/)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GaudeEddie S.Jr. “What Happened in Missouri Puts the Nation on Notice.” Time 2015 November 10 Retrieved December 11 2015 (http://time.com/4106572/missouri-more-student-protests/)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GinsbergBenjamin The Fall of the Faculty: The Rise of the All-Administrative University and Why It Matters 2011 New York Oxford University Press

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GrossNeilFosseEthan “Why Are Professors Liberal?” Theory and Society 2012 41 127 168

  • HaidtJonathan The Righteous Mind: Why Good People Are Divided by Politics and Religion 2010 New York Pantheon Books

  • HaidtJonathan “Where Microaggressions Really Come From.” Righteous Mind 2015a Blog September 7. Retrieved November 6 2015. (http://righteousmind.com/where-microaggressions-really-come-from/)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • HaidtJonathan “Coddle U Vs. Strengthen U: What a Great University Should Be.” Righteous Mind 2015b Blog October 6. Retrieved October 23 2015 (http://righteousmind.com/coddle-u-vs-strengthen-u/)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • HallAllan “‘I’m Too Young to Die’: Chilling Last Words of Gang Rape Victim ‘Butchered by Her Own Family in Honour Killing.’” Mirror 2015 October 7 Retrieved October 21 2015 (http://www.mirror.co.uk/news/world-news/im-young-die-chilling-last-6589673)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • HartocollisAnemonaBidgoodJess “Racial Discrimination Protests Ignite at Colleges Across the us. 2015 The New York Times November 11. Retrieved December 11 2015 (http://www.nytimes.com/2015/11/12/us/racial-discrimination-protests-ignite-at-colleges-across-the-us.html?_r=1)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • HassonPeter “Updated: Clemson University Apologizes for Serving Mexican Food.” Campus Reform 2015a October 9 Retrieved October 21 2015 (http://www.campusreform.org/?ID=6873)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • HassonPeter “UWM says ‘Politically Correct’ is No Longer Politically Correct.” 2015b Campus Reform October 21. Retrieved November 9 2015 (http://www.campusreform.org/?ID=6907)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • HayashiAkikoTobinJoseph “The Japanese Preschool’s Pedagogy of Peripheral Participation.” Ethos 2011 39 2 139 164

  • HorwitzSteven “Cooperation over Coercion: The Importance of Unsupervised Childhood Play for Democracy and Liberalism.” Cosmos + Taxis Forthcoming Retrieved October 23 2015 (http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2621848)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • HunterJames Davison Culture Wars: The Struggle to Define America 1991 New York Basic Books

  • JacobsAlan “On Microaggressions and Administrative Power.” The New Atlantis 2015 September 11 Retrieved October 23 2015 (http://text-patterns.thenewatlantis.com/2015/09/on-micro-aggressions-and-administrative.html)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • kabc Radio The Peter Tilden Show 2015 Audio Podcast November 12. Retrieved December 12 2015 (https://audioboom.com/boos/3806896-peter-tilden-11-12-2015-11am?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+KABCPeterTilden+%28The+Peter+Tilden+Show%29&utm_content=FeedBurner)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • KornSandra Y.L. “The Doctrine of Academic Freedom.” The Harvard Crimson 2014 February 18 Retrieved October 22 2015 (http://www.thecrimson.com/column/the-red-line/article/2014/2/18/academic-freedom-justice/?page=single#)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LeovyJill Ghettoside: A True Story of Murder in America 2015 New York Spiegel & Grau

  • LeungAngela K.Y.CohenDov “Within- and Between-Culture Variation: Individual Differences and the Cultural Logics of Honor, Face, and Dignity Cultures.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 2011 100 3 507 526

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LukianoffGreg Unlearning Liberty: Campus Censorship and the End of American Debate 2014 New York Encounter Books

  • LukianoffGregHaidtJonathan “The Coddling of the American Mind.” The Atlantic 2015 September Retrieved October 22 2015 (http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2015/09/the-coddling-of-the-american-mind/399356/)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MacDonaldHeather “Multiculti U.” City Journal 2013 Spring Retrieved October 21 2015 (http://www.city-journal.org/2013/23_2_multiculti-university.html)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • ManningJason “Suicide as Social Control.” Sociological Forum 2012 27 1 207 227

