Pentecostal theology is marked by an inherent struggle for self-realization as well as unity and ecumenical integration. A realistic portrayal of worldwide Pentecostalism is confronted with homogeneous and romanticized depictions or false stereotypes. Global Pentecostalism and Pentecostalism in the West are intertwined in a significant theological and ecumenical manner that allows an ecumenical perspective focused on the West to shed light on the unity of Pentecostal theology, the relationship of Pentecostal theology to the ecumenical traditions, and the integration of Pentecostal theology in broader Christian commitments to social justice, peace, and the conservation of the creation. A particular point of convergence exists between Western and worldwide Pentecostal theology in the social activism of the movement. Contemporary Pentecostalism is in transition towards becoming a diversified contributor to the shape of global Christianity and the renewal of the theological agenda.
See Shane Clifton‘The Spirit and Doctrinal Development: A Functional Analysis of the Traditional Pentecostal Doctrine of the Baptism in the Holy Spirit’Pneuma: The Journal of the Society for Pentecostal Studies29:1 (2007) pp. 5–23.
Cf. Wolfgang Vondey‘Oneness and Trinitarian Pentecostalism: Critical Dialogue on the Ecumenical Creeds’One in Christ44:1 (2010) pp. 86–102. See also the responses to the report in Pneuma: The Journal of the Society for Pentecostal Studies 30:2 (2008) pp. 225–269.
D. William FaupelThe Everlasting Gospel: The Significance of Eschatology in the Development of Pentecostal Thought (Journal of Pentecostal Theology Supplement 10; Sheffield, UK: Sheffield Academic1996) pp. 187–227.
See VondeyPentecostalism pp. 119–124; Nico Horn ‘From Human Rights to Human Wrongs: The Dramatic Turn-About of the South African Pentecostal Movement’ in Frederick M. Shepherd (ed) Christianity and Human Rights (Lanham MD: Lexington Books 2009) pp. 213–227; Bernice Martin ‘The Pentecostal Gender Paradox: A Cautionary Tale for the Sociology of Religion’ in Richard K. Fenn (ed) The Blackwell Companion to Sociology of Religion (Oxford: Blackwell 2001) pp. 52–66; Karla Poewe-Hexham and Irving Hexham ‘Charismatic Churches and Apartheid in South Africa’ in Harold D. Hunter and Peter D. Hocken (eds) All Together in One Place: Theological Papers from the Brighton Conference on World Evangelization (Journal of Pentecostal Theology Supplement 9; Sheffield UK: Sheffield Academic Press 1993) pp. 73–83; Iain MacRobert The Black Roots and White Racism of Early Pentecostalism in the USA (New York: St. Martin’s Press 1988) pp. 60–76.