The Internet and Taiwan’s New Civic Movement in the Information Age: Hung Chung-chiu’s Case (2013)

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  • 1 Department of Political Science & Institute of Political Economy, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan

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Abstract

Using the case of the death of a 24-year old Taiwanese soldier, Hung Chung-chiu (洪仲丘), this article investigates the evolving phenomenon of Taiwan’s new civic movement that is highly mediated and empowered by Information and Communications Technologies (icts). Examining the case of a tragic death of Army Corporal Hung, this article argues that enhanced public engagement and awareness of citizens’ rights in the military will ultimately further strengthen Taiwan’s civil society and will eventual help consolidate Taiwan’s young democracy.

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  • 1

    From 1951 to 1988, the Taiwanese government imposed what is notoriously known as the ‘Three Restrictions’ mechanism to control the media by allegedly claiming there was ‘paper shortage’. The ‘Three Restrictions’ included restriction on the number of license-holders that could publish daily newspaper, restriction on the number of pages in each newspaper, and restriction on the place that could print newspaper. During this period, there were only 31 newspaper licenses available in Taiwan with the legal limit of the number of pages merely up to twelve pages. It is widely held that there was only limited media competition and freedom, as many of the newspapers were directly owned by the Taiwanese government, the kmt, or the military.

  • 3

    For more information about Citizen 1985, please refer to their official website on Facebook, where the group publicises its causes and shares information of its plans, opinions, and approaches to how ordinary people or civic organisations might be able to organise protests. See https://www.facebook.com/pttcitizen1985.

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