‘Peeling Back the Mask’: Sociopathy and the Rhizomes of the eu Food Industry

in European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

This article examines the eu food industry (apropos of the 2013 ‘Horse Meat Scandal’) applying the notion of sociopathy which has hitherto been confined to analyses of corporate banking and insurance. In the ‘underground’ of the eu meat industry we encounter sociopaths nurtured not only by the rhizomes of its industrial con, but also by collective consumer apathy: Despite a pervasive culture of food fraud—with at least 1305 different ingredient adulteration cases since 1980—there is little criminological examination of the culture and environment of the everyday, ‘harmless’, sociopaths present in the tributaries of the eu food supply. More than merely mapping the food industry sociopath, our overall aim is to contribute an interdisciplinary reading of the processes which sustain and reproduce his kind.

‘Peeling Back the Mask’: Sociopathy and the Rhizomes of the eu Food Industry

in European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice

Sections

References

  • AbbotsE. and ColesB.‘Horsemeat-gate: The discursive production of a neoliberal food scandal’, 16 FoodCulture and Society: An International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research (2013) 535550.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • AkhtarR.AhmetogluG. and Chamorro-PremuzicT.Greed is good? Assessing the relationship between entrepreneurship and subclinical psychopathy54 Personality and Individual Differences (2012) 420425.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BakanJ.The Corporation: The Pathological pursuit of profit and power (New York, NY: Simon and Schuster2005).

  • BarclayE. (2012). Is it safe to eat ‘pink slime’? available online athttp://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2012/03/09/148298678/is-it-safe-to-eat-pink-slime.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BashamB. (2011). Beware corporate psychopaths – they are still occupying positions of power,The Independent (29 December 2011) available online at http://www.independent.co.uk/news/business/comment/brian-basham-beware-corporate-psychopaths-they-are-still-occupying-positions-of-power-6282502.html.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • bbc QandA Horsemeat Scandal. bbc News (2013a) available online at http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-21335872.

  • bbc Ikea meatball batch withdrawn in us over horsemeat find bbc News (2013b) available online at www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-21580924.

  • bbc Why are the British revolted by the idea of horsemeat? bbc News Magazine (2013c) available online at www.bbc.com/news/magazine-21043368.

  • BelfortJ.The Wolf of Wall Street (New York, ny: Random House2007).

  • BoddyC.R.The dark side of management decisions: Organisational psychopaths44 Management Decision (2006) 14611475.

  • BoddyC.R.The Corporate Psychopaths theory of the global financial crisis102 Journal of Business Ethics (2011) 255259.

  • BoddyC.R.LadyshewskyR.K. andGalvinP.The influence of corporate psychopaths on corporate social responsibility and organizational commitment to employees97 Journal of Business Ethics (2010) 119.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BraithwaiteJ.Criminological theory and organizational crime6 Justice Quarterly (1989) 333358.

  • BraithwaiteJ.The new regulatory state and the transformation of criminology40 British Journal of Criminology (2000) 222238.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BraithwaiteJ.Corporate crime in the pharmaceutical industry (London: Routledge2013).

  • ClaridgeJ.England’s sacred beast?63 History Today (2013) 3136.

  • CroallH. Victims of white collar crime in S. Lindgren J.W. Coleman and D. Shannon (eds) White-collar crime research: Old views and future potentials: lectures and papers from a scandinavian seminar (London: National Council for Crime Prevention2001) pp. 3555.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CroallH.Food, crime, harm and regulation: Hazel Croall examines food production and its long standing association with illegality and criminality90 Criminal Justice Matters (2012) 1617.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Department for Environment Food and Rural AffairsGetting and using a horse passport (London: Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs2013).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • DeleuzeG. and GuattariF.Introduction: Rhizome’ in G. Deleuze and F. Guattari (eds) A thousand plateaus: Capitalism and schizophrenia (Amsterdam: Elsevier Science1987) pp. 325.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • DionM.Corporate crime and the dysfunction of value networks16 Journal of Financial Crime (2009) 436445.

  • DowieM.Pinto MadnessMother Jones (1977) available online at http://www.motherjones.com/politics/1977/09/pinto-madness.

  • efsafaq on phenylbutazone in horsemeat (Brussels: esfa2013).

  • ElliotC.Elliott Review into the Integrity and Assurance of Food Supply Networks: Interim Report (2013) available online at https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/350726/elliot-review-final-report-july2014.pdf.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • factsMeat species substitution: when what you see is not what you getFood and Allergy Consulting and Testing Services Newsletter (2012) available online at http://www.scienceinafrica.com/insight-opinion/meat-species-substitution-when-what-you-see-not-what-you-get.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GallagherM. and ThomasI.Food fraud: The deliberate adulteration and misdescription of foodstuffs5 European Food And Feed Law Review (2010) 347353.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GlasbeekH.J.Wealth by stealth: Corporate crime corporate law and the perversion of democracy (Toronto, on: Between the Lines2002).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GobertJ.The evolving legal test of corporate criminal liability (Los Angeles, ca: Sage2008) pp. 6180.

