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Reproof in cd 9:2–8 and 1QS 5:24–6:1

A Note on a Curious Omission

In: Dead Sea Discoveries
Author:
Kengo Akiyama University of California Davis

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Abstract

The Damascus Document (cd 9:28) and the Serekh (1QS 5:246:1) amplify Leviticus 19:1718 and carefully spell out the legal procedure for open reproof. In doing so, however, they both omit the key phrase of Leviticus 19:18b (ואהבת לרעך כמוך). This short note suggests that the omission is deliberate and results from a specific sectarian reading of Leviticus 19:1718. The sectarians are construing this scriptural mandate as a legal command in contrast to the more mainstream reading as exhortation in the Second Temple period.

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