Effects of population density on female and male burrow characteristics in the fiddler crab, Uca bengali Crane, 1975

in Crustaceana
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

We examined the effects of population density on body size and burrow characteristics of Uca bengali Crane, 1975. We predicted that (1) males in high-density areas (HD) should be larger in size and build higher quality burrows than males in low-density areas (LD), and (2) HD females should be larger in size, but build lower quality burrows than LD females, as HD females can find higher numbers of good quality male burrows around them for breeding and egg incubation. Our results showed that males and females in HD were larger in size than those in LD. Since HD males were larger in size, they built higher quality burrows than males in LD. On the other hand, even though LD females were smaller in size than HD ones, they built higher quality burrows than HD females. Our results thus indicate that density effects both body size and burrow characteristics.

Effects of population density on female and male burrow characteristics in the fiddler crab, Uca bengali Crane, 1975

in Crustaceana

Sections

References

BackwellP. R. Y.PassmoreN. I.1996. Time constraints and multiple choice criteria in the sampling behaviour and mate choice of the fiddler crab, Uca annulipes. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol.38: 407-416.

BellS. S.WatzinM. C.CoullB. C.1978. Biogenic structure and its effect on the spatial heterogeneity of meiofauna in a salt marsh. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol.35: 99-107.

BertnessM. D.1985. Fiddler crab regulation of Spartina alterniflora production on a New England salt marsh. Ecology66: 1042-1055.

BooksmytheI.DettoT.BackwellP. R. Y.2008. Female fiddler crabs settle for less: the travel costs of mate choice. Anim. Behav.76: 1775-1781.

ChanB. K. K.ChanK. K. Y.LeungP. C. M.2006. Burrow architecture of the ghost crab Ocypode ceratophthalma on a sandy shore in Hong Kong. Hydrobiologia560: 43-49.

ChristyJ. H.1978. Adaptive significance of reproductive cycles in the fiddler crab Uca pugilator: a hypothesis. Science199: 453-455.

ChristyJ. H.1982. Burrow structure and use in the sand fiddler crab, Uca pugilator (Bosc). Anim. Behav.30: 687-694.

ChristyJ. H.1983. Female choice in the resource-defense mating system of the sand fiddler crab, Uca pugilator. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol.12: 169-180.

ChristyJ. H.1987. Female choice and the breeding behavior of the fiddler crab Uca beebei. J. Crust. Biol.7: 624-635.

ChristyJ. H.SalmonM.1984. Ecology and evolution of mating systems of fiddler crabs (genus Uca). Biol. Rev.59: 483-509.

ChristyJ. H.SchoberU. M.1994. A test for resource-defence mating in the fiddler crab Uca beebei. Anim. Behav.48: 795-802.

CraneJ.1975. Fiddler crabs of the world. Ocypodidae: genus Uca: 1-736. (Princeton University PressPrinceton, NJ).

deRiveraC. E.2003. Behavioral and ecological correlates of female mate searching in the fiddler crab Uca crenulata. Ethol. Ecol. Evol.15: 235-249.

deRiveraC. E.BackwellP. R. Y.ChristyJ. H.VehrencampS. L.2003. Density affects female and male mate searching in the fiddler crab, Uca beebei. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol.53: 72-83.

deRiveraC. E.VehrencampS. L.2001. Male versus female mate searching in fiddler crabs: a comparative analysis. Behav. Ecol.12: 182-191.

DieselR.1991. Sperm competition and the evolution of mating behavior in Brachyura, with special reference to spider crabs (Decapoda, Majidae). In: BauerR. T.MartinJ. W. (eds.) Crustacean sexual biology: 145-163. (Columbia University PressNew York, NY).

ForwardR. B.Jr.1987. Larval release rhythms of decapod crustaceans: an overview. Bull. Mar. Sci.41: 165-176.

