Novgorod the Great occupies an important place in Russian history and historiography. The so-called democratic structure of Novgorod had been idealized by Russian writers, but the fact that Novgorod was captured by Moscow was simultaneously considered to be a progressive development. R. G. Skrynnikov studied the history of Novgorod at the beginning of his career. He believed that pomest’e estates arose in the Novgorod region as a result of Moscow’s agression. As for Ivan IV’s terror against the city, Skrynnikov thought it was primarily a campaign against the democratic traditions of Novgorodian people. Skrynnikov was a representative of the Saint-Petersburg school of history characterized by anthropocentrism, esteem for sources, and historiography without political ideology.