  • ManningJason DeflemMathieu “Suicide Attacks and the Social Structure of Sacrifice.” Terrorism and Counterterrorism Today 2015 Bingley, England Emerald Press 151 171

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MargolisJacob “Claremont McKenna College Update: Dean Resigns After Protests.” 89.3 KPPC 2015 November 12 Retrieved December 12 2015 (http://www.scpr.org/news/2015/11/12/55617/claremont-mckenna-college-dean-resigns-after-stude/)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • McArdleMegan “How Grown-Ups Deal with Microaggressions.” Bloomberg View 2015 September 11 Retrieved October 21 2015 (http://www.bloombergview.com/articles/2015-09-11/how-grown-ups-deal-with-microaggressions-)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • McWhorterJohn “‘Microaggression’ Is the New Racism on Campus.” Time 2014 March 21 Retrieved October 22 2015 (http://time.com/32618/microaggression-is-the-new-racism-on-campus/)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MoyerJustin Wm “‘Sweat Shaming’: A Woman’s Workout Humiliation.” Washington Post 2015a October 1 Retrieved October 21 2015 (http://www.washingtonpost.com/news/morning-mix/wp/2015/10/01/sweat-shaming-a-womans-workout-humiliation/)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MoyerJustin Wm “University Yoga Class Cancelled Because of ‘Oppression, Cultural Genocide.’” Washington Post 2015b November 23 Retrieved January 7 2016 (https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/morning-mix/wp/2015/11/23/university-yoga-class-canceled-because-of-oppression-cultural-genocide/)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MukhopadhyaySamhita “Stop Complaining about Victimhood Culture.” Al Jazeera America 2015 October 8 Retrieved October 21 2015 (http://america.aljazeera.com/opinions/2015/10/stop-complaining-about-victimhood-culture.html)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • National Public Radio “Sociologist: Open Discussion of Microaggressions Reflect Cultural Shift.” Here & Now 2015 Audio Podcast September 28. Retrieved November 3 2015 (http://hereandnow.wbur.org/2015/09/28/microaggressions-cultural-shift)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • NeffBlake “University Officer: Minority Women Can’t Be Racist.” The Daily Caller 2015 May 12 2015. Retrieved October 22 2015 (http://dailycaller.com/2015/05/12/university-diversity-officer-minority-women-cant-be-racist/)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • NelsonLibby “Obama on Liberal College Students Who Want to Be ‘Coddled’: That’s Not the Way We Learn.” Vox 2015 September 14 Retrieved October 22 2015 (http://www.vox.com/2015/9/14/9326965/obama-political-correctness)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • NelsonSteven “Missouri Police Solicit Reports on ‘Hurtful’ Speech, Startling Scholars.” 2015 us News and World Report November 11. Retrieved December 11 2015. (http://www.usnews.com/news/articles/2015/11/11/missouri-police-solicit-reports-on-hurtful-speech-startling-scholars)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • NietzscheFriedrich On the Genealogy of Morality 1998 Indianapolis Hackett Publishing

  • NisbettRobert A.CohenDov Culture of Honor: The Psychology of Violence in the South 1996 Boulder Westview Press

  • PetersMark “Shame on Everyone.” Slate 2013 October 20 Retrieved October 21 2015 (http://www.slate.com/articles/life/the_good_word/2013/10/stop_calling_all_criticism_shaming.html)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • PoppEvan “IC SGA Passes Bill to Create System to Report Microaggressions.” The Ithacan 2015 March 18 Retrieved October 21 2015 (http://theithacan.org/news/ic-sga-passes-bill-to-create-system-to-report-microaggressions/)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • RauchJonathan Kindly Inquisitors: The New Attacks on Free Thought 2014 Chicago University of Chicago Press (Expanded edition)

  • ReidAlex “Microaggression, Victimhood, and Digital Culture.” Digital Digs 2015 Blog September 20. Retrieved December 14 2015 (http://alex-reid.net/2015/09/microaggression-victimhood-and-digital-culture.html)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • RiniRegina “Microaggression, Macro Harm.” Los Angeles Times 2015 October 12 Retrieved October 21 2015 (http://www.latimes.com/opinion/op-ed/la-oe-1012-rini-microaggression-solidarity-20151012-story.html)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SevernRuth “Departments State Support for Student Group, Group Calls for Wolfe’s Resignation.” Missourian 2015 October 21 Retrieved December 11 2015. (http://www.columbiamissourian.com/news/higher_education/departments-state-support-for-student-group-group-calls-for-wolfe/article_c46ec73e-7849-11e5-9edf-cf7d6918f57f.html)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • ShackelNicholas “The Vacuity of Postmodernist Methodology.” Metaphilosophy 2005 36 295 320

