Are Police Records Criminal Records?

Disclosure of Criminal Information and the Presumption of Innocence

in European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice
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Criminal background checks are used often for employment purposes. In some countries like the uk these checks tend to disclose not only convictions but also police information like arrests, cautions, and acquittals. By contrast, in other continental European countries criminal background checks for employment purposes tend to disclose only convictions. This paper argues that the disclosure of police information like, for example, arrest records is against the presumption of innocence and the right to privacy as interpreted by the European Court of Human Rights.

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References

13

Larrauri and Jacobs (2013), op. cit. In The Netherlands for example information on open cases, or dismissals might be considered, but not disclosed, before granting a certificate of good conduct (Boone, 2011, op. cit.).

16

Morgenstern (2011), op. cit.

24

Weigend (2013), op. cit., p. 198.

25

Jacobs et al. (2010), p. 246.

29

Campbell (2013), op. cit., p. 700.

32

Campbell (2013), op. cit., p. 700.

37

Jacobs and Larrauri (2012), op. cit.

41

A. Von Hirsch, Censure and Sanctions (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993).

44

Ashworth and Redmayne (2010), op. cit.; P. Hynes and M. Elkins, ‘Suggestions for reform to the police cautioning procedure’, 12 Criminal Law Review (2013) p. 966.

45

R. Morgan, Summary justice, Fast – but Fair? (London: Centre for Crime and Justice Studies, 2008) for a discussion on pre-court disposals; and Padfield et al. (2012), op. cit. (on out of court disposals).

46

Ashworth and Redmayne (2010), op. cit., p. 170.

49

Hynes and Elkins (2013), op. cit.

50

Ashworth and Redmayne (2010), op. cit.

55

Baldwin (2010), op. cit., p. 162; italics in original.

56

Baldwin (2010), op. cit., p. 163.

58

Duff (2013), op. cit., p. 178.

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