FrithD. W.FrithC. B.1977. Observations on fiddler crabs (Ocypodidae: genus Uca) on Surin Island, Western Peninsular Thailand, with particular reference to Uca tetragonon (Herbst). Phuket Mar. Biol. Center Res. Bull.18: 1-14.

FrithD. W.TantanasiriwongR.BhatiaO.1976. Zonation and abundance of macrofauna on a mangrove shore, Phuket Island. Phuket Mar. Biol. Center Res. Bull.10: 1-37.

GenoniG. P.1991. Increased burrowing by fiddler crabs Uca rapax (Smith) (Decapoda: Ocypodidae) in response to low food supply. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol.147: 267-285.

GreenspanB. N.1982. Semi-monthly reproductive cycles in male and female fiddler crabs, Uca pugnax. Anim. Behav.30: 1084-1092.

HammersteinP.ParkerG. A.1987. Sexual selection: games between the sexes. In: BradburyJ. W.AnderssonM. B. (eds.) Sexual selection: testing the alternatives: 119-142. (WileyNew York, NY).

HoffmanJ. A.KatzJ.BertnessM. D.1984. Fiddler crab deposit-feeding and meiofaunal abundance in salt marsh habitats. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol.82: 161-174.

HowarthR. W.HobbieJ. E.1982. The regulation of decomposition and heterotrophic microbial activity in salt marsh soils: a review. In: KennedyV. S. (ed.) Estuarine comparisons: 183-208. (Academic PressNew York, NY).

HyattG. W.SalmonM.1978. Combat in the fiddler crabs Uca pugilator and U. pugnax: a quantitative analysis. Behaviour65: 182-211.

JaroensutasineeM.JaroensutasineeK.2004. Morphology, density, and sex ratio of fiddler crabs from southern Thailand (Decapoda, Brachyura, Ocypodidae). Crustaceana77: 533-551.

JaroensutasineeM.TantichodokP.2003. Effects of size and residency on fighting outcomes in the fiddler crab, Uca vocans hesperiae (Decapoda, Brachyura, Ocypodidae). Crustaceana75: 1107-1117.

JennionsM. D.BackwellP. R. Y.1996. Residency and size affect fight duration and outcome in the fiddler crab Uca annulipes. Biol. J. Linn. Soc.57: 293-306.

KatzL. C.1980. Effects of burrowing by the fiddler crab, Uca pugnax (Smith). Estuar. Coast. Mar. Sci.11: 233-237.

KogaT.BackwellP. R. Y.JennionsM. D.ChristyJ. H.1998. Elevated predation risk changes mating behaviour and courtship in a fiddler crab. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B265: 1385-1390.

KogaT.HenmiY.MuraiM.1993. Sperm competition and the assurance of underground copulation in the sand-bubbler crab Scopimera globosa (Brachyura: Ocypodidae). J. Crust. Biol.13: 134-137.

KogaT.MuraiM.GoshimaS.PoovachiranonS.2000. Underground mating in the fiddler crab Uca tetragonon: the association between female life history traits and male mating tactics. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol.248: 35-52.

LatruffeC.McGregorP. K.OliveiraR. F.1999. Visual signalling and sexual selection in male fiddler crabs Uca tangeri. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser.189: 233-240.

LimS. S. L.DiongC. H.2003. Burrow-morphological characters of the fiddler crab, Uca annulipes (H. Milne Edwards, 1837) and ecological correlates in a lagoonal beach on Pulau Hantu, Singapore. Crustaceana76: 1055-1069.

MontagueC. L.1980. A natural history of temperate western Atlantic fiddler crabs (genus Uca) with reference to their impact on the salt marsh. Contrib. Mar. Sci.23: 25-55.

MontagueC. L.1984. The influence of fiddler crab burrows and burrowing on metabolic processes in salt marsh sediments. In: KennedyV. S. (ed.) Estuarine comparisons: 283-301. (Academic PressNew York, NY).

