Estimating military secret service on moslem the East, it is necessary to mark that there were both positive moments in its organization and negative. On the extent of the second half XIX century the secret service structures of empire were in the process of construction of the structure and searches of the most acceptable methods of work, completed only at the beginning of XX century. Military secret service on the moslem East carried in an examined period sporadic character and activated as far as a necessity. erefore, in spite of relatively permanent receipt of information about a region, this process was not to the end well-organized. The lacks of work of secret service agents were also the absence of the special preparation and rivalry with the representatives of foreign Ministry. Offcial, unoffcial and temporal soldiery agents, and also staff of territorial departments, were engaged in military secret service. It is possible to select four forms of its realization: reconnaissances, military-scientic expeditions, military-diplomatic missions, secret-service secret service. They closely interlaced between itself, and in military and peaceful time had the different filling.