  • SingalJesse “Have Microaggression Complaints Really Launched a Whole New Sort of ‘Victimhood Culture’?” New York Magazine 2015 September 14 Retrieved October 21 2015 (http://nymag.com/scienceofus/2015/09/microaggression-complaints-and-victimhood.html#)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SkenazyLenore Free-Range Kids: Giving Our Children the Freedom We Had without Going Nuts with Worry 2009 San Francisco Jossey-Bass

  • SnowDavid A. “A Dramaturgical Analysis of Movement Accommodation: Building Idiosyncrasy Credit as a Movement Mobilization Strategy.” Symbolic Interaction 1979 2 23 24

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SoaveRobby “Exclusive: Occidental Professors Voting to Give Power to Students to Report Them for Microaggression.” Reason 2015 November 23 Retrieved December 11 2015 (https://reason.com/blog/2015/11/23/exclusive-occidental-faculty-voting-to-g)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Southern California Public Radio “The Future of Speech and ‘Microaggressions’ on College Campuses.” The Larry Mantle Show 2015 Audio Podcast October 6. Retrieved November 5 2015 (http://www.scpr.org/events/2015/10/06/1799/the-future-of-speech-and-microaggressions/)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Stanley-BeckerIsaac “Hundreds March at Yale in Solidarity with Minority Students.” The Washington Post 2015 November 9 Retrieved December 11 2015 (https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/grade-point/wp/2015/11/09/hundreds-march-at-yale-in-solidarity-with-minority-students/)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • VolokhEugene “UC Teaching Faculty Members Not to Criticize Race-Based Affirmative Action, Call America ‘Melting Pot,’ and More.” Washington Post 2015a June 16 Retrieved October 21 2015 (https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/volokh-conspiracy/wp/2015/06/16/uc-teaching-faculty-members-not-to-criticize-race-based-affirmative-action-call-america-melting-pot-and-more/)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • VolokhEugene “University of California Considering Recognizing a ‘Right’ to Be “Free from . . . Expressions of Intolerance.” Washington Post 2015b September 11 Retrieved October 21 2015. (https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/volokh-conspiracy/wp/2015/09/11/university-of-california-considering-recognizing-a-right-to-be-free-from-expressions-of-intolerance/)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • WatanabeTeresaSongJason “College Students Confront Subtler Forms of Bias: Slights and Snubs.” Los Angeles Times 2015 November 12 Retrieved December 12 2015 (http://www.latimes.com/local/education/la-me-college-microaggression-20151112-story.html)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • WayneTeddy “The Microcomplaint: Nothing Too Small to Whine About.” New York Times 2015 November 13 Retrieved December 12 2015 (http://www.nytimes.com/2015/11/15/fashion/the-microcomplaint-nothing-too-small-to-whine-about.html?_r=0)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • WeberMax GerthH.H.Wright MillsC. “Science as a Vocation.” From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology 1958 New York Oxford University Press 129 156

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • WillGeorge “Subprime College Educations.” Washington Post 2012 June 8 Retrieved October 21 2015 (https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/george-will-subprime-college-educations/2012/06/08/gJQA4fGiOV_story.html)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • WolvenNick “Woman’s Tears: Victim Culture, Microaggressions, and Feminism.” Nick Wolven’s Place 2015 Blog September 23. Retrieved November 10 2015 (http://www.nickthewolven.com/?p=63)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • WorlandJustin “Why Free Speech Fight is Causing Protests at Yale.” Time 2015 November 10 Retrieved December 11 2015 (http://time.com/4106265/yale-students-protest/)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8

    As English professor Alexander Reid (2015) puts it “In an all-too-predictable social media irony the response to Friedersdorf’s first article is to claim injury over the microaggression in the term ‘victimhood culture.’”

Index Card

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 307 307 41
Full Text Views 336 336 1
PDF Downloads 31 31 0
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0