1 Laboratory of Biology and Ecology of Marine and Freshwater Shrimp, São Paulo State University, Avenue Eng. Luiz Edmundo Carrijo Coube, Bauru, 17033-360, Brazil
2 Center of Studies in Biology, Ecology and Cultivation of Crustaceans, Paulo State University, Rubião Júnior district, S/N, Botucatu, 18618-970, Brazil
3 Center of Marine Biology, University of São Paulo, Road Manoel Hipólito do Rego, São Sebastião, 11600-000, Brazil
4 Instituto de Ciencias Marinas y Limnologicas, Laboratorio Costero Calfuco, Universidad Austral de Chile, Casilla 567, Valdivia, Chile
5 Laboratory of Bioecology and Crustacean Systematics (LBSC), Department of Biology, Faculty of Philosophy, Science and Letters at Ribeirão Preto (FFCLRP), University of São Paulo (USP), 14040-901, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil
The present study analyses the cryptic colouration patterns in mud crabs, Panopeus americanus that live in an impacted intertidal mangrove area. The main objectives were to identify the cryptic/non-cryptic transition sizes (males and females) and their relationships to morphological and functional sexual maturity. Individuals were collected from the remnant mangrove of Araçá, on the coast of São Sebastião, São Paulo, Brazil. They were sexed, measured and classified into three colouration categories: white homogeneous, cryptic heterogeneous or dark homogeneous (non-cryptic). A logistic regression was performed to detect the size at which 50% of the population reached the dark homogeneous colouration and functional sexual maturity in females. Morphological sexual maturity for both sexes was estimated through relative growth. A progressive change from heterogeneous to dark homogeneous colouration following growth was observed. Using both analyses of maturity, we detected (1) that individuals of the white homogeneous colouration can be classified as non-reproductive and (2) that there is an overlap between the size at which 50% of females reached the dark homogeneous colouration and their functional sexual maturity (approximately 14.00 mm CW). These findings are primarily explained by ontogenetic changes in habitat use during the species’ life cycle.
BellwoodD. R.ChoatJ. H. C.1989.
A description of the juvenile phase color patterns of 24 parrotfish species (family Scaridae) from the Great Barrier Reef, Australia.
Records of the Australian Museum41:
Morphometric study of the ghost crab Ocypode quadrata (Fabricius, 1787) (Brachyura, Ocypodidae) from Ubatuba, São Paulo, Brazil. In:
Modern approaches to the study of Crustacea:
189-195. (Kluwer Academic/PlenumNew York, NY).
GroverJ. J.EgglestonD. B.ShenkerJ. M.1998.
Transition from pelagic to demersal phase in early-juvenile Nassau grouper Epinephelus striatus: pigmentation, squamation, and ontogeny of diet.
Bulletin of Marine Science62:
The effect of salinity on the post-embryonic development of Panopeus americanus Saussure, 1857 and Eurypanopeus abbreviatus Stimpson, 1860 (Crustacea, Xanthidae).
PardoL. M.PalmaA. T.PrietoC.SepulvedaP.ValdiviaI.Patricio OjedaF.2007.
Processes regulating early post-settlement habitat use in a subtidal assemblage of brachyuran decapods.
Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology344:
PinheiroM. A. A.FransozoA.1998.
Sexual maturity of the speckled swimming crab Arenaeus cribrarius (Lamarck, 1818) (Decapoda, Brachyura, Portunidae) in the Ubatuba littoral, São Paulo State, Brazil.
VergaminiF. G.MantelattoF. L.2008a.
Continuous reproduction and recruitment in the narrowback mud crab Panopeus americanus (Brachyura, Panopeidae) in a remnant human-impacted mangrove area.
Invertebrate Reproduction and Development51:
VergaminiF. G.MantelattoF. L.2008b.
Microdistribution of juveniles and adults of the mud crab Panopeus americanus (Brachyura, Panopeidae) in a remnant mangrove area in the southwest Atlantic.
Journal of Natural History42: