Population structure and fecundity of two species of grapsid crabs (Brachyura, Grapsidae) that inhabit the oyster reefs of western Taiwan

in Crustaceana
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?

Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.


Have Institutional Access?

Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?


This study on carcinological aspects of oyster farming was carried out at the coast of Yunlin County, Taiwan, for a period of 25 months from July 2012 to July 2014. The space formed by the clustering of the oyster shells provides a habitat for at least eight species of crabs. Nanosesarma minutum was the dominant species (73.7% or n=18753) with an average of 59.5 ± 30.6 individuals/string/month, while the average monthly rate of ovigerous females was 12.6 ± 13.0%, and the average number of eggs per berried female was 1510.8 ± 1018.7 eggs/individual. Hemigrapsus penicillatus was the second dominant species (23.9% or n=6074) with an average of 17.4 ± 17.1 individuals/string/month; here, the average monthly rate of ovigerous female crabs was 4.6 ± 9.0, and the average number of eggs of a berried female was 3073.4 ± 2167.5 eggs/individual.


International Journal of Crustacean Research



BeggG. A.WaldmanJ. R., 1999. An holistic approach to fish stock identification. Fish. Res., 43: 35-44.

BrousseauD. J.McSweeneyL., 2016. A comparison of reproductive patterns and adult dispersal in sympatric introduced and native marine crabs: implications for species characteristics of invaders. Biol. Invas., 18: 1275-1286.

CarsenA. E.KleinmanS.ScelzoM. A., 1996. Fecundity and relative growth of the crab Platyxanthus patagonicus (Brachyura: Platyxanthidae) in Patagonia, Argentina. J. Crustacean Biol., 16: 748-753.

ChenK. N.ChenM. J.TsaoC. W.HsuJ. T.DengP.-L.UengY. T., 2016. Seasonal changes in the abundance and composition of fish, crustaceans, and benthos in the Jhuoshuei estuary of western Taiwan. In: H. J. Lin (ed.), 2016 international wetland convention in Taiwan, Taipei: 33-35.

CzerniejewskiP.WawrzyniakW., 2006. Seasonal changes in the population structure of the Chinese mitten crab, Eriocheir sinensis (H. Milne Edwards) in the Odra/Oder estuary. Crustaceana, 79: 1167-1179.

DaiA. Y.YangS. L.SongY. Z.ChenG. X., 1986. Crabs of the China Sea: i-xi, 1-642, pls. 1-74. [In Chinese.]

DameR.BushekD.PrinsT., 2001. The role of suspension feeders as ecosystem transformers in shallow coastal environments. In: ReiseK. (ed.), The ecology of sedimentary coasts: 11-37. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin).

DameR. F.ZingmarkR. G.HaskinE., 1984. Oyster reefs as processors of estuarine materials. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol., 83: 239-247.

De HaanW., 1835. Crustacea. 60. In: von SieboldP. F. (ed.), Fauna Japonica. (Muller, Amsterdam).

De ManJ. G., 1887. Report on the podophthalmous Crustacea of the Mergui Archipelago, collected for the trustees of the Indian Museum, Calcutta, by Dr. John Anderson, F.R.S., superintendant of the museum. Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 22: 1-305.

De ManJ. G., 1895. Bericht über die von Herrn Schiffscapitän Storm zu Atjeh, an den westlichen Küsten von Malakka, Borneo und Celebes sowie in der Java-See gesammelten Decapoden und Stomatopoden. Zoologische Jahrbücher, Jena (Abteilung für Systematik) 8: 485-609.

DoiW.LwinT. T.YokotaM.StrussmannC. A.WatanabeS., 2007. Maturity and reproduction of goneplacid crab Carcinoplax vestita (Decapoda, Brachyura) in Tokyo Bay. Fish. Sci., 73: 331-340.

El-SerehyH. A.Al-RasheidK. A.IbrahimN. K.Al-MisnedF. A., 2015. Reproductive biology of the Suez Canal spider crab Schizophrys aspera (H. Milne Edwards, 1834: Crustacea: Brachyura: Majidae). Saudi J. Biol. Sci., 22: 789-794.

FisherR. A., 1930. The genetical theory of natural selection: a complete variorum edition. (Oxford University Press, Oxford).

FukuiY., 1988. Comparative studies on the life history of the grapsid crabs (Crustacea, Brachyura). Publs Seto Mar. Biol. Lab., 33: 121-162.

