Using the case of the death of a 24-year old Taiwanese soldier, Hung Chung-chiu (洪仲丘), this article investigates the evolving phenomenon of Taiwan’s new civic movement that is highly mediated and empowered by Information and Communications Technologies (icts). Examining the case of a tragic death of Army Corporal Hung, this article argues that enhanced public engagement and awareness of citizens’ rights in the military will ultimately further strengthen Taiwan’s civil society and will eventual help consolidate Taiwan’s young democracy.
AFP‘Taiwan protesters demand justice for dead corporal’2013July19Retrieved 29 November 2013 from: http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5iPzH4TNOV6dKukaieZvmnaYZQg8g?docId=CNG.6195e7305610d2d97443a5dfc6cc5905.3c1
BrownGraham K.AbbottJason P.‘Between Gramsci and Gaffiti: Opposition Politics and the Impact of the Internet in Malaysia’The Political Economy of the Internet in Asia and the Pacific: Digital Divides Economic Competitiveness and Security Challenges2004LondonPraeger7798
LiLauly‘Citizen 1985: The Mysterious Group behind Hung Protests’The China Post2013August5Retrieved 29 November 2013 from: http://www.chinapost.com.tw/taiwan/national/national-news/2013/08/05/385577/Citizen-1985.htm
LiuJohn‘Hung’s Death Result of ‘Others’ Actions’: Report’The China Post2013July27Retrieved 29 November 2013 from: http://www.chinapost.com.tw/taiwan/national/national-news/2013/07/27/384862/Hungs-death.htm
Military News Agency‘Guofangbu zhaokai linshi jizhehui, shuoming hongan xingzheng diaocha jieguo’NMD Calls for an Impromptu Press Conference to Explain the Results of their Administrative Investigation on Hung’s CaseMilitary News Agency2013July15Retrieved 29 November 2013 from: http://mna.gpwb.gov.tw/Mobile/IndexDetail.aspx?id=61553
Office of Information Services‘Executive Yuan Affirms Protest over Military Death, Responds to Demands’Office of Information Services2013August3(Executive Yuan). Retrieved 29 November 2013 from: http://www.ey.gov.tw/en/News_Content2.aspx?n=1C6028CA080A27B3&s=802ABA28B4C46773
From 1951 to1988the Taiwanese government imposed what is notoriously known as the ‘Three Restrictions’ mechanism to control the media by allegedly claiming there was ‘paper shortage’. The ‘Three Restrictions’ included restriction on the number of license-holders that could publish daily newspaper restriction on the number of pages in each newspaper and restriction on the place that could print newspaper. During this period there were only 31 newspaper licenses available in Taiwan with the legal limit of the number of pages merely up to twelve pages. It is widely held that there was only limited media competition and freedom as many of the newspapers were directly owned by the Taiwanese government the kmt or the military.
For more information about Citizen1985please refer to their official website on Facebook where the group publicises its causes and shares information of its plans opinions and approaches to how ordinary people or civic organisations might be able to organise protests. See https://www.facebook.com/pttcitizen1985.