  • HallJ.R. and BenningS.D.The “Successful” Psychopath: Adaptive and Subclinical Manifestations of Psychopathy in the General Population in J.R. Hall S.D. Benning and C.J. Patrick (eds) (2006). Handbook of psychopathy (New York, ny: Guilford Press2006) pp. 459478.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • HardingL. and TraynorI.Horsemeat Scandal: Dutch meat trader could be central figureThe Guardian (13 February 2013) available online at http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2013/feb/13/horsemeat-scandal-dutch-connection-romania.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • HatashinO.Corporate crime and criminal justice in a different cultural environment. in: J. Minkes and L. Minkes (eds) Corporate and white collar crime (London: Sage2008) pp. 141160.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • HustonM.The upside of dark minds59 Psychology Today (2013) available online at https://www.psychologytoday.com/articles/201305/the-upside-dark-minds.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • KaimanJ.China fake meat scandal: telling your rat from your muttonThe Guardian (3 May 2013) available online at http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/may/03/china-fake-meat-rat-mutton.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • KretowiczE.Skippy meat scandal became global jokeThe Canberra Times (18 November 2012) available online at http://www.canberratimes.com.au/act-news/skippy-meat-scandal-became-global-joke-20121117–29jp2.html.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LawrenceF.Not on the label: What really goes into the food on your plate (London: Penguin2013a).

  • LawrenceF. Horsemeat Scandal: Timeline The Guardian (10 May 2013b) available online at http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2013/may/10/horsemeat-scandal-timeline-investigation.

  • LawrenceF. Horsemeat Scandal: Where did the 29% horse in your Tesco burger come from? The Guardian (22 October 2013c) available online at http://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2013/oct/22/horsemeat-scandal-guardian-investigation-public-secrecy.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LawrenceF.The complex food supply chain that led to the horsemeat scandal The Guardian (22 October2013d).

  • LawrenceF. Horsemeat Scandal: Chief of Irish beef company to face mps The Guardian (4 March 2013e) available online at http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2013/mar/04/horsemeat-scandal-irish-beef-company.

  • LawrenceF (2014). Fake-food scandal revealed as tests show third of products mislabelledThe Guardian(8 February 2014) available online at https://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/feb/07/fake-food-scandal-revealed-tests-products-mislabelled.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LippensR.‘Rethinking organizational crime and organizational criminology’, 35 CrimeLaw and Social Change (2001) 319–331.

  • LippensR. and van CalsterP.‘Crime, Accidents and (dis) Organization: Rhizomic Communications on a foodscare’, 33 CrimeLaw and Social Change (2000) 281–311.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LucasC.After Britain’s horsemeat scandal, we need an inquiry into the meat marketThe Guardian (31 October 2013) available online at http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/oct/31/horsemeat-scandal-inquiry-meat-food.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LykkenD.T.Psychopathy, Sociopathy, and Crime34 Society (1996) 2938.

  • LykkenD.T.Psychopathic personality: The scope of the problem in C.J. Patrick (ed.) Handbook of Psychopathy (New York, ny: Guilford Press, 2005) pp. 313.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MesserschmidtJ.W.Murderous Managers in: MesserschmidtJ.W. (ed.) Crime as Structured Action: Gender Race Class and Crime in the making (Thousand Oaksca: Sage1997) pp. 89112.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MooreJ.C.SpinkJ. and LippM.Development and application of a database of food ingredient fraud and economically motivated adulteration from 1980 to 201077 Journal of Food Science (2012) 118126.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • O’DohertyD.de CockC.RehnA. and AshcraftK.L.Organization studies special issue on new sites/sights: Exploring the white spaces of organization32Organization Studies (2011) 313315.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • PechR.J. and SladeB.W.Organisational Sociopaths: Rarely challenged, often promoted. Why?2 Society and Business Review (2007) 254269.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • PunchM.‘Suite Violence: Why managers murder and corporations kill’, 33 CrimeLaw and Social Change (2000) 243–280.

  • Ricca-SmithC.Red Lion Abattoir closed downHorse and Country (8 April 2013) available online at http://www.horseandcountry.tv/news/2013/04/08/red-lion-abattoir-closed-down.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • ShackellG.H.Traceability in the meat industry–the farm to plate continuum43 International Journal of Food Science and Technology (2008) 21342142.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SlapperG. and TombsS.Corporate Crime (London: Longman1999).

  • SpinkJ. and MoyerD.C.Defining the public health threat of food fraud76 Journal of Food Science (2011) 157163.

  • ThomasM. (2013). Confessions of a sociopath: A life spent hiding in plain sight (New York, ny: Random House2013).

  • Trading Standards ServiceMeat products and compositional standards (London: Trading Standards Service2013).

  • usdaMeat and poultry labeling terms (Washingtondc: usda2013).

  • WilsonJ.Q. and KellingG.L.Broken Windows249 Atlantic Monthly (1982) 2938.

  • 9

    Shackell (2008) defines meat traceability as ‘the ability to maintain a credible custody of identification for animals or animal products through various steps within the food chain from the farm to the retailer’.

  • 13

    Braithwaite (1989) was right here in pointing out that when regulation is too strict unreasonable uncooperative inflexibly rulebook-oriented organised business subcultures of resistance develop. Once there is a climate of hostility between the business (industry) and regulators the regulators lose capacity for informal control over the managers and how the business is run.

  • 15

    According to Claridge (2013) horse meat once had its place in cuisine much like it does in some countries like France and Iceland: At times horsemeat was a sacrificial food and at others it seemed to be ordinary food but it was often rebuked by early Christian missionaries most often in the context of ritual feasts. In an attempt to tried to dissuade people from eating horse ‘In 723 Pope Gregory iii issued a papal decree to St Boniface explicitly forbidding the consumption of horse meat’ (Claridge 2013 p. 32).

Figures

Index Card

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 87 81 0
Full Text Views 194 193 1
PDF Downloads 5 5 0
EPUB Downloads 1 1 0