Two new parastenocaridid genera (Copepoda, Harpacticoida) from South America, including a revision of Noodt’s columbiensis-group and the redescription of Parastenocaris tapajosensis Noodt, 1963

in Crustaceana
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

The genus Colombocaris is proposed for a new species discovered on submerged mosses of a high Andean lake in Colombia. The diagnostic characters of the genus mainly concern the morphology of legs, particularly the endopod of leg 2, leg 3, the endopodite of leg 4 and the peculiar leg 5, the cuticular windows of body segments and the morphology of the furca. The new genus Noodtcaris is proposed for three species of the Parastenocaris columbiensis-group, viz., P. columbiensis, P. kubitzkii and P. roettgeri, described from the Colombian Llanos Orientales, and for P. tapajosensis from the Brazilian Amazonas. This genus is well defined by the ornamentation of the caudal rami and the morphology of legs 2 to 5. The absence of endopod on female leg 3 is a diagnostic character at least for the Colombian species. A key for the identification of the species composing the new genera is provided.

Two new parastenocaridid genera (Copepoda, Harpacticoida) from South America, including a revision of Noodt’s columbiensis-group and the redescription of Parastenocaris tapajosensis Noodt, 1963

in Crustaceana

Sections

References

AhnertA.1994. Eidonomie Systematik und Entwicklung von Potamocaris Dussart 1979 und Forficatocaris Jakobi 1969 (Copepoda Harpacticoida Parastenocarididae) sowie Verteilung im Lebensraum und Verhalten zweier koexistierender Vertreter beider Gattungen an einem sandigen Flussabschnitt im Küstengebirge von Sao Paulo (Brasilien). (Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis Kiel University Kiel).

BoxshallG. A.HalseyS. H.2004. An introduction to copepod diversity. The Ray Society166: 1-421. (Henry Ling, The Dorset PressDorchester).

CamachoA. I.PuchC.1990. Une méthode pour la réalisation de dissections et de préparations provisoires de petits crustacés aquatiques souterrains et interstitiels. Crustaceana59: 1-8.

ChappuisP. A.1940. Die Harpacticoiden des Grundwassers des unteren Maintales. Archiv für Hydrobiologie36: 286-305.

ChappuisP. A.1955. Harpacticoïdes psammiques du lac Tanganika. Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines51: 68-80.

ChappuisP. A.1959. Deux Parastenocaris des sables du Niger. Bulletin de l’Institut Fondamental d’Afrique Noire (A Sciences Naturelles) 21(4): 1211-1215.

CorgosinhoP. H. C.Martínez ArbizuP.2005. Two new interstitial species of Remaneicaris Jakobi 1972 from the Ribeirao do Ouro River, Minas Gerais, Brazil, with a redefinition of the genus (Crustacea, Copepoda, Harpacticoida, Parastenocarididae). Senckenbergiana Biologica85: 147-162.

CorgosinhoP. H. C.Martínez ArbizuP.dos Santos-SilvaE. N.2007. Three new species of Remaneicaris Jakobi, 1972 (Copepoda, Harpacticoida, Parastenocarididae) from the Ribeirão do Ouro River, Minas Gerais, Brazil, with some remarks on the groundpattern of the Parastenocarididae. Zootaxa1437: 1-28.

CorgosinhoP. H. C.Martínez ArbizuP.dos Santos-SilvaE. N.2010. Revision of Brasilibathynellocaris Jakobi, 1972 (Copepoda: Harpacticoida: Parastenocarididae) with redefinition of the genus. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society159: 527-566.

CorgosinhoP. H. C.Martínez ArbizuP.PreviatelliD.2012a. Establishment of a new genus for Parastenocaris itica (Copepoda, Harpacticoida) from El Salvador, Central America, with discussion of the Parastenocaris fontinalis and P. proserpina groups. Iheringia Série Zoologia 102: 401-411.

CorgosinhoP. H. C.Martínez ArbizuP.ReidJ. W.2008. Revision of the genus Murunducaris (Copepoda: Harpacticoida: Parastenocarididae), with description of two species from South America. Journal of Crustacean Biology28: 700-720.

