Palaeogene and Neogene brachyurans of the Amazon basin: a revised first appearance date for primary freshwater crabs (Brachyura, Trichodactylidae)

in Crustaceana
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We describe claw fragments of fossil primary freshwater crabs from three areas in the Amazon basin, Tarapoto (Early Oligocene) and Contamana (Middle Eocene to early Late Miocene) in Peru, and Eirunepé (Late Miocene) in Brazil. All these fragments most likely belong to the family Trichodactylidae. We show a continuous presence of primary freshwater crabs in proto-Amazonian lowlands from the Middle Eocene to the Late Miocene and can thus shift the earliest appearance date of freshwater-adapted brachyurans into the Eocene, at least in the Neotropics.

Palaeogene and Neogene brachyurans of the Amazon basin: a revised first appearance date for primary freshwater crabs (Brachyura, Trichodactylidae)

in Crustaceana

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Figures

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    Habitus of the brachyuran claw (right chela).

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    Location of the sampling sites within the Amazon drainage in Peru and Brazil.

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    Freshwater crab claw fragments from Peru and Brazil grouped according to their stratigraphical position: A, Eirunepé, Brazil; B, D, E, sites at Contamana, Peru; C, Tarapoto, Peru. Likely identity as pollex or dactylus is indicated by orientation of the claws’ cutting edge (upwards vs. downwards). All claws are of the same scale.

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