The population structure and parasitic relationships of oyster (Crassostrea angulata), Arcotheres sinensis (Pinnotheridae), and Rhopalione sinensis (Bopyridae) at the oyster reefs of western Taiwan

in Crustaceana
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Abstract

This study examined the relationships among hosts, parasites, and hyperparasites of oyster farming on the west coast of Taiwan from June 2012 to August 2013. In a region of Taisi (Taiwan), which was composed of near coast and far coast racks, a total of 77 155 oysters were collected. Among them, 1166 oysters were parasitized by pea crabs, with the rate of parasitism of oysters by the pea crab, Arcotheres sinensis (Shen, 1932) being 1.51%. A total 1523 pea crabs were collected with a sex ratio of females to males of 1.03 : 1. A total of 285 bopyrid isopod parasites Rhopalione sinensis Markham, 1990 were collected from the pea crabs. The hyperparasitic rate of female pea crabs was 22.1%, and the sex ratio of female to male isopods was 1.16 : 1. Most of the pea crabs entered their hosts when the crabs were small, which allowed them to grow within the host.

The population structure and parasitic relationships of oyster (Crassostrea angulata), Arcotheres sinensis (Pinnotheridae), and Rhopalione sinensis (Bopyridae) at the oyster reefs of western Taiwan

in Crustaceana

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Figures

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    Female pea crab Arcotheres sinensis (Shen, 1932) with the hyperparasitic bopyrid isopod Rhopalione sinensis Markham, 1990 (dorsal view).

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    Parameters of hosts, parasites, and hyperparasites of oyster farms on the west coast of Taiwan from June 2012 to July 2014

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    Population structure of pea crabs Arcotheres sinensis (Shen, 1932) on an oyster reef in Beimen Lagoon (Taiwan) during the period from June 2012 to May 2013. The hyperparasitic bopyrid isopod was Rhopalione sinensis Markham, 1990.

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    The pea crab, Arcotheres sinensis (Shen, 1932) in an oyster reef at Beimen Lagoon (Taiwan): A, distribution of carapace width (CW) of male crabs; and, B, three status of female crabs; both at various size classes (mm). The hyperparasitic bopyrid isopod (HPs) was Rhopalione sinensis Markham, 1990.

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    Monthly average of ovigerous and hyperparasitized pea crabs Arcotheres sinensis (Shen, 1932) on two oyster racks from June 2012 to May 2013. The hyperparasitic bopyrid isopod was Rhopalione sinensis Markham, 1990: A, the Beimen site; B, the Taisi site; as both described in the text.

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    Distribution of the observed values of the right shell length (SL, mm) of oysters, Crassostrea angulata (Lamarck, 1819) with parasitic pea crabs Arcotheres sinensis (Shen, 1932) on two oyster racks at the Taisi site (Taiwan).

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    Population structure of the parasitic pea crab, Arcotheres sinensis (Shen, 1932) on an oyster reef at the Taisi site (Taiwan) from June 2012 to August 2013. Panel A shows the data for the near coast rack NC, panel B for the far coast rack FC.

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    The pea crab, Arcotheres sinensis (Shen, 1932): distribution of carapace width (CW) of, A, male; and, B, female crabs, on two oyster racks at the Taisi site (Taiwan); the HPs were hyperparasitized by the bopyrid isopod, Rhopalione sinensis Markham, 1990.

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    Population structure of the hyperparasitic bopyrid isopod, Rhopalione sinensis Markham, 1990 on two oyster reefs at the Taisi site (Taiwan) from June 2012 to August 2013: A, data observed for the near coast rack NC; and, B, for far coast rack FC.

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    The hyperparasitic bopyrid isopod, Rhopalione sinensis Markham, 1990, in pea crabs, Arcotheres sinensis (Shen, 1932), on two oyster racks at the Taisi site (Taiwan). Distribution of body length (BL) of, A, males; and, B, females.

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    Relationship between right shell length (SL) of the oyster, Crassostrea angulata (Lamarck, 1819) and the carapace width (CW) of ovigerous female (n=192), non-ovigerous female (n=515), and male (n=695) pea crabs, Arcotheres sinensis (Shen, 1932), on two oyster racks at the Taisi site (Taiwan) from June 2012 to August 2013.

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    Relationship between carapace width (CW) of the parasitic pea crab, Arcotheres sinensis (Shen, 1932) and the body length (BL) of ovigerous female (n=80), non-ovigerous female (n=73), and male (n=132) hyperparasitic bopyrid isopods, Rhopalione sinensis Markham, 1990, on two oyster racks at the Taisi site (Taiwan) from June 2012 to August 2013.

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    Relationship between the carapace width of males (CMM) and females (CWF) of the parasitic pea crab, Arcotheres sinensis (Shen, 1932) (n=273), on two oyster racks at the Taisi site (Taiwan) from June 2012 to August 2013.

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    Relationship between the body length of males (BLM) and females (BLF) of the hyperparasitic bopyrid isopod, Rhopalione sinensis Markham, 1990 (n=129), on two oyster racks at the Taisi site (Taiwan) from June 2012 to August 2013.

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