Zooplankton in Laguna Lejía, a high-altitude Andean shallow lake of the Puna in northern Chile

in Crustaceana
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

The Puna is a high altitude ecosystem of the Central Andes located in the desert plateaus above 3500 m a.s.l. that covers parts of north-eastern Chile, north-western Argentina, south-eastern Peru and mid-western Bolivia. It is characterised by the presence of endorheic basins. Laguna Lejía is an oligohaline shallow lake with alkaline pH, located in the Atacama Puna above 4000 m a.s.l. It is surrounded by volcanoes and enclosed in a secluded basin that is of great scientific interest, due to its ecological insularity. It has been designated by the government as a priority site for biodiversity conservation. The object of this study was to analyse the specific composition and the structure of the zooplankton community in this shallow, high altitude lake. In March 2012, zooplankton samples were taken for qualitative and quantitative analysis from 13 sampling stations in the lake and two adjacent pools. The bodies of water were characterised in the field using portable equipment, with the following parameters being measured: pH, water temperature, conductivity, and dissolved oxygen. The results indicate that the type of zooplankton community matches relatively well that observed in other low salinity, high Andean wetlands, although no calanoid copepods were found. The species found have been reported for high Andean zones and shallow lakes in countries bordering Chile. The absence of species with wide geographical distribution specific for low salinity, high Andean environments, is presumably due to the presence of geographical and environmental barriers that prevent colonization by those species.

Zooplankton in Laguna Lejía, a high-altitude Andean shallow lake of the Puna in northern Chile

in Crustaceana

Sections

References

ArayaJ. M.ZúñigaL. R.1985. Manual taxonómico del zooplankton lacustre de Chile. Boletín Limnológico Universidad Austral de Chile8: 1-110.

BaylyI. A. E.1992. Fusion of the genera Boeckella and Pseudoboeckella (Copepoda) and revision of their species from South America and sub-Antartic islands. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural65: 17-63.

De los RíosP.GajardoG.2010. A null model for explain zooplankton species associations in saline lakes of the South American altiplano (14-27°S). Crustaceana83: 769-777.

De los Ríos-EscalanteP.2010. Crustacean zooplankton communities in Chilean inland waters. Crustaceana Monographs 12: 1-109.

Di CastriF.HajekE. R.1976. Bioclimatología de Chile. Universidad Católica de Chile 163 pp. available online at http://grn.cl/bioclimatologia_de_chile.pdf

FerrandoF. J.1992-1993. Clasificación hidrodinámica de Chile. Cuadernos de Investigación Geográfica (Spain)18-19: 57-74.

GarcíaF.1967. Geología del Norte Grande de Chile. (E.N.A.P.Santiago).

GardewegM.SparksR.MatthewsS.1998. Evolution of Lascar volcano, northern Chile. Journal of the Geological Society155: 89-104.

GotelliN. J.2000. Null models of species co-occurrence patterns. Ecology81: 2606-2621.

GotelliN. J.EtsmingerG. L.2007. Ecosim: null models software for ecology. Version 7. Acquired Intelligence and Kesey-Bear. Jericho VT available online at http://garyentsminger.com/ecosim.htm

GrosjeanM.1994. Paleohydrology of the Laguna Lejía (north Chilean Altiplano) and climatic implications for late-glacial times. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology109: 89-100.

GrosjeanM.1995. Late quaternary geology and hydrology of Laguna Lejía (north Chilean Altiplano) and Paleoclimatic Implications. In: SaezA. (ed.) Cenozoic and Quaternary lacustrine systems in northern Chile (Central Andes Arc and Fore-Arc zones): 63-68. IGCP324. (GLOPALS-IASAntofagasta, Chile).

GrosjeanM.GeyhM. A.MesserliB.SchottererU.1995. Late-glacial and early Holocene lake sediments, groundwater formation and climate in the Atacama Altiplano. Journal of Paleolimnology14: 241-252.

HannB. J.1986. Revision of the genus Daphniopsis Sars 1903 (Cladocera-Daphnidae) and a description of Daphniopsis chilensis, new species, from South America. Journal of Crustacean Biology6: 246-263.

KlohnW.1972. Hidrografía de las zonas desérticas de Chile. In: J. Burz (ed.) Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo. Chile.

Locascio de MitrovichC.Villagra de GamundiA.JuarezJ.CeraoloM.2005. Características limnológicas y zooplancton de cinco lagunas de la Puna Argentina. Ecología en Bolivia40: 10-24.

LuebertF.GajardoR.2000. Vegetación de los Andes áridos del norte de Chile. Lazaroa21: 111-130.

LuebertF.PliscoffP.2006. Sinopsis bioclimática y vegetacional de Chile. (Editorial UniversitariaSantiago).

MarquetP. A.BozinovicF.BradshawG. A.CorneliusC.GonzalezH.GutierrezJ. R.HajekE. R.LagosJ. A.López-CortésF.NúñezL.RoselloE. F.SantoroC.SamaniegoH.StandenV. G.Torres-MuraJ. C.JaksicF.1998. Los ecosistemas del Desierto de Atacama y área andina adyacente en el norte de Chile. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural71: 593-617.

Mc AleeceN.LambsheadJ.PattersonG.GageJ.1997. Biodiversity Pro: free statistical software for ecology. The Natural History Museum and Scottish Association for Marine Science.

RisacherF.AlonsoH.SalazarC.1998. Geoquímica de aguas en cuencas cerradas. I II y III Regiones de Chile: 1-89. (Ministerio de Obras Públicas Universidad Católica del Norte Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (Ex Orstom) Dirección General de Aguas). S.I.T. N 51.

SotoD.De los RíosP.2006. Trophic status and conductitivity as regulators of daphnids dominance and zooplankton assemblages in lakes and ponds of Torres del Paine National Park. Biologia Bratislava61: 541-546.

TrollC.1968. Geo-ecology of the mountain regions of the tropical Americas. Colloquium Geographicum Vol. 9. (Geographisches Institut der Universität BonnBonn).

VillalobosL.1994. Distribution of Daphnia in high mountain and temperate lakes of South America. Verhandlungen Internationale Vereinung für Theoretishe und Angewandte Limnologie25: 2400-2404.

VillalobosL.2006. Estado de conocimiento de los crustáceos zooplanctónicos dulceacuícolas de Chile. Gayana70: 31-39.

Figures

  • View in gallery

    Study area and sampling stations in the Laguna Lejía, northern Chile. S, south; N, north; E, east; W, west.

  • View in gallery

    Similarity dendrogram of the sites considered in the present work.

Index Card

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 12 12 8
Full Text Views 8 8 8
PDF Downloads 2 2 2
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0