Life history characteristics of the fluvial shrimp Macrobrachium yui (Holthuis, 1950) (Decapoda, Palaemonidae) spawning in the cave streams in northern Laos

in Crustaceana
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This study aims to understand the reproductive and larval characteristics and the migratory patterns of the shrimp Macrobrachium yui (Holthuis, 1950). We conducted monthly samplings of the adult, juvenile and larval shrimp at fixed points in the Xuang River system in northern Laos. We determined the seasonal changes in size frequency distribution, difference in size among sampling sites, occurrence of drifting larvae, and physiological condition of the shrimp. The size distributions of M. yui differed significantly throughout the year among sections of the river system: small-sized juveniles occurred in the Xuang River, various size classes in the Pho Stream, and larger adults in the Bokengsakang cave stream. The gonadosomatic index of females is the highest in the Bokengsakang cave stream and the gonadosomatic index of males is the highest in the Pho Stream. Drifting larvae that had already completed morphological development for settlement on the substrate occurred only in the Bokengsakang cave stream, although the hatched larvae have a free-swimming larval period. The overall results indicate that M. yui females spawn in the Bokengsakang cave stream after mating with males during or before migration to the cave stream, and the hatched larvae remain in the cave stream until settling on the bottom. The life history migration of M. yui is attributed to the early stages of the life cycle, depending strongly on the cave stream.

Life history characteristics of the fluvial shrimp Macrobrachium yui (Holthuis, 1950) (Decapoda, Palaemonidae) spawning in the cave streams in northern Laos

in Crustaceana

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References

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Figures

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    View of the Bokengsakang Stream (cave stream) in the village of Na-Pho, Luang Prabang Province, Laos, one of the sampling sites. This figure is published in colour in the online edition of this journal, which can be accessed via http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/content/journals/15685403.

  • View in gallery

    Map of the study site in the village of Na-Pho, Luang Prabang Province, Laos. Solid black circles and dotted lines represent sampling points and cave streams, respectively.

  • View in gallery

    Drifting larvae of the shrimp Macrobrachium yui (Holthuis, 1950) in the Bokengsakang Stream (cave stream). a, Zoea larvae with free-swimming just after hatching, atypical of drifting larvae; b, postlarvae settling to the bottom, typical of the drifting larvae. This figure is published in colour in the online edition of this journal, which can be accessed via http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/content/journals/15685403.

  • View in gallery

    Size frequency distributions in male, female and juvenile Macrobrachium yui (Holthuis, 1950) from: a, the Xuang River; b, the Pho Stream; and c, the Bokengsakang Stream; all from June 2007 to May 2008. Solid bars show male shrimp, grey bars show female shrimp, and open bars show juvenile shrimp. M, male; F, female; J, juvenile.

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    Monthly change of the gonadosomatic index (GSI) of Macrobrachium yui (Holthuis, 1950). Solid circles show male shrimp and open circles show female shrimp. Error bars represent 95% confidence intervals.

  • View in gallery

    Monthly change in the number of drifting larvae of Macrobrachium yui (Holthuis, 1950) at the sampling points of the Bokengsakang Stream, Pho Stream and Xuang River. Closed circles indicate the number of drifting larvae in the Bokengsakang Stream, open triangles in the Pho Stream, and open squares in the Xuang River. The larval shrimp were not found in the Pho Stream and Xuang River.

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    Diel drifting pattern of the larvae of Macrobrachium yui (Holthuis, 1950) at the sampling point in the Bokengsakang Stream. The larval shrimp were not found in the Pho Stream and Xuang River.

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