MuraiM.1992. Courtship activity of wandering and burrow holding male Uca arcuata. Ethology92: 124-134.

MuraiM.GoshimaS.HenmiY.1987. Analysis of the mating system of the fiddler crab, Uca lactea. Anim. Behav.35: 1334-1342.

PowersL. W.ColeJ. F.1976. Temperature variation in fiddler crab microhabitats. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol.21: 141-157.

QureshiN. A.SaherN. U.2012. Burrow morphology of three species of fiddler crab (Uca) along the coast of Pakistan. Belg. J. Zool.142: 114-126.

ReaneyL. T.BackwellP. R. Y.2007. Temporal constraints and female preference for burrow width in the fiddler crab, Uca mjoebergi. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol.61: 1515-1521.

ReaneyL. T.MaurerG.BackwellP. R. Y.LindeC. C.2012. Paternity analysis of two male mating tactics in the fiddler crab, Uca mjoebergi. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol.66: 1017-1024.

RibeiroP. D.DaleoP.IribarneO. O.2010. Density affects mating mode and large male mating advantage in a fiddler crab. Oecologia164: 931-941.

RibeiroP. D.IribarneO. O.DaleoP.2005. The relative importance of substratum characteristics and recruitment in determining the spatial distribution of the fiddler crab Uca uruguayensis Nobili. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol.314: 99-111.

RingoldP.1979. Burrowing, root mat density, and the distribution of fiddler crabs in the eastern United States. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol.36: 11-21.

TinaF. W.JaroensutasineeM.JaroensutasineeK.2015a. Effects of body size, resident status and handedness on fighting behaviour of the fiddler crab, Uca bengali Crane, 1975. Crustaceana88: 775-789.

TinaF. W.JaroensutasineeM.JaroensutasineeK.2015b. The fiddler crab, Uca bengali Crane, 1975: population biology and burrow characteristics on a riverbank in southern Thailand. Crustaceana88: 791-807.

TinaF. W.JaroensutasineeM.JaroensutasineeK.2015c. Effects of sexual dimorphism and body size on feeding behaviour of the fiddler crab, Uca bengali Crane, 1975. Crustaceana88: 231-242.

ValielaI.TealJ. M.DeuserW. G.1978. The nature of growth forms in the salt marsh grass Spartina alterniflora. Am. Nat.112: 461-470.

Von HagenH. O.1993. Waving display in females of Uca polita and of other Australian fiddler crabs. Ethology93: 3-20.

YamaguchiT.1971. The courtship behavior of a fiddler crab, Uca lactea. Kumamoto J. Sci. Biol.10: 13-37.

Figures

  • View in gallery

    High- and low-density areas in the study area.

  • View in gallery

    Measurements of burrow length (BL) and depth (BD) of differently shaped burrows; (a) I-shaped, (b) J-shaped, (c) Y-shaped and (d) U-shaped.

  • View in gallery

    Mean ± SE carapace length (a) and width (b), major claw length (c) and width (d) in female (white bars) and male (grey bars) Uca bengali Crane, 1975 in low- and high-density areas. Means marked with different lowercase (to compare results within a singular sex, between densities) and uppercase (to compare results between sexes in the same density) letters are significantly different at P<0.05.

  • View in gallery

    Mean ± SE burrow diameter (a), burrow length (b), burrow depth (c) and burrow volume (d) in female (white bars) and male (grey bars) Uca bengali Crane, 1975 in low- and high-density areas. Means marked with different lowercase (to compare results within a singular sex, between densities) and uppercase (to compare results between sexes in the same density) letters are significantly different at P<0.05.

  • View in gallery

    Male/female carapace length and burrow diameter, length, depth and volume of Uca bengali Crane, 1975 in low- (a, c, e, g) and high-density (b, d, f, h) areas.

Index Card

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 22 22 10
Full Text Views 12 12 12
PDF Downloads 0 0 0
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0