Population structure and fecundity of two species of grapsid crabs (Brachyura, Grapsidae) that inhabit the oyster reefs of western Taiwan

in Crustaceana
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This study on carcinological aspects of oyster farming was carried out at the coast of Yunlin County, Taiwan, for a period of 25 months from July 2012 to July 2014. The space formed by the clustering of the oyster shells provides a habitat for at least eight species of crabs. Nanosesarma minutum was the dominant species (73.7% or n=18753) with an average of 59.5 ± 30.6 individuals/string/month, while the average monthly rate of ovigerous females was 12.6 ± 13.0%, and the average number of eggs per berried female was 1510.8 ± 1018.7 eggs/individual. Hemigrapsus penicillatus was the second dominant species (23.9% or n=6074) with an average of 17.4 ± 17.1 individuals/string/month; here, the average monthly rate of ovigerous female crabs was 4.6 ± 9.0, and the average number of eggs of a berried female was 3073.4 ± 2167.5 eggs/individual.

Crustaceana

International Journal of Crustacean Research

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Figures

  • Species composition of crabs in the study area during July 2012 to July 2014.

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  • Distribution of crabs at various carapace width (mm) size classes in Nanosesarma minutum (De Man, 1887) and Hemigrapsus penicillatus (De Haan, 1835).

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  • Monthly percentage of ovigerous crabs and percentage of juvenile crabs of Nanosesarma minutum (De Man, 1887) during the study.

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  • Monthly percentage of ovigerous crabs and percentage of juvenile crabs of Hemigrapsus penicillatus (De Haan, 1835) during the study.

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  • Relationship between fecundity and carapace width (mm) for the two dominant species, the grapsids Nanosesarma minutum (De Man, 1887) and Hemigrapsus penicillatus (De Haan, 1835).

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