García-GuerreroM.HendrickxM. E., 2004. Fecundity traits of seven species of brachyuran crabs (Decapoda: Brachyura) from the Pacific coast of Mexico. Contrib. Study East Pac. Crustac., 3: 79-85.

GehrelsH.KnyshK. M.BoudreauM.ThériaultM.-H.CourtenayS. C.CoxR.QuijónP. A., 2016. Hide and seek: habitat-mediated interactions between European green crabs and native mud crabs in Atlantic Canada. Mar. Biol., Berlin, 163: 152. DOI:10.1007/s00227-016-2927-6.

GrabowskiJ. H.PowersS. P., 2004. Habitat complexity mitigates trophic transfer on oyster reefs. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 277: 291-295.

HaddonM., 1994. Size-fecundity relationships, mating behaviour & larval release in the New Zealand paddle crab, Ovalipes catharus (White, 1843) (Brachyura: Portunidae). New Zeal. J. Mar. Freshw. Res., 28: 329-334.

HartnollR. G.BryantA. D., 1990. Size-frequency distributions in decapod Crustacea: the quick, the dead & the cast-offs. J. Crustacean Biol., 10: 14-19.

HsiaoS. T.ChuangS. C.ChenK. S.HoP. H.WuC. L.ChenC. A., 2016. DNA barcoding reveals that the common cupped oyster in Taiwan is the Portuguese oyster Crassostrea angulata (Ostreoida; Ostreidae), not C. gigas. Sci. Rep., 6: 34057. DOI:10.1038/srep34057.

HsuehS. P. W., 1991. Seasonal occurrence and abundance of brachyuran larvae in a coastal embayment of central California. J. Crustacean Biol., 11: 546-552.

JosileenJ., 2013. Fecundity of the blue swimmer crab, Portunus pelagicus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Decapoda, Brachyura, Portunidae) along the coast of Mandapam, Tamil Nadu, India. Crustaceana, 86(1): 48-55.

KoolkalyaS.ThapanandT.TunkijjanujijS.HavanontV.JutagateT., 2006. Aspects in spawning biology and migration of the mud crab Scylla olivacea in the Andaman Sea, Thailand. Fish. Manag. Ecol., 13: 391-397.

KrebsC. J., 1999. Ecological methodology (2nd ed.): 1-620. (Benjamin/Cummings, Menlo Park, CA).

KweiE. A., 1978. Size composition, growth and sexual maturity of Callinectes latimanus (Rath) in two Ghanaian lagoons. Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 64: 151-157.

LeighE. G.Jr., 1970. Sex ratio and differential mortality between the sexes. Amer. Nat., 104: 205-210.

LemeM. H. A., 2004. Fecundity and fertility of the mangrove crab Sesarma rectum Randall, 1840 (Grapsoidea) from Ubatuba, São Paulo, Brazil. Nauplius, 12: 39-44.

LuppiT. A.BasC. C.SpivakE. D.AngerK., 1997. Fecundity of two grapsid crab species in the Laguna Mar Chiquita, Argentina. Arch. Fish. Mar. Res., 45: 149-166.

MantelattoF. L. M.FransozoA., 1997. Fecundity of the crab Callinectes ornatus Ordway, 1863 (Decapoda, Brachyura, Portunidae) from the Ubatuba region, São Paulo, Brazil. Crustaceana, 70: 214-226.

MatsuuraS.TakeshitaK.FujitaH.KawsakiS., 1972. Reproduction and fecundity of the female king crab, Paralithodes camtschatica (Tilesius) in the waters off western Kamchatka. II. Determination of the fecundity based on the counts of the ovarian eggs and of the spawned eggs attached to pleopods. Bull. Far Seas Fish. Res. Lab., 8: 169-190.

MeyerD. L.TownsendE. C.ThayerG. W., 1997. Stabilization and erosion control value of oyster clutch for intertidal marsh. Restoration Ecol., 5: 93-99.

NewellR. I., 1988. Ecological changes in Chesapeake Bay: are they the result of overharvesting the American oyster, Crassostrea virginica. In: LynchM. P.KromeE. C. (eds.), Understanding the estuary: advances in Chesapeake Bay research: 536-546. (Chesapeake Research Consortium, Edgewater, MD).

NgP. K. L.WangC. H.HoP. H.ShihH. T., 2001. An annotated checklist of brachyuran crabs from Taiwan (Crustacea: Decapoda). Natl. Taiwan Mus. Spec. Publ. Ser., 11: 86.

