New records of king crabs (Decapoda, Anomura, Lithodidae) from southern Brazil

in Crustaceana
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Until now only six species of lithodids have been found occasionally in the Brazilian coast. Most king crabs are accidentally caught during fisheries targeting other species. Herein we report new records for Lithodes confundens and Neolithodes aff. asperrimus from the south of Brazil, from the states of Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina, respectively. Lithodes confundens is found in the western Atlantic with a previous northern limit in the Province of Buenos Aires, Argentina. Neolithodes aff. asperrimus is known to occur only along the western coast of Africa in the eastern Atlantic and this is the first record of the species in the western Atlantic.

New records of king crabs (Decapoda, Anomura, Lithodidae) from southern Brazil

in Crustaceana



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  • View in gallery

    Lithodes confundens Macpherson, 1988, female, CL 142 mm, CW 135 mm, Rio Grande do Sul (LSZ 0127): A, dorsal habitus; B, cephalothorax and abdomen, ventral view; C, cephalothorax, front; D, right cheliped, lateral view; E, left cheliped, lateral view. Scale bars: A, 30 mm; B-E, 20 mm.

  • View in gallery

    Neolithodes asperrimus Barnard, 1947, male, CL 168 mm, CW 136 mm, Santa Catarina (CENEMAR CAR 0116): A, dorsal habitus; B, cephalothorax and abdomen, ventral view; C, cephalothorax, front; D, dactylus of third walking leg, ventral view; E, right cheliped, lateral view; F, left cheliped, lateral view. Scale bars: A-B, 50 mm; C, 10 mm; D, 40 mm; E-F, 20 mm.


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