Notodiaptomus incompositus (Brian, 1925) (Copepoda, Calanoida) reared in the laboratory: growth experiments and reproductive aspects

in Crustaceana
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The calanoid copepod Notodiaptomus incompositus (Brian, 1925) is an important contributor in limnic environments in Southern South America, where it can attain high densities and contribute significantly to the total zooplankton biomass in water bodies in Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil. However, little is known about the reproductive biology of this species. In the present study, biological aspects like developmental time, egg production and growth rate were assessed through cultures in the laboratory where copepods were fed Chlamydomonas cf. pumilioniformis (Chlamydophyceae) cultured in WC medium. The average time of egg incubation was 51 h at 20°C and the mean development time from nauplii to adult was 14 days. The carbon weights of N. incompositus eggs and females were 0.08 and 2.38 μg C, respectively. The growth rates of all copepodite stages were determined and ranged between 0.073 and 0.447 day−1. This study revealed interesting reproductive aspects of the copepod N. incompositus, generating information that will be of great relevance for future studies with this species.

Notodiaptomus incompositus (Brian, 1925) (Copepoda, Calanoida) reared in the laboratory: growth experiments and reproductive aspects

in Crustaceana

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References

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Figures

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    Study area showing the sampling site at the Channel of Patos Lagoon Estuary. The countries where Notodiaptomus incompositus (Brian, 1925) occurs are highlighted.

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    Percentage of Notodiaptomus incompositus (Brian, 1925) developmental stages during culture at 20°C. Until the fourth day only nauplii were found. Copepodites were observed from the fifth day. The culture took 14 days until more than half of the individuals were already adults.

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    Linear regression between prosome length of copepodites and days of culture (age) for Notodiaptomus incompositus (Brian, 1925) cultured in the laboratory.

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    Average egg production of Notodiaptomus incompositus (Brian, 1925) in the presence (A) and absence (B) of males during 216 h incubation. C shows the average egg production with the introduction of male after 96 h of experiment. The filled square denotes the first egg sac produced and the filled circles are the first nauplii that hatched from it. The filled triangle denotes the second egg sac and the empty square the second nauplii that hatched from it. The empty circle denotes the third egg sac and the empty triangle the third nauplii hatched.

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