The taxonomy of two poorly known species of elbow crabs, Daldorfia spinosissima (A. Milne-Edwards, 1862) and D. triangularis Sakai, 1974 (Brachyura, Parthenopidae)

in Crustaceana
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The taxonomy of Daldorfia spinosissima (A. Milne-Edwards, 1862) and D. triangularis Sakai, 1974, two large and rarely reported parthenopid species, is discussed. The taxonomy of the two species had been confused until Tan & Ng (2007) argued that both were valid taxa. The availability of fresh species material allowed direct comparisons to be made and the two taxa could, in fact, be separated by a good series of characters: carapace shape, spination on carapace surfaces and chelipeds, rostral form, shape of proepistomal spine, proportions of the third maxilliped ischium, overall structure of the chelipeds, relative lengths of the ambulatory merus, shape of the anterior thoracic sternal depression, and proportions of the male pleon, as well as structure of the male first gonopod.

The taxonomy of two poorly known species of elbow crabs, Daldorfia spinosissima (A. Milne-Edwards, 1862) and D. triangularis Sakai, 1974 (Brachyura, Parthenopidae)

in Crustaceana

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References

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Figures

  • View in gallery

    Overall habitus. A, Daldorfia spinosissima (A. Milne-Edwards, 1862), male (143.0 × 93.0 mm) (CASAU), India; B, D. triangularis Sakai, 1974, male (166.3 × 144.8 mm) (ZRC 2003.0097), Philippines.

  • View in gallery

    A, C, E, G, Daldorfia spinosissima (A. Milne-Edwards, 1862), male (143.0 × 93.0 mm) (CASAU), India; B, D, F, H, D. triangularis Sakai, 1974, male (166.3 × 144.8 mm) (ZRC 2003.0097), Philippines. A, B, dorsal view of carapace; C, D, frontal view of cephalothorax; E, F, frontal regions showing pseudorostrum and orbits; G, H, anterior thoracic sternum and pleon.

  • View in gallery

    A, C, E, G, I, K, M, O, Daldorfia spinosissima (A. Milne-Edwards, 1862), male (143.0 × 93.0 mm) (CASAU), India; B, D, F, H, J, L, N, P, D. triangularis Sakai, 1974, male (166.3 × 144.8 mm) (ZRC 2003.0097), Philippines. A, B, outer view of right third maxilliped; C, D, epistome, orbits, antennae and antennules; E, F, pleonal somites 1-3; G, H, pleonal somites 4-6 and telson; I, J, outer view of right chela; K, L, outer view of left chela; M, N, right fourth ambulatory leg; O, P, anterior thoracic sternum showing sternopleonal cavity and right G1 in situ.

  • View in gallery

    Gonopods. A-C, Daldorfia spinosissima (A. Milne-Edwards, 1862), male (143.0 × 93.0 mm) (CASAU), India; D-F, D. triangularis Sakai, 1974, male (166.3 × 144.8 mm) (ZRC 2003.0097), Philippines. A, D, ventral view of left G1; B, E, ventral view of distal part of left G1; C, F, left G2. Distal part of flagellum of C broken off. Scales: A, C, D, F = 5.0 mm; B, E = 1.0 mm.

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