CorgosinhoP. H. C.Ranga ReddyY.Martínez ArbizuP.2012b. Revision of the genus Siolicaris Jakobi, 1972, with redescriptions of S. sioli (Noodt, 1963) and S. jakobi (Noodt, 1963) from South America, and S. sandhya (Ranga Reddy, 2001) comb. nov. from India (Copepoda, Harpacticoida, Parastenocarididae). Zootaxa3493: 49-71.

CottarelliV.BrunoM. C.BereraR.2010. First record of Parastenocarididae from Thailand and description of a new genus (Copepoda: Harpacticoida). Journal of Crustacean Biology30: 478-494.

DefayeD.DussartB.2011. World directory of Crustacea Copepoda of inland waters. III — Harpacticoida IV — Gelyelloida: 1-450. (Backhuys & MargrafWeikersheim).

DumontH. J.1981. Cladocera and free-living Copepoda from the Fouta Djalon and adjacent mountain areas in west Africa. Hydrobiologia85: 97-116.

DussartB.DefayeD.2001. Introduction to the Copepoda. In: Guides to the identification of the microinvertebrates of the continental waters of the world16: 1-344. (BackhuysLeiden).

DussartB. H.1979. Algunos copépodos de América del Sur. Publicaciones Ocasionales del Museo Nacional de Historia Natural Santiago de Chile 30: 1-3figs. 1-7.

FischerL.1998. Parastenocarididae (Copepoda) aus Stränden des Malawisees (Ostafrika): Taxonomie Vertikalverteilung und geographische Verbreitung. (Diplomarbeit Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg).

FryerG.1956. New species of cyclopoid and harpacticoid copepods from sandy beaches of Lake Nyasa. Annals and Magazine of Natural History12: 225-249.

GalassiD. P.de LaurentisP.2004. Towards a revision of the genus Parastenocaris Kessler, 1913: establishment of Simplicaris gen. nov. from groundwaters in central Italy and review of the P. brevipes-group (Copepoda, Harpacticoida, Parastenocarididae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 140: 417-436.

GaviriaS.DefayeD.2015. Description of Elaphoidella paramuna n.sp. (Canthocamptidae), a new harpacticoid copepod from Colombia. Crustaceana88: 1003-1029.

Gaviria-MeloS.WalterT. C.HuysR.2017. Parastenocarididae Chappuis 1940. In: T. C. Walter & G. Boxshall (eds.) World of copepods database available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/copepoda (accessed 19 February 2017).

GlatzelT.1991. Neue morphologische Aspekte und die Copepodid-Stadien von Parastenocaris phyllura Kiefer (Copepoda, Harpacticoida). Zoologica Scripta20: 375-393.

HuysR.BoxshallG.1991. Copepod evolution. The Ray Society159: 1-468. (Unwin BrothersWoking).

ICZN1999. International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (4th ed.). (International Trust for Zoological NomenclatureLondon).

JakobiH.1969. Forficatocaris noodti n. gen., n. sp. (Copepoda Harpacticoidea) aus brasilianischem Limnopsammal. Crustaceana17: 231-238.

JakobiH.1972. Trends (Enp. P4) innerhalb der Parastenocarididen (Copepoda, Harpacticoidea). Crustaceana22: 127-146.

JakobiH.De Loyola E SilvaJ.1962. Two new species of Parastenocaris from Santa Catarina, Brazil (Copepoda: Harpacticoidea). Proceedings of the United States National Museum113(3458): 389-397.

KaranovicT. W.ChoJ. L.LeeW.2012. Redefinition of the parastenocaridid genus Proserpinicaris (Copepoda, Harpacticoida) with description of three new species from Korea. Journal of Natural History46: 1573-1613.

KaranovicT. W.CooperS. J. B.2011. Third genus of parastenocaridid copepods from Australia supported by molecular evidence (Crustacea, Harpacticoida). In: Studies on freshwater Copepoda. Crustaceana Monographs16: 293-337. (BrillLeiden).

