Refining the Reconstruction of Col. 2 of the Temple Scroll (11QTa): The Turn to Digital Mapping and Historical Syntax

in Dead Sea Discoveries
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Digital technology significantly expands the resources available to scholars seeking to reconstruct ancient manuscripts and, in combination with conventional philology, contributes to a more accurate reconstruction of both the text and the line breaks of col. 2 of the Temple Scroll. The column’s fragmentary condition led Yadin and Qimron to diverge in their reconstructions of the manuscript’s line-breaks and its lacunae. The problem is most acute at 2:8–9, where the scroll’s composer expanded the base text of Exod 34 with Deut 7:25–26. By employing techniques of digital mapping in conjunction with historical syntax, this article helps reconstruct the column’s line-breaks, helps restore the lacunae, and offers a refined reconstruction of the column.

Refining the Reconstruction of Col. 2 of the Temple Scroll (11QTa): The Turn to Digital Mapping and Historical Syntax

in Dead Sea Discoveries

Sections

References

5

YadinTemple Scroll1:73–77.

8

YadinTemple Scroll2:2–3.

12

CrawfordTemple Scroll12. Crawford cites Yadin who argued that Scribe B was responsible for cols. 6–66 which “reflects the medial Herodian” while the script of Scribe A (cols. 1–5) is “of the developed Herodian mode” (Yadin Temple Scroll 1:18).

13

YadinTemple Scroll1:12; and Crawford Temple Scroll 12.

18

YadinTemple Scroll2:1.

23

Steudel“Tempelrolle” 6. Consistent with the study edition format Steudel does not note or comment on the line-break adjustment.

29

Zuckerman“Dynamics of Change in the Computer Imaging” 13–19.

39

YadinTemple Scroll 2:2–3. Steudel follows Yadin here (“Tempelrolle” 6).

40

Qimron“מגילת המקדש” 141. Qimron is followed by Riska (Temple Scroll 35) and tentatively followed by Schiffman (Temple Scroll 14).

Figures

  • View in gallery
    Ardon Bar Hama digital photograph of Col. 2.

    © imj by ardon bar hama2.

  • View in gallery
    Yadin’s and Qimron’s reconstructions of col. 2.
  • View in gallery
    Infrared Ardon Bar Hama digital photograph of col. 2.

    © imj by ardon bar hama

  • View in gallery
    Yadin’s reconstruction mapped onto column 2.

    © bernard m. levinson; digital reconstruction by bruce zuckerman in collaboration with marilyn j. lundberg

  • View in gallery
    Qimron’s reconstruction mapped onto column 2.

    © bernard m. levinson; digital reconstruction by bruce zuckerman in collaboration with marilyn j. lundberg

  • View in gallery
    Proposed reconstruction mapped onto column 2.

    © bernard m. levinson; digital reconstruction by bruce zuckerman in collaboration with marilyn j. lundberg

  • View in gallery View in gallery
    Transcription and translation of proposed reconstruction of col. 2.
  • View in gallery
    Detail of line 13 with long form of 3 m. pl. suffix ( .(‐המה

    © bernard m. levinson; digital reconstruction by bruce zuckerman in collaboration with marilyn j. lundberg

  • View in gallery
    Detail of line 13 with short form of 3 m. pl. suffix ( .(-הם

    © bernard m. levinson; digital reconstruction by bruce zuckerman in collaboration with marilyn j. lundberg

  • View in gallery
    Alphabet according to extant letters in col. 2 ( ג added from col. 4).

    © bernard m. levinson; digital reconstruction by bruce zuckerman in collaboration with marilyn j. lundberg

  • View in gallery
    Detail of line 13 with small scale .-המה

    © bernard m. levinson; digital reconstruction by bruce zuckerman in collaboration with marilyn j. lundberg

  • View in gallery
    mt Deut 7:25b–26aα
  • View in gallery
    Extant text of 11QT 2:8–9, preserving a portion of Deut 7:25b–26aα
  • View in gallery
    Yadin’s and Qimron’s contrasting reconstructions at 2:8–9

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