New host record for the California mussel Mytilus californianus (Bivalvia, Mytilidae), epibiotic on the Pacific sand crab Emerita analoga (Decapoda, Hippidae) from Monterey Bay, California (U.S.A.)

in Crustaceana
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Sea mussels form dense aggregations on temperate rocky shores; however, in the absence of such firm substrates, biogenic surface such as the calcified integument of crustaceans may become settlement sites for their larvae. In this paper we present the first report on the association between the California mussel Mytilus californianus Conrad, 1837 and the Pacific sand crab Emerita analoga (Stimpson, 1857), collected from a sandy beach in Monterey Bay, California, U.S.A. We examined 63 crabs, and three had epibiotic mussels attached on their lateroventral surfaces. The organisms were measured and photographed. Such low incidence rate is tied to the collection site, as sandy beaches are considered atypical habitats for this bivalve species. The occurrence of epibiotic M. californianus suggests a random and non-obligatory relationship with E. analoga.

New host record for the California mussel Mytilus californianus (Bivalvia, Mytilidae), epibiotic on the Pacific sand crab Emerita analoga (Decapoda, Hippidae) from Monterey Bay, California (U.S.A.)

in Crustaceana



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    Specimen of Mytilus californianus Conrad, 1837 and Emerita analoga (Stimpson, 1857): A, dorsal view of crab; crab size 24.7 mm; B, mussel attached to the lateroventral surface between the first and second pereopods; C, mussel detached from the crab; mussel size 1.8 mm. This figure is published in colour in the online edition of this journal, which can be accessed via


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