KaranovicT. W.LeeW.2012. Invertebrate fauna of the world 21 number 2 Arthropoda: Crustacea: Harpacticoida: Parastenocarididae. Parastenocaridid copepods: 1-232. (National Institute of Biological ResourcesIncheon).

KesslerF.1913. Parastenocaris brevipes nov. gen. et nov. spec., ein neuer Süsswasserharpacticide. Zoologischer Anzeiger42(11): 514-520figs. 1-9.

KieferF.1967. Neue Copepoda Harpacticoida aus dem Amazonasgebiet. Crustaceana13: 114-122.

LangK.1948. Monographie der Harpacticiden 1: 1-896 figs. 1-361; 2: 897-1682 figs. 362-607 maps 1-378. (Hakan Ohlsson’s BoktryckeriLund; reprinted Nordiska Bokhandeln Stockholm).

Martínez ArbizuP.1997. Parastenocaris hispanica n.sp. (Copepoda: Harpacticoida: Parastenocarididae) from hyporheic groundwaters in Spain and its phylogenetic position within the fontinalis-group of species. Contributions to Zoology66: 215-226.

Martínez ArbizuP.MouraG.1994. The phylogenetic position of the Cylindropsyllinae Sars (Copepoda, Harpacticoida) and the systematic status of the Leptopontiinae Lang. Zoologische Beiträge Neue Folge 35: 55-77.

MenzelR.1916. Über das Auftreten der Harpacticidengattungen Epactophanes Mrázek und Parastenocaris Kessler in Surinam. Zoologischer Anzeiger47: 145-152.

MenzelR.1921. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Mikrofauna von Niederländisch Ost-Indien. III. Harpacticiden als Bromeliaceenbewohner. Treubia2: 137-141.

NoodtW.1955. Eine neue Parastenocaris (Copepoda-Harpacticoidea) als Vertreter in limnischen Mesopsammons aus Südamerika. Archiv für Hydrobiologie50: 76-81.

NoodtW.1962. Limnisch-subterrane Copepoden der Gattung Parastenocaris Kessler aus Mittelamerika. Beiträge zur Neotropischen Fauna2: 223-248.

NoodtW.1963. Subterrane Crustaceen der zentralen Neotropis. Zur Frage mariner Relikte im Bereich des Río Paraguay-Pará-Amazonas-Systems. Zoologischer Anzeiger171: 114-147.

NoodtW.1965. Crustacea Subterranea aus Argentinien. Beiträge zur Neotropischen Fauna4: 84-129.

NoodtW.1972. Drei neue Parastenocaris aus Kolumbien (Crustacea, Copepoda). 1. Mitteilung über kolumbianische Grundwasser-Crustaceen. Studies on Neotropical Fauna7: 101-112.

NoodtW.GalhanoM. H.1969. Studien an Crustacea subterranea (Isopoda, Syncarida, Copepoda) aus dem Norden Portugals. Publicações do Instituto de Zoologia “Dr. Augusto Nobre” Faculdade de Ciencias do Porto107: 1-75.

Ranga ReddyY. R.2001. Discovery of Parastenocarididae (Copepoda, Harpacticoida) in India, with the description of three new species of Parastenocaris Kessler, 1913, from the River Krishna at Vijayawada. Crustaceana74: 705-733.

Ranga ReddyY. R.TotakuraV. R.CorgosinhoP. H. C.2014. Himalayacaris alaknanda n.gen., n.sp. (Copepoda: Harpacticoida: Parastenocarididae) from the hyporheic zone of a Himalayan River, northern India. Journal of Crustacean Biology34: 801-819.

Ranga ReddyY. R.TotakuraV. R.ShaikS.2016. A new genus and two new species of Parastenocarididae (Copepoda: Harpacticoida) from southeastern India. Journal of Natural History50: 1315-1356.

ReidJ. W.1982. Forficatocaris schadeni, a new copepod (Harpacticoida) from central Brazil, with keys to the species of the genus. Journal of Crustacean Biology2: 578-587.

