The ovarian development pattern of pond-reared Chinese mitten crab, Eriocheir sinensis H. Milne-Edwards, 1853

in Crustaceana
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Although pond culture is the major culture method for Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis) in China, the pattern of ovarian development in pond-reared E. sinensis remains unclear. This study investigated the changes in ovarian morphology and histology, gonadosomatic index (GSI), hepatosomatic index (HSI), and monthly variation of the ovarian development pattern during the ovarian maturation of pond-reared female E. sinensis. Based on the pubertal moult, and ovarian morphology and histology, the ovarian development cycle of E. sinensis could be divided into five stages, i.e., Stage I: the ovary appears thin ribbon-like and translucent, dominated by oogonia (OG) and previtellogenic oocytes (PRO); Stage II: the ovary appears milk white or buff, dominated by endogenous vitellogenic oocytes (EN); Stage III: the ovary appears orange or light brown, dominated by exogenous vitellogenic oocytes (EX); Stage IV: the ovary appears crimson red or brown and ovarian lobes occupy most available body cavities. The major oocytes were nearly mature oocytes (NO); Stage V: the ovary appears deep purple and is filled with mature oocytes (MO). During ovarian maturation, the GSI increased significantly and a significant, positive correlation was found between the GSI and the mean long diameter of the oocyte from stage III to stage V. However, a significantly negative correlation was found between GSI and HSI. The ovarian development of pond-reared female E. sinensis was not synchronous, most of the pubertal moults were found until mid-late August. At the end of August, the percentages of females that reached ovarian stages II and III were 55 and 24%, respectively. After that, the ovarian development of pond-reared female E. sinensis became fast, and females with stage III or more advanced ovaries were found to be in excess of 80% by the end of September and onward. From the end of November to late December, the GSI of female E. sinensis did not increase significantly, which indicated pond-reared females had reached mature or nearly-mature ovaries by the end of November.

The ovarian development pattern of pond-reared Chinese mitten crab, Eriocheir sinensis H. Milne-Edwards, 1853

in Crustaceana

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References

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Figures

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    Eriocheir sinensis H. Milne Edwards, 1853, females. The changes of water temperature in the ponds during the ovarian development of pond-reared Eriocheir sinensis.

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    Eriocheir sinensis H. Milne Edwards, 1853, females. Changes in the abdominal shape and ovarian external feature during the ovarian development of pond-reared Eriocheir sinensis. (1) The abdominal shape of female Eriocheir sinensis before puberty moult; (2) the abdominal shape of female Eriocheir sinensis after puberty moult; (3) stage I ovary, (3a) schematic diagram of stage I ovary (GSI = 0.07%); (4) stage II ovary (GSI = 0.41%); (5) early stage III ovary, (5b) schematic diagram of stage III ovary (GSI = 1.29%); (6) late stage III ovary, (6c) schematic diagram of stage III ovary (GSI = 3.31%); (7) stage IV ovary, (7d) schematic diagram of stage IV ovary (GSI = 6.24%); (8) stage V ovary, (8e) the schematic diagram of stage V ovary (GSI = 13.88%). The arrows represent hepatopancreas and the triangles represent ovary. This figure is published in colour in the online edition of this journal, which can be accessed via http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/content/journals/15685403.

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    Eriocheir sinensis H. Milne Edwards, 1853, females. Ovarian histology of pond-reared Eriocheir sinensis during the ovarian development. (1) Early stage I ovary (GSI = 0.14); (2) late stage I ovary (GSI = 0.34); (3) stage II ovary (GSI = 0.41); (4) stage III ovary (GSI = 2.35); (5) stage IV ovary (GSI = 6.24); (6) stage V ovary (GSI = 12.35). OG, oogonia; PRO, previtellogenic oocytes; EN, endogenous vitellogenic oocyte; EX, exogenous vitellogenic oocytes; NO, nearly mature oocytes; MO, mature oocytes; FC, follicle cells; N, nucleus. This figure is published in colour in the online edition of this journal, which can be accessed via http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/content/journals/15685403.

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    Eriocheir sinensis H. Milne Edwards, 1853, females. The changes in GSI and HSI during the ovarian development of pond-reared Eriocheir sinensis. The diamonds and triangles with different letters indicate significant differences among the different ovarian development stages (P<0.05).

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    Eriocheir sinensis H. Milne Edwards, 1853, females. The correlation of GSI and HSI during the ovarian development of pond-reared Eriocheir sinensis.

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    Eriocheir sinensis H. Milne Edwards, 1853, females. The correlation of long diameter of oocytes (μm) and gonadosomatic index (GSI) during the ovarian maturation of pond-reared Eriocheir sinensis.

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    Eriocheir sinensis H. Milne Edwards, 1853, females. Frequency of occurrence of each ovarian developmental stage in different month of pond-reared Eriocheir sinensis.

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    Eriocheir sinensis H. Milne Edwards, 1853, females. Monthly variation of GSI and HSI of pond-reared Eriocheir sinensis. The diamonds or columns with different letters indicate significant differences among the different months for GSI or HSI (P<0.05).

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