How to Tackle (Organized) Crime in Europe? The EU Policy Cycle on Serious and Organized Crime and the New Emphasis on Harm

in European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice
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In 2002, the European Council set up Eurojust, a judicial cooperative body, “with a view to reinforcing the fight against serious crime” (European Council, 2002) and, in 2009, it enlarged Europol’s mission “to support and strengthen action by the competent authorities of the Member States and their mutual cooperation in preventing and combating organised crime, terrorism and other forms of serious crime affecting two or more Member States” (European Council, 2009, Article 3). The 2009 “Stockholm Programme”, the third EU multi-annual programme to put an “area of freedom, security and justice” in place, also called for “protection against serious and organised crime” (European Council, 2010).


Mackenzie and Hamilton-Smith (2011) discuss some of the difficulties encountered by SOCA in implementing a harm-based approach.


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