ReidJ. W.1994. Murunducaris juneae, new genus, new species (Copepoda: Harpacticoida: Parastenocarididae) from a wet campo in central Brazil. Journal of Crustacean Biology14: 771-781.

ReidJ. W.1995. Redescription of Parastenocaris brevipes Kessler and description of a new species of Parastenocaris (Copepoda: Harpacticoida: Parastenocarididae) from the U.S.A. Canadian Journal of Zoology73: 173-187.

SchminkeH. K.1986. The systematic confusion within the family Parastenocarididae (Copepoda Harpacticoida). In: G. SchrieverH. K. Schminke & C.-T. Shih (eds.) Proceedings of the second international conference on Copepoda Ottawa Canada 13-17 August 1984. Syllogeus 58: 635. (Abstract.)

SchminkeH. K.2009. Monodicaris gen. n. (Copepoda, Harpacticoida), and description of a new species. Crustaceana81: 367-378.

SchminkeH. K.2010. High-level phylogenetic relationships within Parastenocarididae (Copepoda, Harpacticoida). Crustaceana83: 343-367.

SchminkeH. K.2013. Stammericaris Jakobi, 1972 redefined and a new genus of Parastenocarididae (Copepoda, Harpacticoida). Crustaceana86: 704-717.

SchnitterH.ChappuisP. A.1915. Parastenocaris fontinalis nov. spec., ein neuer Süsswasserharpacticide. Zugleich ein Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Gattung Parastenocaris Kessler. Zoologischer Anzeiger45: 290-302.

TotakuraV. R.Ranga ReddyY. R.ShaikS.2014. Three new species of Parastenocarididae (Crustacea, Copepoda, Harpacticoida) from India. Zootaxa3821: 501-537.

WellsJ. B. J.1965. Six new species of Parastenocaris (Crustacea, Copepoda) from southern Rhodesia. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (13) 7: 193-204.

WellsJ. B. J.2007. An annotated checklist and keys to the species of Copepoda Harpacticoida (Crustacea). Zootaxa1568: 1-872.

Figures

  • View in gallery

    SEM photographs of Colombocaris isabellae n. gen., n. sp., male: a, habitus paratype MNHN-IU-2013-8004, lateral; b, anterior region of cephalothorax, dorsolateral (arrows indicate integumental pores); c, cephalosome (with integumental window) and first free thorax somite, lateral; d, anal somite and furca (arrow indicates multispinous process), laterodorsal.

  • View in gallery

    SEM photographs of Colombocaris isabellae n. gen., n. sp., paratypes NHMW 25528, males: a, A1 extended position; b, A1 coiled position, another paratype; c, P2, endopods; d, P5, latero-ventral view.

  • View in gallery

    Colombocaris isabellae n. gen., n. sp., male: a, habitus, dorsal; b, habitus, lateral.

  • View in gallery

    Colombocaris isabellae n. gen., n. sp., male: a, anal somite and furca, lateral; b, same, dorsal. Roman numbers, see text.

  • View in gallery

    Colombocaris isabellae n. gen., n. sp., male: a, A1 extended; b, A1 coiled (without setae and aethetascs); c, A2; d, A2, exopod; e, maxilliped; f, first and second urosomites with P5, ventral.

  • View in gallery

    Colombocaris isabellae n. gen., n. sp., male: a, P1, anterior view; b, P2, anterior; c, P2, endopod enlarged; d, P3, anterior; e, P3, exopod inner view (paratype NHMW 25499); f, P4, anterior (endopod turned, lateral view); g, P4, endopods, anterior view (paratype NHMW 25499).

  • View in gallery

    Noodtcaris tapajosensis (Noodt, 1963) n. gen., n. comb., male: a, anal somite and furca, dorsal view; b, A1; c, P1; d, P2.

  • View in gallery

    Noodtcaris tapajosensis (Noodt, 1963) n. gen., n. comb., male: a, P3; b, P4; c, P5.

Index Card

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 35 35 7
Full Text Views 10 10 10
PDF Downloads 0 0 0
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0