PiankaE. R., 1974. Evolutionary ecology: 1-356. (Harper and Row, New York, NY).

PiazzaB. P.BanksP. D.La PeyreM. K., 2005. The potential for created oyster shell reefs as a sustainable shoreline protection strategy in Louisiana. Restoration Ecol., 13: 499-506.

PrzemysławC.MarcelloD. G., 2013. Realized fecundity in the first brood and size of eggs of Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis) — laboratory studies. Int. Res. J. Biol. Sci., 2: 1-6.

RathbunM. J., 1931. New and rare Chinese crabs. Lingnan Sci. J., 8: 75-125.

ReidD. M.CoreyS., 1991. Comparative fecundity of decapod crustaceans, III. The fecundity of fifty-three species of Decapoda from tropical, subtropical, and boreal waters. Crustaceana, 61: 308-316.

RodriguesM. A.HeberleM. F.D’IncaoF., 2011. Fecundity variation and abundance of female blue crabs Callinectes sapidus Rathbun, 1896 (Decapoda, Brachyura, Portunidae) in the Patos Lagoon Estuary, RS, Brazil. Atlântica (Rio Grande), 33: 141-148.

SastryA. N., 1983. Ecological aspects of reproduction. In: VernbergF. J.VernbergW. B. (eds.), The biology of Crustacea: 179-270. (Academic Press, New York, NY).

SecorD.HinesA.PlaceA., 2002. Japanese hatchery-based stock enhancement: lessons for the Chesapeake Bay blue crab. Special Publication of Maryland Seagrant College Park, Maryland. Publication Number UM-SG-TS-2002-02: 1-44.

Severino-RodriguesE.Musiello-FernandesJ.MouraA. A.BrancoG. M.CanéoV. O., 2013. Fecundity, reproductive seasonality and maturation size of Callinectes sapidus females (Decapoda: Portunidae) in the southeast coast of Brazil. Revi. Biol. Trop., 61(2): 595-602.

TerossiM.ToratiL. S.MirandaI.ScelzoM. A.MantelattoF. L., 2010. Comparative reproductive biology of two southwestern Atlantic populations of the hermit crab Pagurus exilis (Crustacea: Anomura: Paguridae). Mar. Ecol., 31: 584-591.

TolleyS. G.VoletyA. K., 2005. The role of oysters in habitat use of oyster reefs by resident fishes and decapod crustaceans. J. Shellfish Res., 24: 1007-1012.

VaschenkoM. A.HsiehH. L.RadashevskyV. I., 2013. Gonadal state of the oyster Crassostrea angulata cultivated in Taiwan. J. Shellfish Res., 32: 471-482.

VillegasC. T.TrinoA.TravinaR., 1986. Spawner size and the biological components of the reproduction process in Penaeus monodon Fabricius. In: J. L. Maclean & L. V. Hosillos (eds.), Proceedings of the first Asian fisheries forum: 701-702. (Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Philippines).

WaldbusserG. G.SalisburyJ. E., 2014. Ocean acidification in the coastal zone from an organism’s perspective: multiple system parameters, frequency domains & habitats. Ann. Rev. Mar. Sci., 6: 221-247.

WangH.QianL.LiuX.ZhangG.GuoX., 2010. Classification of a common cupped oyster from southern China. J. Shellfish Res., 29: 857-866.

WilsonM. F.PiankaE. R., 1963. Sexual selection, sex ratio and mating system. Amer. Nat., 97: 405-407.

YeagerL. A.LaymanC. A., 2011. Energy flow to two abundant consumers in a subtropical oyster reef food web. Aquatic Ecol., 45: 267-277.


  • Species composition of crabs in the study area during July 2012 to July 2014.

    View in gallery
  • Distribution of crabs at various carapace width (mm) size classes in Nanosesarma minutum (De Man, 1887) and Hemigrapsus penicillatus (De Haan, 1835).

    View in gallery
  • Monthly percentage of ovigerous crabs and percentage of juvenile crabs of Nanosesarma minutum (De Man, 1887) during the study.

    View in gallery
  • Monthly percentage of ovigerous crabs and percentage of juvenile crabs of Hemigrapsus penicillatus (De Haan, 1835) during the study.

    View in gallery
  • Relationship between fecundity and carapace width (mm) for the two dominant species, the grapsids Nanosesarma minutum (De Man, 1887) and Hemigrapsus penicillatus (De Haan, 1835).

    View in gallery


Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 3 3 3
Full Text Views 3 3 3
PDF Downloads 0 0 0
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0